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Navigating APA Formatting for Nursing Papers
Transcript of Navigating APA Formatting for Nursing Papers
Navigating APA Formatting
for Nursing Papers
Two places to identify sources:
Use standard 8.5" x 11" paper
Use 1" margins (Word's default)
Use 12 pt. Times New Roman font
Put page numbers in top right corner starting on title page
On Page 1 :
On Page 2 and subsequent pages :
Citing References in Text
(Flinstone, 1306) Flinstone (1306) stated...
(Simpson & Flanders, 2014) Simpson and Flanders (2014) stated...
(Baggins, Gamgee, & Took, 2005) Baggins, Gambee, and Took (2005) stated...
(Kardashian et al., 2012) Kardashian et al. (2012) stated...
APA uses in-text citations
Citations always go before the period (with one exception)!
How to Quote
Remember... for quotes include the page number.
If the quote is fewer than 40 words, use quotation marks:
Besworth (2015) found that "nursing students benefit greatly from caffeine during night shifts" (p. 26).
For 40 words or greater, a block quote is required. Make sure to double space and indent:
(Note that citation info goes outside the period)
Despite it being the afternoon following an all-nighter writing papers, the teaching assistant was alert, engaging, and overall effective in his lecture covering APA formatting for nursing papers. He then added an irrelevant sentence to make the instructional paragraph forty-one words. (Besworth, 2014, p. 401)
Reference list contains the full citations
Be sure to include a title (center of page)
What you cite in-text must also appear here
Otherwise, do not list anything in the reference list that is not an in-text citation
Example Reference list
When do you need to cite?
If it is a quote, paraphrase or someone's idea/theory
Any time you rely on someone's information
No need to cite if common knowledge
(basic facts that are well known)
When in doubt, cite the source
What is APA Style?
Governed by the American Psychological Association (APA)--6th ed.
In-text citations with reference list
No author first or middle names
Used in a variety of disciplines :
Nursing (most departments)
Western University gives the following examples:
Direct plagiarism: directly lifting the text
Mosaic: borrowed phrases, ideas, and opinions
Paraphrase: direct summarizing of text
Insufficient acknowledgment: not giving full credit for all ideas
Northwestern University Office of the Provost. (2013).
How to avoid plagiarism
. Retrieved from
Whose DOI is it anyways?
DOI = Digital Object Identifier
Permanent address for an online article
APA specifies that you must list the DOI number when available
Not all articles will have a DOI number, but most online articles do
If unavailable, list 'Retrieved from:' followed by the HOME web address of the journal
Angeli, E., Wagner, J., Lawrick, E., Moore, K., Anderson, M., Soderlund, L., & Brizee, A. (2010, May 5).
. Retrieved from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/
APA style is a science
There will be strange circumstances
Not every case is listed in APA Manual
Adhere to general APA format and give enough info for us to find the source
Allyn & Betty Taylor APA Style Guide:
APA Manual, 6th ed.
Purdue OWL for APA:
Western Writing Support Center :
Office: Give it a decade or so
Why APA is Difficult and Unnecessary
Running head: DIFFICULTIES WITH APA
> 7 authors
Basic Parenthetical vs. Non-parenthetical Format
> 6 Authors
Who Wants to be a Prof?
READ THE SYLLABUS
Running Head: DIFFICULTIES WITH APA
# Top Right Corner
Title of Paper
APA: JUST DO IT
APA features five headings; however, you probably won't need to use all of them
Think of this like an outline
HEADINGS HELP GET YOU A BETTER MARK
Editing Your Work
With each edit there is a new focus or task
1. Rough Draft
remove one word from each sentence
ensure your meets word or character requirements
use for emphasis
avoid when unintended
point of view
sentence, paragraph & overall
2. Working Good Copy
3. Have Someone Without Expert Knowledge Edit
But before you do anything...
Citing for E-Portfolio
Citing & Referencing JPGs
N/A. (2015). Nursing anxiety attack
[Online image]. Retrieved from
MDT Music & Publishing. (2015).
Social media revolution [Video file].
Retrieved from https://www.youtube.
Citing & Referencing YouTube