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Unit 4 The Civil Rights Movement

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Arthur Wachholz

on 17 November 2016

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Transcript of Unit 4 The Civil Rights Movement

Unit 4 The Civil Rights Movement
How did the effects of Post WWII America and segregation policy lead to the rise of the Civil Rights movement in the 1960s?
1.What do you see in the cartoon? Make a list.
2.Which of the items on the list from Question 1 are symbols? What does each stand for?
3.What is the artist's message in the cartoons? Is there a political bias in the cartoons? Who would agree with the message? Who would disagree

Ch 14 VOC
Civil Rights Web
Civil Rights
Web
Organizations
Leaders
Court Decisions and Laws
Tactics and Action
SNCC
NAACP
Nation of Islam
Black Panthers
Freedom Riders
Little Rock 9
Martin Luther King Jr.
Rosa Parks
Malcolm X
Thurgood Marshall
Elizabeth Eckford
Linda Brown
Medgar Evers
James Meredith
JFK
LBJ
Bobby Seale
Stokely Carmichael
SCLC
CORE
Miranda v. Arizona
Plessy v. Ferguson
Brown v. Board of Ed
Voting Rights Act of 1965
24th Amendment
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Sit In
Civil Rights Act of 1957
march
boycott
Little Rock
freedom summer
freedom riders
Birmingham
Selma
March on Washington
riot
Watts
Democratic National Convenetion
MLK vs Malcolm X
From Rosa Parks to Malcolm X

Rosa Parks (1955)
a.A seamstress and NAACP officer took a seat in the front row of the “colored” section of a Montgomery, Alabama bus….
b.Her arrest led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott organized by the NAACP
c.Was it a set up?
Martin Luther King Jr.
a.As a 26 year-old minister he led the Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955)
i.Gave speech to 5,000 gathered to hear him speak… For 381 days African Americans boycotted the buses in Montgomery and in 1956 the Supreme Court outlawed bus segregation.
ii.On December 21, 1956 King boarded a bus in Montgomery and sat at the front declaring, “It was a great ride.”
b.Other Civil Rights Activities
i.Helped found the SCLC in 1957.
ii.This led to a spread of Civil Rights groups like SNCC, CORE who staged the first sit-ins and the Freedom Riders.
c.“I Have a Dream” (1963)
i.March on Washington which included 250,000 people.
ii.The speech which appealed for peace and racial harmony.
Malcolm X
a. Bio
i.Father killed by white racists which led to mother’s emotional collapse.
ii.Malcolm and siblings were raised by the state.
iii.He moved to Boston and New York after quitting school in the 8th Grade.
iv.He became a thief and a drug addict and was eventually arrested and sentenced 10 years in prison in 1946 for theft.
v.It was in prison that he learned about the Nation of Islam.
b.The Nation and Malcolm believed his people needed to take control of their communities.
i.Studied the teachings of Elijah Muhammad and the Nation of Islam.
ii.What did he/they teach?
iii.He preached that whites were the cause of the condition of African-Americans and they needed to separate themselves from white society.
iv.In 1964, Malcolm X split from the nation of Islam.
1.He took a pilgrimage to Mecca.
2.He changed his views on separatism and urged African-Americans to work with world organizations and progressive whites.
v.Malcolm X was silenced in 1965 when he was gunned down before a group of 400 of his followers.
vi.Malcolm X still remains an inspiration! To ALL!?!?
"I Have A Dream"
"Bullets Over Ballots"
MLK
Malcolm X
Voting Rights Notes
Civil Rights Act of 1964-
a.This law banned discrimination on the basis of race, sex, national origin or religion in public places and most work places.
b.This law was signed by Lyndon Johnson months after the assassination of John Kennedy.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
a.Law that made it easier for African Americans to register to vote.
b. It eliminated discriminatory literacy tests and authorized federal examiners to enroll ALL voters denied at the local level.
c. The percentage of African-American voters in the South tripled after this law was passed.
Civil Rights Act of 1968
a.This banned discrimination in housing.
b. Brought an end to de jure segregation?
De Jure Segregation
Mississippi Burning
De Facto Segregation
Malcolm X
Birmingham Role Play
What was a Jim Crow hospital?

Why wouldn’t you be able to buy goods at “one” counter in most stores?

What did the state of Alabama do to prevent the NAACP from performing civil rights work?

What were some examples of violence which occurred in Birmingham from 1957-63?

Who was Eugene “Bull” Connor?

What three basic things did the Birmingham Segregation Ordinances segregate between whites and blacks?
Birmingham Video
Research Martin Luther King, Jr., Wyatt T. Walker, Fred Shuttlesworth, and Ralph Abernathy’s role in Birmingham.
Answer Quickwrite
Quickwrite: Summarize the role of one of the people you researched for homework in the events in Birmingham in the 1960’s. 3-4 sent.
1968 A Tumultuous Year
XI. The Assassination of Dr. King (April)
a. He spoke to a crowd in Memphis, TN on April 3, 1968 to support the striking garbage workers.
b. The next day he was assassinated on the balcony of his hotel room by James Earl Ray.
c. Despite a plea for violence, his death led to the worst urban rioting in US history.


XII. Violence and Riots
a. In over 100 US cities followers of Dr. King rioted.
b. Buildings, neighborhoods and communities were destroyed.
c. 700 fires were set in Washington.
d. In the end there were 46 arrests, 3,000 injuries and 27,000 arrested.
XIII. RFK assassinated (June)
i. JFK’s brother had become a major candidate for president.
ii. In June, a Palestinian immigrant named Sirhan Sirhan shot RFK over his support of Israel.



XIV. Chicago Democratic National Convention
i. Anti-war demonstrators came to protest the convention in August.
ii. Chicago Mayor Richard J. Daley vowed to maintain order of the over 100,000 protestors with 12,000 police officers and 5,000 National Guardsmen.
iii. Violence broke out around Grant Park where protestors had gathered.
iv. Then, disorder entered the convention hall, as delegates shouted at Daley and he returned them.
v. This disorder nearly destroyed the Democratic Party…
RFK Eulogy
of MLK
Sound Analysis
Step 1. Pre-Listen
A. Whose voices will you hear on this recording?
B. What is the date of this recording?
C. Where was this recording made?
Step 2. Listening
A. Type of sound recording (check one):
B. Unique physical qualities of the recording

Kennedy and Johnson Years
Create a timeline of 8 events that chronicles major events during the Kennedy and Johnson administrations using 1960 Election of Kennedy and 1968 LBJ refuses to run for reelection using Ch 15 Sec 2 and 3.
Kennedy and LBJ Notes
.



VI. 1964: Success and Election
A. He passed through the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
B. Then he continued his “War on Poverty.”
1. In August 1964 he pushed Congress to create the Economic Opportunity Act.
2. This created $1-billion in youth programs, antipoverty measures, small business loans and job training.
a. Job Corps, VISTA, Head Start and others.
b. These successes and programs won him the 1964 Presidential Election.
VII. The Great Society
A. Early in 1964, LBJ spoke about his “Great Society” in a speech.
B. The goal was to create a higher living standard and equal opportunity as well as a better quality of life.
1. Medicare: Gives hospital insurance and low cost medical insurance for almost every American 65 and older.
2. Medicaid: Extends health insurance to welfare recipients.
3. Created the Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to build low rent public housing.
4. Immigration Act of 1965
5. Voting Rights Act of 1965: Ended literacy tests and gave right to vote to all Americans!
C. The Great Society created governmental programs dealing with poverty, cities, education, discrimination, the environment and consumer advocacy!
D. LBJ’s Great Society changed America.
1. Some say for better and others for worse.
a. created more social awareness for social problems like civil rights and poverty.
b. Number of poor people fell 14% between 1962-73.
c. Created a large budget deficit.
d. This led to a conservative backlash.


I. Election of 1960
A. John F. Kennedy defeated Richard Nixon by the smallest margin since 1888.
1. The candidates participated in the first televised debate EVER.
2. Kennedy looked younger and had a better image.
3. Civil Rights
a. JFK called King’s wife to offer condolences after his sit-in arrest.
b. This earned JFK many African-American votes.
II. The Kennedy Mystique
A. The Kennedy family was a young fairy tale come to life.
B. JFK, his wife and kids and even his political advisors were seen as a modern day King Arthur’s court in Camelot!
III. The New Frontier
A. JFK set out to change America and his legislative agenda was called the New Frontier.
B. He was unable, however, to get his plans through congress.
1. The Economy
a. JFK and his advisors supported deficit spending.
b. The federal govt. increased spending and decreased taxes.
i. the military
ii. increased the minimum wage
iii. extended unemployment insurance
iv. gave assistance to cities with high unemployment.
Kennedy and LBJ Cont...
2. Poverty Abroad
a. The Peace Corps
b. Alliance for Progress: economic and technical assistance to Latin American countries.
3. The Space Race
4. Other Domestic Issues
a. poverty
b. civil rights

IV. Tragedy!
A. On November 22, 1963, JFK was assassinated in Dallas, Texas.
B. Lee Harvey Oswald, a supporter of Fidel Castro and a former Marine, was arrested and charged with the murder.
C. Oswald was then killed by Jack Ruby, a Dallas nightclub owner.
D. The bizarre chain of events led to tales of conspiracy blaming anti-Castro Cubans, Communists, the CIA and even Aliens?

V. Johnson takes over for Kennedy.
A. Lyndon Baines Johnson was sworn in as President the evening of JFK’s death on Airforce One.
B. Upon taking over, LBJ urged Congress to finish the civil rights and tax cut bills sent by JFK.
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New Frontier/Great Society
Description
1. How much has the percentage of African
Americans completing four years of high school
increased from 1970 to 1995?
2. How much has the rate of African American
completing four years of college increased
between 1970 and 1995?

KEY IDEAS & DETAILS
1. What does the passage list as Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s inspiration? Cite specific things and people from the text. (RI. 1)

2. Explain how Dr. King helped accomplish desegregation of buses. (RI.3)

3. Explain how a nonviolent movement differs from other movements. (RI 3)

4. Explain how Dr. King’s work changed after the March on Washington. (RI 3)

5. In one sentence, summarize Dr. King’s accomplishments that are listed in the article. (RI.2)

CRAFT & STRUCTURE
6. Based on the context clues, explain the Bus Boycott as it relates to the term social justice.(RI.4)

7. How is the text organized? Describe the text’s organizational structure (chronological, cause/ effect, comparison/contrast, description, problem/solution). Explain your reasoning. (RI.5)

INTEGRATION OF KNOWLEDGE & IDEAS
8. What is the author’s overall message of the text? What evidence did the author use in the passage to support her thinking? (RI.8)
KEY IDEAS & DETAILS
1. Explain the impact of Malcolm X’s childhood on his beliefs. (RI 3)

2. Explain how Malcolm X became a Muslim. (RI.3)

3. Summarize the main idea of the section “Turning Point” in one sentence. (RI.2)

4. Explain the relationship between Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X. (RI 3)

5. Summarize the excerpt from Malcolm X’s autobiography in one sentence. (RI.2)

CRAFT & STRUCTURE
6. Based on the text, how is a mosque related to the Nation of Islam? (RI.4)

7. How is the text organized? Describe the text’s organizational structure (chronological, cause/
effect, comparison/contrast, description, problem/solution). Explain your reasoning. (RI.5)

INTEGRATION OF KNOWLEDGE & IDEAS
8. Analyze Malcolm X as a person based on the evidence given in this text. (RI.8)
"Glory" by Common and John Legend
from the film Selma
For each term listed
on the right:
1. Define it
2. Use it in a sentence
in your own words
3. Write a question and
answer it
Jim Crow
NAACP
Brown v. Board of Ed
Little Rock 9
Rosa Parks
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLZbXA4lyCtqqDbRRmaImP3td383YAMwbu
Other Mississippi Burning Clips
The Power of Race
MLK
Malcolm X
Background info


Role in Civil Rights




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Full transcript