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Music Therapy Overview

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by

Charlotte Stewart

on 29 August 2014

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Transcript of Music Therapy Overview

Music Therapy
Music Therapy is the clinical and evidence-based use of music interventions to accomplish individualized goals within a therapeutic relationship by a credentialed professional who has completed an approved music therapy program. -AMTA
Music therapy can also help to relieve pain and reduce stress and anxiety, resulting in physiological changes, including:
Improved respiration
Lower blood pressure
Improved cardiac output
Reduced heart rate
Relaxed muscle tension
Music Therapy can be implemented in a group or individual setting.
#3 Music therapy is used in physical rehabilitation settings to:
improve physical functioning by providing motivation and purpose for movement
improve communication skills- goth receptive and expressive
to improve cognitive functioning
to improve social and emotional functioning
to improve self-confidence and quality of life
Music Therapists can work together with the family and other therapists and medical professionals when setting goals and objectives to ensure that the client receives the best and most effective care possible.
Where does treatment take place:
In hospitals
In long-term care facilities
In day-care facilities
In rehabilitation centers
In clinics
In the home of an individual client
Support groups

What Do Music Therapists Do?
Assessment
: Both quantitative and qualitative information is obtained that is relevant to client needs.

Treatment Planning
: Short and long term goals are established and music therapy strategies are developed to address these goals.

Implementation
: Evidence-based music therapy strategies and interventions are provided to address the set goals and objectives.

Evaluation and Documentation
: Data is collected, compiled, and documented to record the responses and progress of the client. The findings are used when making decisions about music therapy services.
Singing
singing-to-speaking
Songwriting
Fill-in-the blank songs
Song parodies
Lyric analysis
Specific movements to music (entrainment),
Playing of variety of instruments including
Percussion instruments,
Musical sequencing activities, etc.

Each session is tailored to the strengths, weaknesses, needs, goals, and music preferences for the client.
Types of interventions used:
Retrain the brain
Helps create new pathways
Contributes to learning
Facilitates self expression and motivate.
Assists in improving
Physical/motor
Emotional
Social
Cognitive functioning
Communication skills
Music activates many areas of the brain at the same time!
Dignity Health Chimes Choir-Ringers of Hope
“Music therapy enables people to sometimes put words together in ways that are hard for them to do otherwise. ...[I]t often seems to be easier if [the patient] has the
rhythm
and
cadence
that comes along with music. Particularly with people with certain kinds of
neurological deficits
I think that [music therapy] can be very helpful. The music seems to get through to the patient and in many ways it enables [the patient] to get through to us which [may be] very hard to do with any other modality.”
Susan Shurin, M.D., Chief of Pediatric-Hematology, Oncology at the Ireland Cancer Center
in Cleveland, Ohio
“[T]he degree to which function can be recovered is phenomenal and we are just tapping into the extent that we can get recovery following stroke or injury or disease. We hope that music might play a particularly important role in helping [the regeneration of] those cells, in helping the individual learn to interpret the pattern and essentially to help that person learn again.
Joseph Arezzo, PhD, Vice Chair, Department of Neuroscience, Albert Einstein College of
Medicine, New York

NMT is a form of music therapy developed for people suffering from cognitive, sensory, or motor dysfunctions - arising from neurological diseases of the nervous system.
Neurological Music Therapy (NMT)....What is it?
Sufferers of:
Stroke
Traumatic brain injury
Parkinson's and Huntington's disease
Cerebral palsy
Alzheimer's disease
Autism
Other neurological diseases affecting cognition, movement, and communication
e.g. MS, Muscular Dystrophy, etc.

Treatment techniques are based on scientific research are directed towards functional therapeutic goals.
Who benefits from NMT?
Treatment is based on research evidence (best practice standards)
Is firmly integrated in evidence-based medicine
Is reimbursable (CPT:NMT Codes)
NMT...
SENSORIMOTOR REHABILITATION
RAS (Rhythmic Auditory Stimulus)
PSE (Patterned Sensory Enhancement)
TIMP (Therapeutic Instrumental Music Performance)

SPEECH AND LANGUAGE REHABILITATION
MIT (Melodic Intonation Therapy)
MUSTIM (Musical Speech Stimulation)
RSC (Rhtymic Speech Cuing)
VIT (Vocal Intonation Therapy)
TS (Therapeutic Singing)
OMREX (Oral Motor and Respitory Exercises)
DSLM (Developmental Speech and language Training Through Music)
SYCOM (Symbolic Communication Training Through Music)
COGNITIVE REHABILITATION
MSOT (Musical Sensory Orientation Training)
MNT (Musical Neglect Training)
APT (Auditory Perception Training)
MACT (Musical Attention Control Training
MMT (Musical Mnemonics Training
EM (Echoic Memory)
ANMT (Associative Mood and Memory Training)
MEFT (Musical Executive Function Training)
MPC (Music Psychotherapy and Counseling)
Full transcript