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Stephen Krashen's Theory of Second Language Acquisition
Transcript of Stephen Krashen's Theory of Second Language Acquisition
Learning Stephen Krashen Five Main
For me...Keeping students interested and
engaged is the most effective way to
increase acquisition. Teaching the rules
is secondary to providing engaging language
experiences. After reading this article, I
want to try to relate my lessons to what
my students interests are. The second big
idea for me, is to keep the language one
step beyond the language level of the students. is important the Acquisition-Learning hypothesis,
the Monitor hypothesis,
the Natural Order hypothesis,
the Input hypothesis,
and the Affective Filter hypothesis Acquistion involves the subconsious - it happens through experiences.
Learning - comes through formal instruction "Language acquisition does not require extensive use of conscious grammatical rules, and does not require tedious drill." Stephen Krashen
An expert in the field of
Research involved nonEnglish
speakers and bilingual acquistion.
Acquisition is similar to learning a first language as a chile Acquisition
requires experiences, while learning requires an instructional method Spark Grammar rules are taught in formal learning Acquisition versus learning (cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr According to Krashen, learning is less important than acquistion The 'monitor' is effective when the student has had sufficient time and can focus on form The rules must be known for the 'monitor' to edit (cc) photo by medhead on Flickr The role of the concious learner is limited The Monitor Hypothesis During acquisition, the concious learner acts as a 'monitor'. The order Of language acquisition is Predictable according to the NATURAL ORDER HYPOTHESIS (cc) image by rocketboom on Flickr (cc) image by quoimedia on Flickr Input Hypothesis Acquisition takes place in a predictable order.
The student accepts input that is one step above
the level of acquistion they are at. Teachers should plan input so that students will grow. meets Input the level Deals only with acquisition (cc) photo by twicepix on Flickr (cc) photo by tudor on Flickr Affective Filter Hypothesis A number of 'affective factors' influence
language acquisition. ... Levels of motivation, self esteem
and anxiety can hinder acquistion when low
Schutz, R. (2007, July 2). Stephen Krashen's Theory of Second Language Acquisition (Assimilação Natural - o Construtivismo no Ensino de Línguas). English Made in Brazil. Retrieved October 8, 2011, from http://www.sk.com.br/sk-krash.html Susan
Mumford-Hartley We as teacher are
responsible for both the
learner and acquisition experiences.