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Industrial Design History Timeline

timeline
by

Matthew McNaughton

on 23 June 2011

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Transcript of Industrial Design History Timeline

DESIGN HISTORY TIMELINE 1700's 1709 1733 1751 1757 1767 1769 1777 1769 1779 1784 1789 1800 1802 1819 1827 1829 1832 1842 1836 1848 1851 1854 1856 1861 1874 1876 1876 1888 1890 1893 1900 1901 1902 1904 1906 1906 1913 1907 1917 1918 1918 1919 1921 1922 1923 1925 1927 1928 ABRAHAM DERBY MAKES
IRON USING COAL
NOT CHARCOAL FIRST STEAM ENGINE
INVENTED BY
THOMAS NEWCOMEN 1743 1761 1776 1769 1774 1779 1781 1785 1791 1712 KAY'S FLYING SHUTTLE
FOR COTTON WEAVING STEAM ENGINE USED
FOR BLAST FURNACE
BELLOWS POPULATION OF UK
APPROX 7 MILLION SARKEY BROOK
NAVIGATION CANAL
OPENED BRIDGEWATER
CANAL OPENED FIRST IRON RAILS MADE
AT COALBROOKDALE AMERICAN INDEPENDANCE ARKWRIGHT'S WATER
FRAME FOR SPINNING
COTTON HARGREAVE'S SPINNING
JENNY FOR COTTON STEAM ENGINE FURTHER
DEVELOPED BY JAMES WATT WATT AND BOULTON
START STEAM ENGINE
FACTORY GRAND TRUNK CANAL OPENED CROMPTON'S MULE
FOR SPINNING COTTON WORLD'S FIRST IRON
BRIDGE AT COALBROOKDALE WATT INVENTS ROTARY
ACTION STEAM ENGINE PUDDLING PROCESS
INTRODUCED FOR
WROUGHT IRON CARTWRIGHT'S POWER
LOOM RUNS ON
STEAM POWER 1780s/90s GROWTH OF MACHINE TOOL AND CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES FRENCH REVOLUTION 1790s CANAL MANIA 1793-1815 NAPOLEONIC WARS (BRITAIN AND FRANCE) BANKS STARTED TO
APPEAR AND FUND
ENTREPENEURS 1801 1804 1825 1828 1830 1833 1837 1844 1851 1851 1854 1859 1873 POPULATION OF UK
APPROX 10 MILLION TREVITHICK BUILDS
FIRST STEAM
LOCOMOTIVE TEVITHICK RUNS FIRST
RAILWAY LOCOMOTIVE FIRST FACTORY ACT
RESTRICTS WORKING
HOURS FOR CHILDREN STOCKTON TO
DARLINGTON
RAILWAY OPENED LATHE DEVELOPED NIELSON'S HOT
BLAST PROCESS
FOR IRON FOUNDING STEPHENSON'S ROCKET LIVERPOOL - MANCHESTER
RAILWAY OPENED CONSTITUTIONAL REFORM
IN THE UK (REFORM BILL) FACTORY ACT FURTHER
RESTRICTS HOURS
CHILDREN CAN WORK BIRTH CERTIFICATES
INTRODUCED QUEEN VICTORIA'S
CORONATION 1840's RAILWAY MANIA CANALS BEGAN TO DECLINE COAL MINES ACT
EXTENDS FACTORY ACT
TO COAL MINE WORKERS FACTORY ACT FURTHER
RESTRICTS HOURS FOR
WOMEN & CHILDREN PRE-RAPHAELITES
FOUNDED RUSKIN WROTE
"THE STONES OF VENICE" GREAT EXHIBITION IN
LONDON (CRYSTAL PALACE) PUJIN WROTE "PRINCIPLES
OF TRUE ARCHITECTURE" FIRST THONET
BENTWOOD CHAIRS WORLD EXHIBITION
IN MUNICH STEEL PRODUCTION
PROCESS INVENTED
(BESSEMER'S CONVERTER) THONET'S CHAIR
NUMBER 14 IS RELEASED 1861-1865 CIVIL WAR IN AMERICA MORRIS AND CO. FOUNDED 1870-71 FRANCO-PRUSSIAN WAR WORLD EXHIBITION
IN VIENNA FIRST IMPRESSIONIST
EXHIBITION IN PARIS 1876 1884 1889 1893 TELEPHONE DEVELOPED
BY BELL FIRST MECHANICAL
TYPEWITER BY REMINGTON PHILADELPHIA
WORLDS FAIR WORK ON GAUDI'S
CHURCH OF THE HOLY
FAMILY IS BEGUN ARTS AND CRAFTS
EXHIBITION SOCIETY
FOUNDED PARIS EXPOSITION
(EIFFEL TOWER BUILT
FOR THIS SHOW) FIRST TUBE OPENED
IN LONDON DIESEL ENGINE
INVENTED CHICAGO WORLDS FAIR 1897 1897-1902 BOER WAR (SOUTH AFRICA) 1897 1897 THE VIENNA SECESSION WORLD EXHIBITION
IN BRUSSELS 1897-1899 GLASGOW SCHOOL OF ART
STAGE ONE BY MACINTOSH HECTOR GUIMARD
DESIGNS ENTRANCES
TO PARIS METRO 1900 1901 1903 1904 1906 1907 1908 1914 1917 1918 1918 1920 1922 1923 1925 1925 1927 1929 WORLD EXHIBITION
IN PARIS POPULATION OF UK
APPROX 40 MILLION QUEEN VICTORIA DIES HENRI VAN DER VELDE
INVITED TO WEIMAR TO
ADVISE ON ART AND DESIGN VIENNA WORKSHOP
FOUNDED CHARLES RENNIE MACINTOSH
DESIGNS CRANSTON
TEA ROOMS INCLUDING
SILVER CHAIRS ST LOUIS WORLDS FAIR DEUTSCHE WERKBUND
FOUNDED CHARLES RENNIE
MACINTOSH DESIGNS
THE INTERIOR FOR
HIS HOME HENRI VEN DER VELDE
BECOMES DIRECTOR OF
WEIMER SCHOOL OF
ARTS AND CRAFTS BAKELITE (FIRST PLASTIC
MATERIAL) DEVELOPED PETER BEHRENS BEGINS
WORKING WITH AEG 1907-1909 GLASGOW SCHOOL OF ART STAGE TWO BY MACINTOSH FIRST FORD MODEL T FIRST ASSEMBLY LINE
AT FORD MOTOR COMPANY 1914-1918 FIRST WORLD WAR IN EUROPE DEUTSCHE WERKBUND
EXHIBITION IN COLOGNE DE STIJL FOUNDED RED AND BLUE CHAIR
BY GERRIT REITVELD LEAGUE OF NATIONS
(FORERUNNER TO UN)
IS FOUNDED SOCIAL REVOLUTION IN
GERMANY - A REPUBLIC
IS FOUNDED IN WEIMAR TREATY OF VERSIALLES WOMEN ARE GRANTED
THE VOTE IN THE UK BAUHAUS FOUNDED
BY WALTER GROPIUS
IN WEIMAR 1920s STEEL TUBING DEVELOPED
1920s USABLE CONCRETE DEVELOPED WOMEN ARE GRANTED
THE VOTE IN THE US HITLER ASSUMES
LEADERSHIP OF THE
NSDAP (NAZI) PARTY PIET MONDRIAN'S
"COMPOSITION" DE STIJL MEMBERS GO
TO WEIMMAR FOR VISIT THE PUTSCH - HILTLER SPENDS
TIME IN PRISON AFTER THE
NAZIS ATTEMPT TO SIEZE POWER BAUHAUS MOVED TO DESSAU LAZSLO MAHOLY
-NAGY JOINS BAUHAUS LE CORBUSIER WRITES "TOWARDS A NEW ARCHITECTURE" EXPOSITION DES ARTS
DECORATIF ET
INDUSTRIEL IN PARIS WASSILY CHAIR BY
MARCEL BREUER
AT THE BAUHAUS FIRST TUBULAR STEEL
CHAIR BY MARCEL BREUER ARCHITECTURE INTRODUCED
TO BAUHAUS CURRICULUM FIRST CANTILEVER
CHAIR BY MART STAM HANNES MAYER
BECOMES DRIECTOR
OF THE BAUHAUS WALL STREET CRASH -
THE START OF THE DEPRESSION 1929 1930 1932 1933 1934 1936 1939 FATUIEL GRAND CONFORT
BY LE CORBUSIER
AND COLLEAGUES LUDWIG MIES VAN
DER ROHE BECOMES
DIRECTOR OF
THE BAUHAUS BAUHAUS FORCED TO
CLOSE BY NAZI
ADMINSTRATION IN DESSAU HITLER BECOMES
CHANCELLOR (FUHRER)
OF GERMANY PORSCHE DESIGNS
VOLKSWAGEN PROTOTYPES NIKOLAUS PEVSNER
WRITES PIONEERS
OF MODERN DESIGN WALTER GROPIUS JOINS
HARVARD SCHOOL
OF ARCHITECTURE 1939-1946 SECOND WORLD WAR 1949 1951 1956 1960 WORLDS FAIR IN NEW YORK RATIONING ENDED IN UK 1950-1953 KOREAN WAR FESTIVAL OF BRITAIN 1961-1973 VIETNAM WAR WALTER GROPIUS WRITES
THE NEW ARCHITECTURE
AND THE BAUHAUS 1750s TURNPIKE TRUST SET UP TO IMPROVE ROADS 1923 1923 HENRI VAN DER VELDE 1884 MORRIS DESIGNED
WALLPAPER FOR ST
JAMES PALACE 1702 FRENCHMAN M. BION
OLDEST KNOWN
FOUNTAIN PEN THOMAS SAINT
SEWING MACHINE 1880 GEORGE EASTMAN -
DRY PLATE FORMULA 1885 GEORGE EASTMAN
MARKETED FIRST
COMMERCIAL FILM 1888 BOX BROWNIE
FIRST SNAP SHOT
CAMERA 1877 EDISON'S
PHONOGRAPH 1887 BERKINER'S
GRAMOPHONE 1817 HOBBY HORSE/
DRAISIENNES 1865 BONE SHAKER/
VELOCIPEDE 1870 PENNY FARTHING
(THE ORDINARY) 1890 JK.STARLING
ROVER SAFTEY
BYCICLE 1897 JOHN DUNLOP -
PNEUMATIC TYRES 1830 FIRST FUNCTIONAL
SEWING MACHINE 1834 HUNT - DOUBLE
THREAD SHUTTLE
MACHINE 1846 ISAAC SINGER -
FIRST LOCK STICH
SEWING MACHINE 1851 SINGER STARTED COMPANY 1809 PEREGRIN WILLIAMSON
FIRST AMERICAN
PATENT FOR A PEN 1819 BRITISH PATENT FOR
PEN, HALF QUILL -
HALF METAL 1831 JOHN JACOB PARKER
FIRST SELF-FILLING PEN 1884 LEWIS WATERMAN
FIRST PRACTICLE PEN 1867 CHRISTOFER SCHOLES
FIRST TYPEWRITER 1873 REMINGTON & SON'S
FIRST COMMERCIALLY
SUCCESSFUL TYPEWRITER 1873 SCHOLES & GLIDDEN
TYPEWRITER - QWERTY 1878 THE NO.2 CREATED -
CHANGED WORKPLACE 1878 NO.2 = WOMEN'S WHITE
COLLAR JOBS 1876 CARL VON LINDEN
PATENT PROCESS OF
LIQUIFYING GAS 1844 TELEGRAPH 1834 RAYMOND LOWEY
REDESIGNED FRIDGE
FOR SEA'S ROEBUCK 1844 FIRST TELEGRAPH
BETWEEN WASHINGTON
AND BALTIMORE 1870 EDISON INVENTED
MULTIPLEX TELEGRAPH 1876 ALEX GRAHAM BELL
FIRST PHONE IN
CANADA 1877 BELL TELEPHONE
COMPANY 1878 FIRST COMMERCIAL
TELEPHONE
EXCHANGE OPENED 1879 FIRST DIAL PLAN
PATENT 1918 KELVINATOR PRODUCED
IN USA, FIRST COMMERCIALLY
SUCCESSFUL FRIDGE 1860 PHILIP WEBB DESIGNED
RED HOUSE 1830 BRENTWOOD
TECHNIQUE INVENTED 1876 WILLIAM MORRIS FORMED
SOCIETY FOR PROTECTION
OF ANCIENT BUILDINGS 1876 DRESSER FIRST EUROPEAN
DESIGNER TO GO TO JAPAN 1875 LIBERTY & CO.
FOUNDED BY
ARTHUR LAZENBY 1868 CHARLES RENNIE
MACKINTOSH
BORN IN GLASGOW 1883 AEG FOUNDED
PETER BEHRENS 1891 BTB. KELMSCOTT
PRESS 1881 WILLIAM MORRIS
DESIGNED WALLPAPER
FOR ST. JAMES PALACE 1859 WILLIAM MORRIS
MARRIED JANE BURDEN 1871 MORRIS MOVED WORKSHOP
FROM LONDON TO THE
COTSWALDS 1874 DRESSER WON PLACE AT
GOV. SCHOOL OF DESIGN 1854 DRESSER LEFT COLLEGE DRESSER DECLARED HE
HAD THE LARGEST DESIGN
PRACTICE IN THE KINGDOM 1871 1800's NEWYORK EXHIBITION
SEASON 1877 1882 DRESSER PUBLISHED
"JAPAN, ITS ART,
ARCHITECTURE AND
ART MANUFACTURERS" 1880 DRESSER APPOINTED ART
MANAGER FOR ART
FURNISHERS ALLIANCE 1904 DRESSER DIED CHARLES RENNIE
MACKINTOSH DIED 1928 CHARLES RENNIE MACKINTOSH
WON COMP. TO DESIGN BUILDING FOR GLASGOW SCHOOL OF ART 1896 1913 MACKINTOSH MOVED
TO LONDON 1923 MACKINTOSH MOVED
TO SOUTH OF FRANCE
TO PAINT 1740 NEO CLASSICAL STYLES 1832 BRITISH PRIME MINISTER
OPENED THE NATIONAL
GALLERY 1835 FIRST IMAGES BY
WILLIAM HENRY
FOX TALBUT 1837 FIRST IMAGES BY
LOUISE DAGUERRE 1900 FIRST ELECTRIC
WASHING MACHINES 1907 ALVA FISHER DESIGNED
THOR ELECTRIC WASHING
MACHINE 1911 OSCILLATING CYLINDER
MACHINES WITH METAL
OR WOODEN PANNELS 1861 MANGLE INVENTED 1847 WILLIAM HENSON
INVENTED THE FIRST
HOE TYPE RAZOR 1907 KAMPF BROTHERS PATENT
THE FIRST SAFTEY RAZOR 1895 GILLETTE'S RAZOR 1904 GILLETTE RECEIVED PATENT
FOR SAFTEY RAZOR 1903 PRODUCTION OF
GILLETTES RAZORS 1901 HUBERT BOOTH INVENTED
THE VACUUM CLEANER 1907 SPENGLER CREATED ONE
PERSON VACUUM CLEANER 1871 CHARLES BABBAGE DIED
(ANALYTICAL ENGINE) 1935 ALAN TURING
(TURING MACHINE) 1939 DIGITAL EQUIPMENT
USED FOR PHONES 1938 THOMAS FLOWERS WORKED ON HIGH SPEED DIGITAL DATA SYSTEM 1943 COLLUSUS (ELECTRONIC
DIGITAL COMPUTER 1940 FISH CODE USED IN
PREFERENCE OVER
MORSE CODE 1943 COLLUSUS I INSTALLED
AT BLETCHLEY PARK LAST COLLUSUS
STOPPED RUNNING 1945 TURING JOINED NATIONAL
PHYSICAL LABRATORY
IN LONDON 1950 ACE PILOT (COMPUTER) 1943 F.C. WILLIAMS & TOM
KILBURN - MANCHESTER
BABY 1945 ENIAC - FIRST COMPUTER
INSTALLED IN USA 1968 DOUGLAS ENGLEBART FIRST
SHOWING OF A 'GUI' COMPUTER 1970 PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTRE 1973 PARC'S ALTO COMPUTER 1981 XEROX STAR 8010 DOCUMENT
PROCESSOR RELEASED (ALTO) 1976 STEVE JOBS & STEVE
WOZNIAK - GUI
EXPERIMENT 1983 CUI COMPUTER
"LISA" RELEASED 1985 BILL GATES RELEASED
WINDOWS COMPUTER 1990 WINDOWS VERSION 3.0
POPULARITY PEAKS 1892 HENRY FORD BUILT FIRST
GASOLINE ENGINE CAR 1903 FORD MOTOR COMPANY
FORMED 1922 TUTANKHARMEN'S TOMB
DISCOVERED IN EGYPT 1934 MACHINE ART
EXHIBITION NEWYORK 1930 TEAGUE DESIGNS MARMON
16 AUTOMOBILE 1939 GOLDEN GATE
INTERNATIONAL
EXPOSITION 1930 RAYMONDE LOEWY
SET UP DESIGN OFFICE 1915 THE ORIGINAL COKE
BOTTLE DESIGN 1934 BILL GEDDES WORKED
ON REDESIGN OF
CHRYSTLER AIRFLOW 1944 COUNCIL OF INDUSTRIAL
DESIGN ESTABLISHED IN
BRITAIN 1946 GORDON RUSSEL BECOMES
DIRECTOR OF COUNCIL OF ID 1957 UK ERGONOMICS
SOCIETY FOUNDED 1921 BRAUN ESTABLISHED 1945 BRAUN BRANCHES OUT
TO HOUSEHOLD PRODUCTS 1972 RCA BECOMES DEPARTMENT
OF DESIGN RESEARCH 1955 SONY PRODUCES FIRST
ALL TRANSISTOR RADIO 1942 DUPONT - POLYESTER
AND POLYTHENE 1950 DUPONT - FIBERGLASS
AND NYLON 1950 EARL TUPPER - FLEXIBLE
PLASTIC WARE 1945 EERO SAARINEN -
STACKABLE CHAIRS 1948 EERO SAARINEN -
WOMB CHAIR 1957 EERO SAARINEN'S LAST
DESIGN - TULIP CHAIR 1957 SPUTNIK 1969 MOON LANDING -
APOLLO 11 1959 SONY PRODUCED FIRST
TRANSISTOR TELEVISION 1979 SONY WALKMAN 1981 EXHIBITION OF
MEMPHIS GROUP
(POST MODERN) 1981 SOTTSASS FORMS MEMPHIS
GROUP OF YOUNG DESIGNERS
AND ARCHITECTS 1985 PHILIPPE STARK -
TIPPY JACKSON TABLE 1960 1850's STANDARDISATION AND INTERCHANGABILITY ART NOUVEAU ART DECO ARTS & CRAFTS MATTHEW
MCNAUGHTON
N4999304 DNB502 1900's
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