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Dental Caries

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Hilda Polo

on 19 June 2013

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Transcript of Dental Caries

By: Hilda Polo
Dental Caries
Treatment of cavities depends on how severe they are and your particular situation.
Treatment:
The combination of bacteria and food causes Dental Caries.
How to Prevent it?!

•Brush your teeth at least 2 times a day with fluoride toothpaste.
•Use dental floss to clean between your teeth at least once a day.
•Rinse your mouth with water or mouthwash after meals and snacks.
•Chew sugarless gum after meals and snacks.
•See your dentist regularly for dental cleanings and oral exams.
What is Dental caries?
Dental caries are also called cavities. Cavities are caused by bacteria. When the bacteria in tooth plaque (sticky film) mix with certain types of carbohydrate, this creates acid. The acid breaks down areas of enamel, which covers the outside of a tooth. This creates a small hole in the tooth called a cavity.
What causes it??



Gel-Kam rinse is used for:
Preventing cavities.
Gel-Kam rinse is a fluoride rinse. It works by strengthening the teeth and decreasing the effects of acid and bacteria on the teeth.

Diet
:
High intake of sugar and carbs.
Poor oral hygiene: not brushing.
Smoking
:
tobacco smoke interferes with production of saliva, which helps keep the surface of your teeth clean
Dry mouth
:
People who have lower levels of saliva in their mouth are at higher risk of developing tooth decay, because saliva helps to keep the surface of your teeth clean.
5-
Tooth extractions
. Some teeth become so severely decayed that they can't be restored — they must be removed.
it includes:
1-
Fluoride treatments. Fluoride is a mineral that helps teeth repair themselves at the earliest stage of damage. If your cavity is just getting started, a fluoride treatment may be able to help restore your tooth's enamel.
2-
Fillings.
A filling is material that replaces decayed areas of your teeth once damage becomes permanent. Fillings, sometimes called restorations, are the main treatment option when decay has progressed beyond the earliest enamel-erosion stage.
3-
Crowns.

If you have extensive decay or weakened teeth, you may need a crown rather than a filling to treat your cavity and restore your tooth. A crown is a custom-fitted covering that replaces your tooth's entire natural crown.
4-
Root canals
. When decay reaches the inner material of your tooth (pulp), you may need a root canal. In this procedure, the tooth pulp is removed and replaced with a filling.


Most dentists recommend regular checkups to identify cavities ( dental caries) and other dental conditions before they cause troubling symptoms and lead to more-serious problems. The sooner you seek care, the better your chances of reversing the earliest stages of tooth decay and preventing its progression.
If you're experiencing pain or sensitivity in your teeth, make an appointment with your dentist as soon as possible.
Dentist Appointments:
Dental Emergency
A dental emergency is a type of medical emergency involving the teeth or gingiva. Pain involving these parts of the mouth, even when minor, can indicate a severe underlying problem that could worsen with time. It is important to contact a dentist as soon as possible for a professional evaluation to minimize damage to the teeth, gums, and the supporting bone. Short-term action can be taken to relieve oral pain, which can be very severe.
**
Dental caries do not require dental emergency.
However, Seek care immediately or call 911 if:
•Your face, jaw, cheek, eye, or neck begin to swell.
Oral Hygiene
1-
Cleaning
--Teeth cleaning is the removal of dental plaque and tartar from teeth to prevent dental caries, gingivitis, and gum disease.
2- Plaque is a yellow sticky film that forms on the teeth and gums and can be seen at gum margins of teeth with a food dye. The bacteria in plaque convert carbohydrates in food (such as sugar) into acid that demineralizes teeth, eventually causing cavities
(dental caries).
3-
An interdental brush, also called an interproximal brush or a proxy brush, is a small brush, typically disposable, either supplied with a reusable angled plastic handle or an integral handle, used for cleaning between teeth and between the wire of dental braces and the teeth.
medicine for dental caries can be:
1- ACT Restoring Mouthwash Cinnamon (fluoride topical)---Fluoride is a substance that strengthens tooth enamel. This helps to prevent dental cavities.
Fluoride topical is used as a medication to prevent tooth decay in patients that have a low level of fluoride topical in their drinking water

2-
Epiflur™ (sodium fluoride)--sodium fluoride acts systemically (before tooth eruption) and topically (post eruption) by increasing tooth resistance to acid dissolution, by promoting remineralization, and by inhibiting the cariogenic microbial process.
3-
Gel-Kam rinse is used for:
Preventing cavities.
Gel-Kam rinse is a fluoride rinse. It works by strengthening the teeth and decreasing the effects of acid and bacteria on the teeth.
Pictures of Dental Caries,
The End!!
Signs and Symptoms:
PAIN!! The deeper the decay, the more intense the pain.

-The presence of a small pit, or hole, in the tooth.
-Food deposits between teeth.
-Sensitivity to hot and cold food and beverages.
-Bad breath (halitosis).
-Bitter taste in the mouth.
-Swelling of the gums.
Other symptoms associated with caries are:
To conclude: Cavities also know as dental caries are caused by bacteria. Diet, Poor oral hygiene, dry mouth, and smoking are some of the main reasons to get dental caries. Pain is the main symptom of dental caries. However, other symptom such as the swelling of the gums can be present.
There are many ways to prevent dental caries, such as brushing the teeth at least 2 times a day with fluoride toothpaste and healthy diet. If people could not prevent the dental caries, there are many ways to treat it. Treatment of cavities depends on how severe they are and your particular situation.
Most dentists recommend regular checkups to identify cavities and other dental conditions before they cause troubling symptoms and lead to more-serious problems.
Citation:
-A.D.A.M., R. J. D. D. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001055.htm
-Paul Fotek, D. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002050/

-CDC. (n.d.). Retrieved from website: http://www.cdc.gov/OralHealth/publications/factsheets/dental_caries.htm
-(n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cavities/DS00896/DSECTION=causes
-(n.d.). Retrieved from http://painresourcecenter.com/en_int_baa_symptoms.asp
-(n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.drugs.com/cg/dental-caries.html
-(n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.healthyteeth.org/cavities/cavities.html
-. Retrieved from http://health.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/dental-cavities/overview.html
-Nagel, R. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.naturalnews.com/022564_cavities_root_canals.html
-(n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Teeth_and_drug_use
-(n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.aquafreshscienceacademy.com/oral-health/enamel-protection/dental-cavities.html
-(n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/hygiene/disease/dental_caries.html
-Choices , N. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Dental-decay/Pages/Introduction.aspx
-(n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.umm.edu/ency/article/001055.htm
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