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Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva
Transcript of Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva
In 1984 Lula and the PT joined the Diretas Já! (Direct Elections Now!) campaign, which demanded a popular vote election for the next Brazilian president. According to the 1967 constitution, Presidents were at that time elected by both Houses of Congress in joint session, with representatives of all State Legislatures. However, since the March 1964 coup d'état, each "elected" President had been a retired general chosen in a closed military caucus. Lula and the PT fully backed the public demand for a change in the electoral procedure. The campaign was deafeted, but four years later, the first president was eleceted by popular vote. Political Career. Lula first ran for office in 1982, and lost. In 1986 he gained a seat in congress with the most nation wide votes. The PT helped write the post-military government constitution making sure there were strong workers rights. In 1989 Lula ran again for office as the PT canindate, he was advocating immediate land reform and a default on the external debt. However he lost again to Fernando Collor de Mello, former governor of Alagoas. Lula did not run for re-election as congressman in 1990, as he wanted to focus on expanding the PT's operations.
Lula finally won elections for president on 27 October, 2002 . Public Career (continued) Instead of making the social changes he was planning to make back in the 80's, Lula choose to be a reformist. He passed new retirement, tax, labor and judicial legislation, and discussing university reform. On October 1 2006, Lula was re-elected as president. One of the biggest changes that Lula pushed was, Fome Zero ("Zero Hunger"), a program to bring together a series of programs with the goal to end hunger in Brazil: the creation of water cisterns in Brazil's semi-arid region of Sertão, plus actions to counter teenage pregnancy, to strengthen family agriculture, to distribute a minimum amount of cash to the poor, and many other measures.
Under Lula Brazil became the 8th largest economy, more than 20 million people rose out of proverty because of his efforts. Presidency After his last term as president, Lula was digonosed with throat cancer, he was treated with chemotherapy to counteract the tumor. He was continually treated until the tumor was in complete submission. After his bout with cancer, Lula went right back into politics to help the Brazilian people. Union Career Lula rose through the ranks of the union and in 1975 he was elected as president of the Steel Workers' Union of São Bernardo do Campo and Diadema. In the late 70's, when Brazil was under military rule, Lula helped organize union activities, including major strikes. The courts found the strikes to be illegal, and Lula was jailed for a month. Because of this Lula was awarded a lifetime pension after the regime fell, as were all that were imprisond under the military rule. <-- (Bald due to cancer treatment(