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Yin Yang, the 5 elements and the Zang Organs

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João Nóbrega

on 20 November 2013

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Transcript of Yin Yang, the 5 elements and the Zang Organs

The five elements and its Cycles
The theory of yin yang,
considers the world as a whole and that whole is the result of the contradictory unity of the two principles, yin and yang.

Su wen (chapter 5) states:
"The sky is pure yang, yin earth is cloudy. Earth Qi rises like a cloud, the Qi of heaven descends like rain."
Su Wen (Chapter 5): "The exaggerated yin becomes yang, the exaggerated yang becomes yin.
Yin and yang, have a natural growth and decrease so a physiological activity is yang to occur, and it is necessary to consume nourishing yin matter.
Reciprocal relationship of yin and yang
Su Wen (Chapter 5): "The yin is inside, and is a supporter of the yang, yang is abroad, so it is the envoy of the yin."
Su wen (Chapter 5): The yin is stronger, when the yang is weak, yang is stronger when yin is weak.
The basic elements of the theory of yin and yang
The opposition of yin and yang
Produces form
More material/dense
Non-material, rarefied
Produces energy
Yin yang and TCM:
Su Wen(Chapter 5): yin is calm, the yang is controlled, the essential spirit (Shen Jing), can then be normal.
The upper part of the body belongs to yang, the lower the yin, the surface of the body belongs to yang, yin to the interior, the dorsal part belongs to yang, the ventral part of the yin, the yang outside the internal to yin.
The distinction of yin and yang in the Zang fu : The six Fu viscera are yang , the five Zang organs are yin . Inside the five organs, yang is heart and lung ,Yin is theliver , spleen and kidney, and each Zang fu there is a cardiac Yin and a cardiac Yang,, Kidney yin and kidney yang .
The reinforcement of a yin or yang aspect entails the weakening of the other aspect.
Weakness constitutional yin or yang strengthen the opposite aspect, according to the formula: "Deficient yin, yang inconceivable. Deficient Yang , yin is flourishing." .
Weakness of the two simultaneous aspects .
Change one aspect the opposite aspect.
At diagnosis :A fresh complexion is yang,, yin is sallow complexion.
A powerful sound to the yang..
A faint sound to yin.
A pulse floating , strong , sliding , full , belong to yang .
A deep pulse , delayed , small , rough , empty , belongs to yin.
The Five Elements
The five elements theory believes that the universe is formed by the movement and transformation of the five principles represented by: Wood, Fire, Earth, Metal and Water.
Liver function is to regulate and draining .The liver belongs to wood. Its Fu is gall bladder. Emotion is anger.
The yang of the heart has the function of warming, heart belongs to fire.

The Spleen is the origin of births and transformations, spleen belongs to earth. The emotion is pensiveness or over-thinking.
Lung qi has the function to purify and bring down, Lung belongs to the metal. The emotion is Grief.
The kidneys have the function of "water control and contain the Jing, kidneys belong to water. The emotion is fear.
Use in the diagnosis and treatment.
Na Jing states: "When we see a liver disease, it is known that the liver can transmit it to the spleen, So first of all, it will enrich the spleen qi." (Thanks to the relationship in which the liver (wood) dominates the Spleen (earth), liver function may spread to the spleen, so first you need to enrich the earth qi of the spleen).
"To keep the body in balance should strengthen the Earth to produce Metal.
Moisten the Water to keep the Wood irrigated.
Sustaining the Earth to contain the Wood.
Fortify Water to contain the Fire."
Law "Production-Domination-Aggression-Outrage"
Sheng Cycle

Ke Cycle
Cheng Cycle
Anti-Ke Cycle
(Mother and child Relationship)
Both theories are ancient and well developed since that time . Both of them show us a different perspective about the universe, the world and the human body.
In its long course of development, it has absorbed the quintessence of classical chinese philosophy, culture and science .
It is rich in theory and practical.
The Monarch of all organs
Externally and internally connects to small intestine. The emotion is Joy.
Dominating the blood and vessels, Controlling the mind (Shen)
The heart opens into the tongue and its external manifestation is on the face. Sweat is the fluid.
Source of Qi and Blood
Govern the transportation and transformation of water, food and water fluids. Controls the blood.
The Spleen dominates the muscles and the four limbs. Opens into the mouth and manifests on the lips.
The canopy
Dominates Qi and controls respiration, dominates the qi of the respiration, Dominates dispersing and descending, regulates water passage and its the meeting place for blood vessels and has a regulating function.
The Lung controls skin and manifest in body hair.
The pre-natal base of life or The residence of the Zhi (WillPower)
Stores the Jing and rules birth, development and reproduction. Governs water and water passageways, controls inspiration and the grasping of Qi.
Opens into the ears and dominating anterior and posterior orifices, manifest in the head hair and the fluid is sputum.
The House of Hun
Maintaining the free flow of Qi, promote digstive functions of stomach ad spleen, regulates the mental activity and stores blood.
Liver manifest in nails and is related to tendon, the liver opens to the eyes.
Fu: Stomach
Fu: Large intestine
Urinary bladder
Lei Jing Tu Yi states: "In nature, the existence and changes can not be realized without production and without restriction. With no creation, nothing can grow and bear fruit without restriction, excessive development is harmful."
There is a reciprocal relationship between the five elements, similarly to the yin and yang. Through its conflict which gives rise to a relative and dynamic balance, which allows the creation of development and transformation of objects.
Shang Shu Da Chuan: "Water and fire, is what people drink and eat . Metal and wood is what he produces. Earth is what generates the ten thousand things , which is useful to man."
( Cycle Ke ) The order of dominance is: Wood dominates the Earth, the Earth dominates the Water, the Water dominates the fire, the fire dominates the metal, the metal dominates the earth.
( Sheng Cycle ) The order is Promotion: Wood creates Fire, Fire creates Earth , Earth creates Metal , Metal creates water and water creates wood.
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