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Navigating APA Formatting for Nursing Papers

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Transcript of Navigating APA Formatting for Nursing Papers

APA 6th Edition
Nursing 2240
Navigating APA Formatting
for Nursing Papers
Maximillian Besworth
Western University
APA Basics


Two places to identify sources:
In-text citations
Reference list

APA Formatting
Use standard 8.5" x 11" paper
Use 1" margins (Word's default)
Use 12 pt. Times New Roman font
Double space
Put page numbers in top right corner starting on title page
Headers
On Page 1 :


On Page 2 and subsequent pages :


APA Headings

Citing References in Text

(Flinstone, 1306) Flinstone (1306) stated...


(Simpson & Flanders, 2014) Simpson and Flanders (2014) stated...


(Baggins, Gamgee, & Took, 2005) Baggins, Gambee, and Took (2005) stated...


(Kardashian et al., 2012) Kardashian et al. (2012) stated...
APA uses in-text citations
Citations always go before the period (with one exception)!
How to Quote
Remember... for quotes include the page number.

If the quote is fewer than 40 words, use quotation marks:

Besworth (2015) found that "nursing students benefit greatly from caffeine during night shifts" (p. 26).

For 40 words or greater, a block quote is required. Make sure to double space and indent:
(Note that citation info goes outside the period)

Despite it being the afternoon following an all-nighter writing papers, the teaching assistant was alert, engaging, and overall effective in his lecture covering APA formatting for nursing papers. He then added an irrelevant sentence to make the instructional paragraph forty-one words. (Besworth, 2014, p. 401)


Reference List
Reference list contains the full citations
Be sure to include a title (center of page)
Double space
Order alphabetically
Hanging indent
What you cite in-text must also appear here
Otherwise, do not list anything in the reference list that is not an in-text citation
Example Reference list
When do you need to cite?
Plagiarism
If it is a quote, paraphrase or someone's idea/theory
Any time you rely on someone's information
No need to cite if common knowledge
(basic facts that are well known)
When in doubt, cite the source

What is APA Style?
Governed by the American Psychological Association (APA)--6th ed.
In-text citations with reference list
No author first or middle names
Petersen, D.W.
Used in a variety of disciplines :
Psychology
Business
Nursing (most departments)

Western University gives the following examples:

Direct plagiarism: directly lifting the text

Mosaic: borrowed phrases, ideas, and opinions

Paraphrase: direct summarizing of text

Insufficient acknowledgment: not giving full credit for all ideas


References


Northwestern University Office of the Provost. (2013).
How to avoid plagiarism
. Retrieved from
http://www.northwestern.edu/provost/policies/academic-integrity/how-to-avoid-plagiarism.html
Whose DOI is it anyways?
DOI = Digital Object Identifier
Permanent address for an online article
APA specifies that you must list the DOI number when available
Not all articles will have a DOI number, but most online articles do
If unavailable, list 'Retrieved from:' followed by the HOME web address of the journal
Angeli, E., Wagner, J., Lawrick, E., Moore, K., Anderson, M., Soderlund, L., & Brizee, A. (2010, May 5).
General format
. Retrieved from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/

Final Reminders
APA style is a science
There will be strange circumstances
Not every case is listed in APA Manual
Adhere to general APA format and give enough info for us to find the source
Other Resources
Allyn & Betty Taylor APA Style Guide:
http://www.lib.uwo.ca/faq/nursingapa

APA Manual, 6th ed.

Purdue OWL for APA:
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/

Western Writing Support Center :
http://www.sdc.uwo.ca/writing/

Contact:
Maximillian Besworth
mbeswort@uwo.ca
Office: Give it a decade or so
Why APA is Difficult and Unnecessary
Maximillian Besworth
Western University
Running head: DIFFICULTIES WITH APA
1
Examples

One author
Two authors
> 7 authors
3-7 authors
Examples
Basic Parenthetical vs. Non-parenthetical Format
One Author
3-5 Authors
2 Authors
> 6 Authors
Who Wants to be a Prof?

READ THE SYLLABUS
Running Head: DIFFICULTIES WITH APA
1
Capitalized Title
# Top Right Corner
Title of Paper
University Affiliation
Name
Not Capitalized
Colon
APA: JUST DO IT
APA features five headings; however, you probably won't need to use all of them
Think of this like an outline
HEADINGS HELP GET YOU A BETTER MARK
Editing Your Work
A process
With each edit there is a new focus or task
Grammar
spelling
punctuation
1. Rough Draft

remove one word from each sentence
ensure your meets word or character requirements
Repetition
use for emphasis
avoid when unintended
Consistency
tone
point of view
Structure
sentence, paragraph & overall
logical, chronological
2. Working Good Copy

3. Have Someone Without Expert Knowledge Edit

Length

But before you do anything...
https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/16/
http://www.lib.uwo.ca/programs/nursing/
Citing for E-Portfolio
Citing & Referencing JPGs
https://twitter.com/stdntnursememes
Reference
N/A. (2015). Nursing anxiety attack
[Online image]. Retrieved from
http://twitter.com/stdntnursememes
MDT Music & Publishing. (2015).
Social media revolution [Video file].
Retrieved from https://www.youtube.
com/watch?v=QUCfFcchw1
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QUCfFcchw1
Citing & Referencing YouTube
Reference
Full transcript