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Night On Bald Mountain

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by

Murali Andoor

on 18 December 2014

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Transcript of Night On Bald Mountain

Night On Bald Mountain
Modest Mussorgsky
Modest Mussorgsky
Night On Bald Mountain; An Overview
Main themes
Bass Theme:
Composition
The Original Story
Night On Bald Mountain - Mussorgsky
Instrumentation
1839-1881
Born from noble family
Russian Nationalist Composer
Works heavily influenced by Russian music
Cesar Cui
Aleksandr Borodin
Mily Barakirev
Modest Mussorgsky
Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov
The Mighty Five
Heavy alcoholic
Alcohol made him unable to work with people
Strongly affected his physical and mental health
Woodwinds:
Piccolo
2 Flutes
2 Oboes
2 Clarinets (B flat and A)
2 Bassoons
Brass:
4 Horns (F)
2 Trumpets (B flat)
3 Trombones
Tuba
Percussion:
Timpani
Bass Drum
Cymbal
Tam-tam
Bell (D)
Strings:
String orchestra;
Violins
Violas
Cellos
Double Bass
Based off of Nikolai Gogol's short story
Eve before the feast day of St. John the Baptist
Usually celebrated June 23rd
One movement tone poem
First rendition completed June 1867
Originally called "St. John's Eve on Bald Mountain"
Original version was never performed, but Rimsky-Korsakov's version was popular
Now widely associated with Halloween and Disney's
Fantasia (1940)
Dance Theme:
References Used
Bossaller, Dan. "Night on Bald Mountain: Movement by Movement." Scribd. Scribd, 4 Aug. 2009. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.

Gogol, Nikolai. “St. John’s Eve.” South Australia. University of Adelaide, 2014. University of Adelaide. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.

Mckee, David. "Modest Mussorgsky." The Opera Quarterly 8.4 (1991): 108-11. Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra. Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra. Web. 11 Dec. 2014.
Themes

Mussorgsky, Modest. (1867) “Original Version Complete Score.” Editor: Georgy Kikor. Publisher: Moscow: Muzyka. IMSLP, 28 May. 2008. Web. 15 Dec. 2014

White, Patrick. Night on Bald Mountain. Sydney: Currency in Association with State Theatre of South Australia, 1996. Denton Independant School District. Denton Independant School District. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.
Composition
Other:
1 Harp
Famous Work
Pictures At An Exhibition

Second Dance Theme
made to sound sinister and evil
emphasis on brass parts

opens in d minor at a tempo of allegro feroce
bass, cello, violin - add to the chaos
brass plays a melody in the major key
repeats
sets the mood and builds tension
represents underground noises
new theme
strings and woodwinds alternate
builds back to forte dynamic level and original tempo
introduces the spirits
trumpet fanfare is played to welcome Satan
a rest ends the climax
strings suddenly rise to a dance sequence
"
oom-pah
" beat
becomes more animated, little by little
fanfare to celebrate Satan
brass fanfare is played in mock reverence of the church below the mountain (bells)
begins the black service
woodwinds play a smooth passage to continue the solemn service
slowly leads to a climax
Sabbath celebration
interlude of slow quarter notes for contrast
fanfare from service played again
interlude by quarter notes once more
themes and melodies throughout the piece re-explored
Satan assets himself
bell resounds piano
spirits attempt dissonance again but fails
flute and clarinet (solo) play a calm melody in D
harp plays D major arpeggio
piece ends in a D major chord
Breakdown & Analysis
Full transcript