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APA Topic 3
Transcript of APA Topic 3
But on second and subsequent references, or for a source with six or more authors, use only the first author with "et al."
If no author is named, use instead:
the name of an authoring organization
the title of the article, book, paper, or publication (shortened if lengthy)
page number, for direct quotations
APA papers generally have a lot of in-text citations
because all quotes, paraphrases, concepts, ideas, and facts must be attributed to their sources.
To quote a passage longer than 40 words, set the material off as a block quote.
The date should immediately follow the author, whether named in the sentence or in parentheses.
and because source ideas plus your ideas =
because referring to sources allows you to demonstrate your knowledge and show the context for your ideas.
You can name the author in the sentence.
Or you can cite the author in parentheses at the end of the phrase or sentence.
For a source with two authors, name both.
For a source with three to five authors, name all on first reference.
Use lowercase letters to distinguish between multiple sources by same author with same year of publication.
Use original publication and republication dates for a republished source.
Use n.d. for "no date."
Use & only inside parentheses (and in the references list at the end of the document).
Separate multiple citations with a semicolon.
Cite the page number(s) to indicate where the quote appears in the source.
Use paragraph numbers when quoting unpaginated sources.
Note the placement of the sentence-ending period before the final citation.
Topic 3: In-text Citations
Giving credit to sources in your paper.
If paragraphs are not numbered and counting them is cumbersome, indicate the quote's location within the source in another logical way. For example, you might indicate
a section heading (shortened if lengthy) that appears above the material you're quoting
the number of the paragraph within that section
Need more citation help?
The Writing Center
On the Web
The Purdue OWL
Vanguard University's APA Style Essentials
APA Style Blog