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Transcript of African-American Art
"Gone Gone, An Historical Romance of a Civil War as It Occurred Between the Dusky Thighs of One Young Negress and Her Heart" was featured in the Museum of Modern Art. Ameerah Mosley
Alexis Dulan Defining Black Art: the 70s, 80s, 90s Continued 1980's African American Art Continued 1980's African American Art What is Black Art? Photography A Look Into African American Art in the 1980s Video Art There is no clear definition for Black Art, but rather, the meaning is ever evolving. Within in each period, we find that there are common characteristics such as political, societal, and cultural shifts that make Black Art Black Art. The different eras include:
Black Arts Movement/Civil Rights Movement:1963-1986
Post-Black Art:1993-Present What's up with the 70's? African-American artists in the 1970's confronted many insidious images by depicting them in their art but changing their attributes or surroundings.
Many artists relied on historical events or socio-political issues as inspiration for their work.
What is post modernism? -Jean Michael Basquiat - Famous Moon King, 1984-1985 PAINTING - Adrian Piper - Vanilla Nightmares no. 8, 1986 Sculpture - Alison Saar - Zombies, Totems, Rootmen, and Others, 1988 The End! Please take some time to fill
out your word search! - Pat Ward Williams - Accused/Blowtorch/Padlock, 1986 Harlem Renaissance: 1918-1937 Alaine Locke, a critical scholar to the New Negro Movement wanted for Blacks to create their own "school" of art. James Porter, another scholar at the time believed that artists should be free to create whatever they desire. Black Arts Movement/ Civil Rights Movement: 1963-1986 Postmodernism 1983-1993 Post Modernism was a time that allowed for artists to begin to explore their own holistic identity in addition to their blackness. Artist began to imbue their art work with a variety of symbols and iconography. In addition, they explored more within the 3D realm. Post-Black Art 1993-Present Black Art during this time was an attempt to deter themselves away from anything that could be perceived as White. Artists were creating overtly Black images. Artists who created abstraction in their artwork was rejected by other artists Edmund Gaither, a curator, attempted to define Black Art during this time by separating it into two categories:
Realistic/ Militant style
Neo Africanism Post-Black Art is a concept of contradictions that allows for artists to create their own artwork to incorporate their multiple identities and experiences. The artists choose to focus on their Blackness, by not focusing on their Blackness. This term and its understanding is still in a heated debate amongst scholars presently. Post-Black artists include people such as Kehinde Wiley and Wangechi Mutu. 90's and Beyond 90's and Beyond! Influential Events of the 90s 1990 Nelson Mandela freed from prison
1991 The Civil Rights Act of 1991
1992 Los Angeles Riots occur
1993 Toni Morrison- first Black American to win Nobel Peace Prize in Literature
1994 Nelson Mandela elected president of South Africa
1995 Carol Mosley-Braun becomes first Black female senator
1996 Vincent Smith
- Brooklyn native
- Took after expressionist styles of Jacob Lawrence and Cubist/abstract styles of Romare Bearden and Norman Lewis Post- Black Art Movement Thelma Golden created the term.
In 2001, the phrase was explained in detail in the exhibition catalogue for The Studio Museum in Harlem’s exhibition entitled "Freestyle." Freestyle was an exhibition that showcased twenty-eight up and coming artists of African American backgrounds.
Golden defined post-black art as that which includes artists who are “adamant about not being labeled ‘black’ artists, though their work was steeped, in fact deeply interested, in redefining complex notions of blackness.” Women in the 1970s
Kara Walker - There were not a lot of black female artists who were being recognized for their work at art exhibitions or galleries.
- Faith Ringgold sought to remedy this situation.
-She along with 6 other black female artists founded Where We At (WWA).
WAA sought to empower black femal artists by providing a means for them to express themselves freely. Injustice Case by David Hammon - Pays tribute to the 1969 "Chicago Seven"
- Symbol of civil liberty abuses and social injustices http://www.pbs.org/art21/artists/kara-walker