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Adies Syndrome

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Marchelle Esteban

on 8 May 2017

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Transcript of Adies Syndrome

Adie's Syndrome
Adie's Syndrome

is a rare neurological disorder affecting the
pupil of the eye
and an absence of
deep tendon reflexes
Etiology
cause is
unknown
(idiopathic)
most believed cause is: inflammation or damage to the
ciliary ganglion
can occur with complications in trauma, surgery, lack of blood flow or infection
can be inherited
Course of disorder
diagnosis by clinical evaluation and patient history
get a complete eye examination by an ophthalmologist
eye doctor can either compare both pupils, use a slit lamp or water-downed (diluted) pilocarpine to constrict an affected dilated pupil
treatment isn't necessary, patients are usually given glasses for blurred vision, sunglasses for sunlight exposure, or pilocarpine as eye drops
loss of deep tendon reflexes is permanent
Specific effects of the disease on communication
Since this is a rare neurological disease, not much research and evidence has been found to form a relationship between optic nerve loss and communication.
Image by goodtextures: http://fav.me/d2he3r8
COMD 4630-02
Marchelle Esteban

Synonyms
Incidence and prevalences
Anatomical
Physiological
Demographics
References
Adie's Pupil
Adie's Tonic Pupil
Holmes-Adie Syndrome
Tonic Pupil Syndrome
prevalence for Adie's pupil (not full syndrome) is 2 out of 1,000 people
exact prevalence and incidence is
unknown

affected pupil is larger
than normal (dilated) all the time
slowly when focusing on objects close at hand, pupil can constrict
affected pupil can become smaller than unaffected pupil
when pupil needs to dilate, it is at an
abnormally slow rate
headache, facial pain, or emotional "mood swings" may occur
Adie's syndrome usually affects the pupil of
one
eye and deep tendon muscles are gradually lost. However, there are chances the other pupil can become affected as well.
when the affected pupil is
dilated
: results in
minimal response to direct light
when the affected pupil
constricts:
results in
blurry vision or sensitivity to lights
even a phobia of bright lights

signs also show
absent or poor
(sluggish) deep tendon reflexes
deep tendon reflexes are
involuntary muscle contractions
that occur to a sudden stimulus.

part of the parasympathetic nervous system (ANS)
carry signals to
control pupils response to stimuli
nerves communicate with
IRIS SPHINCTER MUSCLE
which controls
how much light enters
both
are damaged in Adie's
Ciliary Ganglion
those affected are more likely to be female and young adults ages 24-45
https://rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/adie-syndrome/

https://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/diseases/5749/adie-syndrome

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/criopm/2015/491795/

http://www.nationalmssociety.org/What-is-MS

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