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BIBL 102 (Su ‘18) T09 - Are There Different Levels of Meaning?

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Hartmut Scherer

on 28 May 2018

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Transcript of BIBL 102 (Su ‘18) T09 - Are There Different Levels of Meaning?

and Meaning

Who Controls the Meaning of a Text?
The wonderful Wizard of Oz
. . .
a simple story of good vs. evil (
or a political satire (
Reader response
reader is the one who determines the meaning
Authorial intention
stresses the author in the determination of meaning
issue: Communication
(Adapted from Zondervan Academic Resources for "Grasping God's Word)
Should we view these texts as communication?
To ignore the author’s intention in texts that should be viewed as communication can have serious negative consequences for the reader.
Central question:
Definitions and the Interpretive Journey
With reference to the Bible, the term “author” refers to both the human and divine author. God works through human authors.
This term refers to what the
author intended to communicate
when he wrote the text. Meaning will be the
same for all Christians
This is the
response of the reader
to the author’s meaning communicated in the text.
Application will vary
from Christian to Christian.
Discovering what the author meant
For proper interpretation (communication) to take place, we must discover what the author meant.
Literary Genre
Word Studies
Controlling the Meaning
If we view the text as communication between the author
and the reader, we
should follow the
authorial intention approach.
If we don’t care what the author is
trying to communicate,
we are free to follow the

reader response approach.
Is the Bible merely
inspiring literature?
Or is the Bible
inspired communication from God?
Since I believe strongly that the Bible is God’s communication of himself and his will to us,
I follow the
authorial intention approach.
In biblical interpretation, readers do
not create or control the meaning.
Rather, we seek to
discover the meaning
that has been placed there by the author.
What did the text mean to the biblical audience?
Step 2: Measuring the Width of the River
What is the theological principle in this text?
How should individual Christians today apply the theological principle(s) in their lives?
How does the theological principle fit with the rest of the Bible?
Step 1: Grasping the Text in Their Town
What are the differences between the biblical audience and us?
Step 3: Crossing the Principlizing Bridge
Step 4: Consult the Biblical Map
Step 5: Grasping the Text in Our Town
Watch "The Wonderful Wizard Of Oz" (1910) - click on the link below
Full transcript