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Compromise of 1850 and the Fugitive Slave Law
Transcript of Compromise of 1850 and the Fugitive Slave Law
Washington D.C the capital of the nation allowed slavery and Congress began to be filled with disputes over slavery and which states should or should not regulate it. Moral
Many people had to battle and decide whether they valued the idea of possessing and advocating slaves. This caused the nationalism amongst Americans to be severed. Texas was supposed to give up its land holdings and new territory for $10 million. This money would then go to pay back Mexico the debt that was owed. California was then drafted as a slave free state which then led to the introduction of the Fugitive Slave Act. The Fugitive Slave Act became one of the most controversial bills passed during the Compromise if 1850. It allowed slave owners to recapture escape slaves, no matter where they were. The Underground Railroad was initiated during this time period. The North introduced the Personal Liberty Law, in an attempt to stop slave owners from claiming free slaves and bringing them to Southern states. • " Compromise of 1850 and Fugitive Slave Law Study Guide & Homework Help - eNotes.com." Study Guides, Lesson Plans, Homework Help, Answers & More - enotes.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Nov. 2012. <http://www.enotes.com/compromise-1850-fugitive-slave-law-reference/compromise-1850-fugitive-slave-law>.
• Altman, Linda Jacobs. "The Conflict Deepens." Slavery and abolition in American history. Berkeley Heights, N.J.: Enslow Publishers, 1999. 76-77. Print.
• April, Senator Henry S. Foote of Mississippi moved for the appointment of a select committee of seven Whigs, six Democrats. Known as the Committee of Thirteen, as chairman of the committee, and 21.. "Compromise of 1850." United States American History. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Nov. 2012. <http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h79.html>.
• Hakim, Joy. "Slavery." A History of US: War, Terrible War. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994. 52-54. Print.
• King, Wilma. "The Legacy of ANthony Burns." Toward the promised land: from Uncle Tom's cabin to the onset of the Civil War (1851-1861). New York: Chelsea House, 1995. 83-85. Print.
• "The Compromise of 1850 [ushistory.org]." ushistory.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Nov. 2012. <http://ushistory.org/us/30d.asp>. The Fugitive Slave Law & Relevance to the Civil War by Stephen, Jesse, Katie Compromise of 1850 John C Calhoun did not agree with Henry Clay's plan and developed a speech to argue the Compromise of 1850.
Calhoun became sick and was not able to deliver his speech. This was the last speech that he ever wrote because he died about a month later.
Daniel Webster who was a state senator of Massachusetts did not like the speech and began to support the Compromise in an attempt to preserve the Union.
Most of the abolitionist of the north did not agree with the speech and it was not well received.
Zachary Taylor who won multiple victories in the Mexican War had plans to gain California as the 16th slave-free state, but this brought about many issues
A convention consisting of delegates from nine slave states gathered in Nashville, Tennessee and threatened to secede from the union.
To avoid this a plan was drafted at this convention known as the Missouri Compromise.
California was later admitted to the Union as a free state.
The New Mexico and Utah territories were admitted bases on popular sovereignty, which allowed the settlers to vote on the issue of being either a slave holding or slave free state. Quotes regarding Compromise of 1850. The parties in this conflict are not merely abolitionists and slaveholders -- they are atheists, socialists, communists, red republicans, jacobins on the one side, and the friends of order and regulated freedom on the other. In one word, the world is the battleground -- Christianity and atheism the combatants; and the progress of humanity the stake. By Rev. J.H. Thornwell, President of the University of South Carolina By Daniel Webster on July 17, 1850 I was born an American; I live an American; I shall die an American Fugitive Slave Act The Fugitive Slave Act required northern states to abide by southern laws that declared slavery legal, regardless if slavery was illegal in the state.
The Slave Act also had many corruptions such as those that denied accused fugitive slaves the right to testify in their own defense or the right to trial by jury.
Instead there were appointed commissioners to oversee the trials, who were compensated $5 for freeing a fugitive and $10 for returning one back to the South.
This demand caused a lot of controversy and outrage amongst northern state citizens who would be forced to return slaves, following southern law.
In certain regions such as those in Vermont and Massachusetts, where the owning of slaves was seen as defiance against God, many people would not accept the ruling of the Fugitive Slave Act.
Thousands of free blacks and fugitive slaves fled to Canada out of fear of being captured and brought to a slave state.
Many Northern states began to station a formed committee of citizens to fight against the Fugitive Slave law and stop southern slave owners from claiming slaves.
This led the Underground railroad to became a hotspot of travel as many abolitionist assisted slaves escape Fugitive oppression. Results of the Compromise of 1850 The Compromise of 1850 detained the Civil War for about 10 years, but seemed to add more trouble to the American people than initially thought. No longer did Americans claim a sense of individuality about themselves. Numerous northern citizens who were not at all involved with slavery, became dedicated abolitionist. This shows the change of mindset during the Compromise of 1850. The Compromise of 1850 became one the most controversial events to take place in America because it cause the country to split into two sides which were preparing for war. After the Election of President Abraham Lincoln in 1860, he referred many times to the Compromise of 1850 and used it to show how allowing slavery to continue in the nation would only bring about destruction and chaos. Effects of the Compromise Works Cited To aid the north the government would put an end to the slave trade, but slavery would still be allowed. Northern Cause To aid the south the government would allow the institution of stricter laws on the capturing of escaped slaves. Southern Cause