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Hiroshima and Nagasaki Bombing
Transcript of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Bombing
Images from Shutterstock.com Where did the bombing occur? The atomic bombing took place in the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
The reason why Hiroshima was chosen was because of military base, industrial city, and it had not been touched during the war.
Nagasaki wasn't the original city that was chosen, it was Koura What actually happened? Little Boy Hiroshima $ Nagasaki Bombing By: Altmish Khan and Rebecca Trinh Who? When did the battle take place? The battle lasted from August 6-9 1945, which were the last stages of world war II. On May 8 , the war in Europe had ended, but the Pacific war continued. The allies that were involved in this battle were the United States, Great Britain and China.
Japan was the target for this bombing Why? Japan attacked Pearl Harbour
President Truman signed Potsdam declaration, calling for Japans surrender
The Potsdam Declaration was signed by President Truman, Prime Minister Attlee, and Chiang Kai-Shek, President of the National Government of China
Japan ignored the warning, even knowing what the consequences could be. The first choice, Hiroshima was bombed on August 6, 1845 at 8:15 am. Enola Gay, the plane that carried the bomb, dropped it 1,900 feet above the city
Hiroshima = Little Boy
On August 9, 1945, at 11:02 am, another B-29 bomber, Bockscar , was dropped over Nagasaki
Nagasaki = Fat Man
Codename = the Manhattan Project Constructed by the Manhattan Project during World War II
Got its explosive power from nuclear fission of uranium 235
Exploded with an energy of 16 kilotons of TNT
Weighed about 9,700 pound
Had never been fully tested
The only test took place on July 16 1945 at the Trinity test Fat Man Weighed about 10, 200 pounds
Twice as big as Little Boy
Destructive capability of 22 kilotons of TNT
Implosion type device that used plutonium 239 Aftermath: Hiroshima $ Nagasaki 90% of the population wiped away
90 000 - 166 000 people died on the first day
The rest = radiation sickness JAPAN'S REACTION Why didn't Japan surrender in the First Place? Geography = terrain
Caused one third of the city destroyed
60 000 - 80 000 people died on the first day On the day of explosion...
60% died from flash.flames burns
30% from falling debris
10% dies from other illnesses Following Months...
15-20% from radiation sicknesses
20-30% died from burns
50-60% died from other illnesses Six days after the bombing in Nagasaki, the Japanese government surrendered
Signed the treaty of instrument of surrender
Ended World War II Pacific war between Japan and the Allies of World War II had reached its fourth year
Allies had defeated Germany
Japan promised to keep fighting, even though had a little chance of winning Worldviews... Economy was destroyed
Idea changed towards other countries
Hate contact with the Americans
Geography cities Sources... http://www.infoplease.com/spot/hiroshima1.html