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Transcript of Modal Verbs
by themselves Express the mode or manner of a verb Subject + Modal Verb + Verb (+ Object) Grammatical Rules be used with other auxiliary verbs e.g. 'do', 'does' and 'did' Form negatives by adding 'not' e.g. I WILL NOT go to the cinema Form questions by the inversion of the verb and the subject They can: e.g. WILL YOU go to the cinema? change form be followed by 'to', e.g. you can never add an -s or -ed to it They cannot: with the exception of 'ought to' Meanings doubt
ability Meanings divided into two groups: Degrees of certainty: probability
impossibility Problems with teaching? 'CAN I help you?'
informal, for close family/friends
'MAY I help you?'
more polite, to higher authority YouTube Activity Pre-intermediate http://www.teach-this.com/Modal_Verbs/Modal%20Mania.pdf http://www.teach-this.com/Modal_Verbs/Ability%20Bingo.pdf Elementary Classroom Activities Role Play:
Present Tense When combining a modal auxiliary with a simply present verb,
“to” is not necessary.
e.g. He should TO eat his dinner/
He should eat his dinner
do not apply
e.g. She CAN jumps /
She CAN jump Two modal verbs
cannot be used together
in the same sentence
E.g. WILL CAN fly /
WILL be able to fly e.g.
Can /kæn/ instead of /k n/
Could /k d/, /k d/ When combining verb in past tense
with the modal verb.
E.g. John COULD heard the bell /
John COULD HEAR the bell Also... Phonological issues Stronger forms of otherwise
weakly pronounced sounds "The problem lies not in the surface positioning of modals nor in their wide range of meanings, but in associating the right modal with the right meaning”
(Cook, 1978) And deciding which to use... A) Are you going anywhere this weekend?
B) Yes I MIGHT go to the cinema.
A) Shall we go somewhere after school?
B) Yes we COULD go to the park. A) What are you going to be doing in the holidays?
B) I WILL BE finishing off my essay.
A) What have you been doing the whole day?
B) I HAVE BEEN watching TV. Role Play: Past Tense http://www.teach-this.com/Modal_Verbs/Ability%20Bingo.pdf
watch?v=hCL5Xw8uxJU&list=PL0808BF2F31B432C1&index=6 References Simple Modal Verbs CAN COULD MIGHT MAY HAVE BEEN BE Penston, T. (2005) A Concise Grammar For English Language Teachers. Ireland: TP publications. Passive Modal Verbs http://my2languages.blogspot.co.uk/2011/03/modal-verbs-problems-and-solutions-for.html
http://library.bcu.ac.uk/learner/Grammar%20Guides/3.07%20Modals.htm Picture from: http://tinieisa.wordpress.com/2012/12/20/modal-verb/modal-verbs_28297_3_1/ Obligation/
freedom to act: