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The Abbasid Dynasty

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meredith D

on 9 May 2011

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Transcript of The Abbasid Dynasty

General Info The Abbasids came into power in 750 C.E. A "Golden" Period Began: rise of the abbasid caliphate and moving of the capital Overthrew previous caliphate (system of gov.) of the Umayyads Muslim world becomes an intellectual center for science, philosophy, medicine and education 750 A.D. - 1258 A.D. The Abbasid Dynasty Politics After overthrowing Umayyads in 775 C.E., The Abbasids became allies with Shi'ites Advancements made because of cultural diversity accepted in Islamic governments Caliphs, Muslim political and reigious leaders, interpreted the Qu'ran into Arabic Abbasid dynasty showed leadership and concern for Islam An Abbasid Coin The Moving of The Capital Abbasid Empire comes to an end in 1258 C.E. 762 C.E. More Politics Abbasids develop a strong bureaucracy Had a treasury-- kept track of money flow Abbasids had taxes on land, imports, exports, and non-muslim's wealth Moving of the capital to Baghdad gave the empire access to trade goods, gold and info Unhappy Muslims from the previous Ummayad dynasty found a leader in Abu al-Abbas (founder of the Abbasid dynasty) City reached height under caliph Harun al-Rashid (786-809) Economic Baghdad was on the Tigris river giving the Abbasids access to the sea and therefore trade began Busy market courtyards sold goods from Europe, Africa and Asia Social Persian traditions influenced Arab life In the empire, Islam remained the religion and Arabic the language Decline of the Abbasid Caliphate Starting in 800s, the Abbasid's control over the Arab empire was beginning to fall apart Caliph's powers declined-- civil wars began and Shiite rulers took control over parts of the empire The End of the Empire As the 1200s were ending, the Arab Empire had fallen Across North Africa and Spain were independent Muslim states and caliphates Abu al-Abbas From Damascus to Baghdad These next three groups played a great role in weakening the empire... The Mamluks Originally a slave army formed by the Abbasids made up of Turkish slaves They became too powerful and around the late 800s began to take over parts of the empire The Seljuk Turks A tribe of Turkish people 900s- invade the empire and for a while take control of Baghdad (greatly weakening the empire) The Mongols The "final blow" for the Abbasid empire The mongols end the empire in 1258 C.E. when they take Baghdad Scholars in Baghdad translated greek literature and expanded on several Greek ideas
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