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The Cold War: The Cold War on the Homefront
Transcript of The Cold War: The Cold War on the Homefront
Fear of communists and paranoia that communists were trying to destroy the US (McCarthyism) ran rampant in the US during the 1950s. The spread of McCarthyism ruined many people’s lives guilty or non-guilty. Today we will:imagine how they would feel if a Senator announced that terrorists have infiltrated the government
complete a guided worksheet about the McCarthyism documentary
describe how McCarthyism caused paranoia
identify how the Red Scare affected American society Focus Questions:
1. How did McCarthyism cause paranoia?
2. How did fear of domestic communism affect American society during the Cold War? The Cold War
Homefront Paranoia! 1. Americans were worried communists both outside and inside the US were trying to destroy the country (Red Scare) 2. House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC was created during WWII to investigate possible Nazis, fascists, and communists
a. after WWII, public hearings continued to investigate communist activities in the US 3. HUAC targeted the movie industry
4. People could be "blacklisted"
a. blacklist: a list of people who shouldn't be hired because of their suspected communist ties 5. People could be fired from their jobs from being accused of being a communist or even socializing with a suspected communist
a. caused widespread paranoia and mistrust The Rosenbergs 1. from poor, lower east side of Manhattan
2. accused of passing atomic bomb secrets to the Soviets
3. trials were highly publicized and based off very little evidence except the word of a former spy 4. both were found guilty and electrocuted
a. many Americans celebrated this
5. evidence that later came out proved Julius to be guilty however, Ethel's role was very minor
a. some believe her execution was too harsh a sentence for her McCarthyism 1. Senator Joe McCarthy claimed to have a list of known communists in the US government
a. got a lot of attention from Americans
2. witch hunt began to find and try communists in the government 3. McCarthy's charges were extreme and impulsive, often based on little to no evidence
4. caused many people to lose their jobs and ruined many people's reputations
5. people began to lose trust in McCarthy when he began accusing the military of having too many communists 6. Americans watched McCarthy on TV bully the accused and began to dislike him
7. he was censured by Congress and lost all his influence
8. died from alcoholism in 1957