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Fishing Cat Conservation

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by

Anish Badwe

on 21 May 2013

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Transcript of Fishing Cat Conservation

Fishing Cat By: Rika and Anish About the Specie: The fishing cat(Prionailurus viverrinus) is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List. In 2008 they were listed as vulnerable but since then their population has decreased from 20,000 to less than 10,000. Distribution
The fishing cat is found across the Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, South India and Southeast Asia.
Habitat
- They live in densely vegetated areas near water, in marshes, mangroves, rivers, and streams.
- Fishing cats are also often found near fishing places. Predators:
They are 'Top Predators' in their habitat nothing hunts them down.
- They are sometimes found in areas where they share their habitats with larger carnivorous mammals such as tigers and bears which can be a threat
- Although we can say that fishing cat are the preys of human.
Individual's area usage:
- Female's home ranges was about 4 - 6 sq km
- Male’s home range was about 16 - 22 sq km Reproduction:
Gestation Period is approximately 63 days
and about 1-4 kittens are born.
Birth season:
March - April, although it can occur in other times of the year
Life Span:
Fishing cats live for about 12years. 1. Wetland Destruction(human settlement)
2. Human Fishing of the fishing cats main preys
3. Hunted for food, medicine, body parts.
4. Pollution THREATS FISHING CAT RESEARCH AND CONSERVATION PROJECT It was established in 2003 with the goal of securing and restoring fishing cat populations and their habitat

MISSION
The project was initiated in response to a decline in fishing cat population and the the subsequent elevation to endangered species

PROJECT
- focus on finding remaining populations in South East Asia.
- Understand and initiate conservation activities FACTS -There is a significant population decline even in protected wetlands and in former fishing cat study areas, researchers were unable to document their presence
- On the island of Java, its prime mangrove habitat now has less than 11% of the original area.
- Over 50% of Asian wetlands are under threat and disappearing.
- A study in Thailand found that 9 from 17 radio-collared cats had disappeared or been killed by poachers. The convention on International Trading Endangered Species (CITES) listed the fishing cat on Appendix II, which permits are required for international traffic in this species, however illegal poaching still takes place in many sites.
The fishing cat is also protected by national legislation in most of its range, except Bhutan, Malaysia and Vietnam.
Habitat degradation is said to be the main cause of decline in population - Larger than common house cats
- Webbed feet
- As name suggests, they fish for food
- Strong swimmer even in deep water, and able to swim long distances
- Nocturnal About me! Population:
Now less than 10,000
Diet:
Fishing cats eat birds, small mammals, snakes, snails and fish.
Mating:
Takes place in January - February IF YOU DON'T HELP US, Where are they found? Cincinnati and San Diego Zoo Conservation Projects As a conservation project these two zoos in America took permission from the Indonesian Government to help a couple fishing cats they found in a not ideal environment for the fishing cat. What can we do? 1. Locally- Raising Awareness
2. Finance or support fishing cat research around South-East Asia.
3. Habitat Protection-Fencing and Local People
4. Captive Breeding (Last Resort) Economic Factor:
The South East Asian economy depends on export of agriculture products like rice and fish.
Farmers often kill fishing cats to save their crop and fish farms.
Political Factor:
The governments are continuously building dams but they do not show concern for the fishing cat and the ecosystem around the location. FACTORS WHICH AFFECT THE FISHING CAT AND ITS HABITAT Bibliography "Catinwater." Catinwater. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2013. <http://catinwater.wordpress.com/2012/12/28/tragedy-sparks-unexpected-hope-for-thailands-fishing-cats/>.
"Endangered Animals." Animal Info. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2013. <http://www.animalinfo.org/species/carnivor/priovive.htm>.
"Fishing Cat." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 14 May 2013. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/wildfacts/factfiles/39.shtml>.
"Fishing Cat Facts." Nationalzoo.si.edu. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2013. <http://nationalzoo.si.edu/animals/asiatrail/fishingcats/factsheet.cfm>.
"Fishing Cat." International Society for Endangered Cats. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2013. <http://www.wildcatconservation.org/wild-cats/asia/fishing-cat/>.
"Fishing Cat (Prionailurus Viverrinus)." Arkive.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2013. <http://www.arkive.org/fishing-cat/prionailurus-viverrinus/>.
"Fishing Cat." (Prionailurus Viverrinus). N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2013. <http://a-z-animals.com/animals/fishing-cat/>.
"Fishing Cat Research and Conservation Project | Facebook." Facebook. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2013. <https://www.facebook.com/pages/Fishing-Cat-Research-and-Conservation-Project/101680873284872>.
"Prionailurus Viverrinus." IUCN. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2013. <http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/18150/0>. http://fishing-cat.wild-cat.org/
http://www.wildcatconservation.org/wild-cats/asia/fishing-cat/
http://www.arkive.org/fishing-cat/prionailurus-viverrinus/
http://a-z-animals.com/animals/fishing-cat/
http://library.sandiegozoo.org/studbooks/carnivores/FishingCat2001.pdf
http://www.wwfindia.org/about_wwf/small_grants_program/fishing_cats/
http://www.tigerhomes.org/wild-cats/wc-fishing-cat.cfm
http://archive.thedailystar.net/newDesign/news-details.php?nid=81230
http://catinwater.wordpress.com/2012/12/28/tragedy-sparks-unexpected-hope-for-thailands-fishing-cats/
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