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Transcript of Ancient Greece
Mycanae and the rest of Greece attacked Troy and the war lasted for 10 years! Man-Killing Hector (trojan) and Achilles (Greek) were the best warriors. During this time, Greek cities were ruled by kings.
Homer's book, the Iliad tells the story of this war.
A few hundred years after the war, these cities fall (are destroyed) The Rise of the Polis Different Types of Government in city-states. A Tyranny is when one person makes all the decisions for the city state. That person is called a tyrant.
An aristocracy is when a polis is ruled by wealthy powerful men. A wealthy powerful man is called an Aristocrat.
An Oligarchy is when a polis is ran by a small group of powerful people. An Oligarch is a powerful ruler.
A Democracy is when the power is held by all citizens. Everybody votes to make the decisions. Democracy means rule by the many. Athens and Sparta The two most famous city states in Ancient Greece were Athens and Sparta. They were pretty much the opposite of each other. City-states started to rise in Greece
City-states were cities and the surrounding countryside
Greece was not one country but a bunch of different city states.
Each city state had its own government. Geography Greece was seperated by many mountains and by the Agean sea.
This kept the greeks from forming one large empire like the Chinese. Instead they formed small city-states. In 594 B.C.E Solon made it so all Male citizens in Athens voted A citizen is a legal member of a community that votes, pays taxes, and fights in wars. Pericles was another famous democratic ruler of Athens who gave a famous speech called the "Funeral Oration" "Our constitution is called a democracy because power is in the hands of not a small group of people but all the people. Everyone is equal before the law. We are free and tolerant and we follow the law." Athens