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Architectural Styles Project

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by

Sandra Villanueva

on 1 March 2013

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Transcript of Architectural Styles Project

Architectural Styles Project By Sandra Villanueva Native American Modern day Pueblo homes are often made with concrete blocks or other materials covered with adobe, stucco, plaster, or mortar. These builders are known for their Pueblo Revival buildings:
John Gaw Meem
Mary Louise Colter
Glenn Curtiss Pueblo Revival houses became popular in the early 1900s, mainly in California & the southwestern United States Pueblo homes have many of these features:

Massive, round-edged walls made with adobe
Flat roof with no overhang
Stepped levels
Rounded parapet
Spouts in the parapet to direct rainwater
Heavy timbers extending through walls to support the roof
Poles placed above the heavy timbers in angled pattern
Deep window & door openings
Benches that protrude from walls
Niches carved out of wall for display of religious icons
Brick, wood, or flagstone floors Spanish Modern day mission revival buildings are still the same. These builders are known for their Mission Revival buildings:
Jackling House
Lobero Theatre
George Washington Smith It started in California and Florida around 1915 to 1931. Spanish homes have many of these features:

Flat clay tile roofs
Arcaded porches
Corridors with arches
Large square pillars
Roofs are low pitched with projecting eaves extending outward over the walls
Stucco walls French The French Provincial architectural style became popular in the 1600’s in the exclusive suburbs mostly around the eastern North America such as the St. Lawrence, Great Lakes, and Mississippi valleys. French homes have many of these features:

symmetrical proportions
a steep roof
second story windows that often have arched tops
toile fabrics
brick exterior
porches with substantial balustrades Cape Cod Georgian Cape Cod style homes have many of these features:

a story & a half high
steep, pitched roof with end gables
a large central chimney
very little ornamentation
symmetrically
central front door surrounded by two multi-paned windows on each side
wooden shutters
clapboard or shingle exterior Greek Revival Greek Revival style homes have many of these features:
Pedimented gable
Symmetrical shape
Heavy cornice
Wide, plain frieze
Bold, simple moldings Southern Colonial Southern Colonial style homes have many of these features: Victorian Victorian style homes have many of these features: Prairie Prairie style homes have many of these features: International International style homes have many of these features: Bungalow Bungalow style homes have many of these features:
brick walls
the windows are often positioned high Ranch The style dates back to 1932 & is still being built today. It was one of the most popular styles in the suburban home building boom of the 1950s & 1960s Ranch style homes have many of these features:

floor plans
attached garages
efficient living spaces
windows outfitted with muntins
fresh coat of creamy taupe paint unifies the brick and siding Contemporary Contemporary style homes have many of these features: Federal Federal style homes have many of these features: Early English Early English style homes have many of these features: Bibliography Rick Joy Characteristics of the house:
Vigas (heavy timbers)
Latillas (poles)
Bancos (benches)
Nichos (niches) Characteristics of this house:
Curves and arches
White stucco exterior & walls
Painted tile
Terracotta roof tiles Characteristics of this house:
hipped roofs with a dormer
French doors
clay mixed with small stones (pierrotage)
animal hair (bousillage) The California Bungalow was a widely popular 1½ story variation on the bungalow in America from 1910 to 1925 This builder is known for his Cape Cod buildings:
Royal Barry Wills Homeowners experimented over the years by doubling the full Cape and adding new wings onto the rear end, homeowners also added roof dormers for increased space, light, & ventilation. 1 1⁄2-story Capes are still a popular & affordable style on the housing market. Colonial Revival Capes (1930s–1950s) These builders are known for their Ranch buildings: Characteristics of this house:
Large windows, often decorated with shutters
Vaulted ceilings with exposed beams
Exteriors of stucco, brick and wood and glass
Large overhanging eaves
Cross-gabled, side-gabled or hip roof
Simple and/or rustic interior and exterior trim Georgian Colonial homes usually have these features:
Square, symmetrical shape
Paneled front door at center
Decorative crown over front door
Flattened columns on each side of door
Five windows across front
Paired chimneys
Medium pitched roof
Minimal roof overhang Characteristics of this house:
Nine or twelve small window panes in each window sash
Dentil molding (square, tooth-like cuts) along the eaves Georgian houses were popular from 1690s through 1830. Georgian Colonial became popular around the Southern colonies during the 1700's. Greek Revival houses were popular during 1825 through 1860.
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