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Gerunds and infinitives

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pati martinez

on 24 May 2016

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Transcript of Gerunds and infinitives

Gerunds and infinitives
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
-A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding "-ing." The gerund form of the verb "read" is "reading." You can use a gerund as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence.
-Reading helps you learn English.
subject of sentence
-Her favorite hobby is reading.
complement of sentence
-I enjoy reading.
object of sentence

-Gerunds can be made negative by adding "not."
-He enjoys not working.
-The best thing for your health is not smoking.


-Infinitives are the "to" form of the verb. The infinitive form of "learn" is "to learn." You can also use an infinitive as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence.
-To learn is important.
subject of sentence
-The most important thing is to learn.
complement of sentence
-He wants to learn.
object of sentence

I
nfinitives can be made negative by adding "not."
-I decided not to go.
-The most important thing is not to give up.


gerunds
Vocabulary exercises
infinitives
Gerunds:
After prepositions
-I like doing sport
As subject of the sentence when talking about actions and facts in general
-Eating vegetables is very healthy
After some expressions
-can't stand, spend time, feel like...
As an object after some verbs
-finish, enjoy, prefer, like, hate...
Which one should I use?
Grammar Exercises
Infinitives:
After some adjetives
-easy, sad, happy, lucky, hard
We often use the infinitive to talk obout a prupose, why someone does something
-I'm using your cokery book to try a recipe
After certain verbs
-decide, want, promise, hope, agree...
Vocabulary exercises
Fill the gaps
1. Can you stop …………………
(buy)
so many sweets when you go to the market? I’m trying to lose weight.

2. Would you like …………………
(have)
coffee with your meal?

3. Lyn is good at …………………
(draw)
. Look at this picture she made of a fruit basket.

4. Where did you learn …………………
(decorate)
cakes? They look beautiful.

5. Bill has offered …………………
(show)
me how to make sushi.

6. I don’t feel like …………………
(watch)
another cooking show on TV. Choose another programme.

7. Fran plans …………………
(go)
to chefs’ school next year.

8. Cooks often suggest …………………
(add)
a little sugar to tomato sauce.

9. ..................
(swim)
is good for heal.
Choose the correct answer
1. The models practiced
walking/to walk
with a book balanced on their heads.

2. Mandy has promised
taking/to take
care of our dog while we are on vacation.

3. Mr. Edwards chose
accepting/to accept
the management position in Chicago rather than the position in Miami.

4. Witnesses reported
seeing/to see
the bank robber as he was climbing out of the second-story window.

5. Stephanie dislikes
working/to work
in front of a computer all day.

6. Mrs. Steve appears
being/ to be
the most qualified person for the job.
Join the sentences below
She stopped...

I want...

Kate agreed...

He enjoy...

We plan...
1. The models practiced
walking
/to walk
with a book balanced on their heads.

2. Mandy has promised
taking/
to take
care of our dog while we are on vacation.

3. Mr. Edwards chose
accepting/
to accept
the management position in Chicago rather than the position in Miami.

4. Witnesses reported
seeing
/to see
the bank robber as he was climbing out of the second-story window.

5. Stephanie dislikes

working
/to work
in front of a computer all day.

6. Mrs. Steve appears
being/
to be
the most qualified person for the job.
...to read the book

...reading the book
1. The models practiced
walking
/to walk
with a book balanced on their heads.
2. Mandy has promised
taking/
to take
care of our dog while we are on vacation.
3. Mr. Edwards chose
accepting/
to accept
the management position in Chicago rather than the position in Miami.
4. Witnesses reported
seeing
/to see
the bank robber as he was climbing out of the second-story window.
5. Stephanie dislikes

working
/to work
in front of a computer all day.
6. Mrs. Steve appears
being/
to be
the most qualified person for the job.
blood,muscles,bone,lung,brain,heart

buying
to have
drawing
An organ, composed of muscle tissue, that contracts to produce a particular movement -->
blood
Organ that pumps blood received from the veins into the arteries -->
bone

The fluid that circulates in the heart, arteries, capillaries, and veins of a vertebrate animal -->
lung
The part of the central nervous system enclosed in the cranium of humans and other vertebrates -->
muscles
One of the structures composing the skeleton of a vertebrate -->
brain
An organ that you use to breathe -->
heart
to decorate
watching
to go
adding
Swimming
to show
art gallery →
basketball court→
skyscrapers→
residential neighbourhood→
theater→
office→
university→

Vocabulary exercises
Definitions:
skyscrapers,train station,basketball court,university,
hockey stick,tennis racket,art gallery,theater
Helmet

Knee guard

Wrist guard

Mouth guard

Elbow guard
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