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kathleen fullerton

on 25 February 2013

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Transcript of immigration

Wretched Refuse a brief history & timeline of u.s. immigration The New Colossus

Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame,
With conquering limbs astride from land to land,
Here at our sea-washed, sunset- gates shall stand
A mighty woman with a torch, whose flame
Is the imprisoned lightning, and her name
Mothers of Exile. From her beacon hand
Glows world-wide welcome, her mild eyes command
The air-bridged harbor that twin cities frame.

"Keep, ancient lands, your storied pomp!" she cries
With a silent lips, "Give me your tired, your poor,
Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,
The wretched refuse of your teeming shore;
Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me,
I lift my lamp beside the golden door!"
[November 2, 1883, Emma Lazarus 1849-1887) 1789-1881 1882-1917 1917-1964 1965-2000 2001-present 1776-1881
1789 The Constitution of the United States of America takes effect

1790 The Naturalization Act of 1790

1795 The Naturalization Act of 1795

1798 One of the Alien and Sedition Acts, the Naturalization Act of 1798

1802 The Jefferson Administration revises the Naturalization Act of 1798

1808 Importation of slaves into the United States is officially banned, though it continues illegally long after the ban.

1819 Congress passes an act requiring shipmasters to deliver a manifest enumerating all aliens transported for immigration. The Secretary of State is required to report annually to Congress the number of immigrants admitted. “The Statue of Liberty is no longer saying, "Give me your poor, your tired, your huddled masses." She's got a baseball bat and yelling, "You want a piece of me?"” 1882-1917 Era of Regulation
1882 Chinese Exclusion Act — Barred the entry of any Chinese for 10 years, made permanent in 1904 until it was rescinded in 1943.

1907 Gentlemen's Agreement — Barred the entry of Japanese and Koreans.

1917 Immigration Act — Passed over President Wilson's veto, it established a literacy test and created the "Asiatic Barred Zone," virtually prohibiting immigration from Asia. 1918-1964 Era of Restriction
1921 Quota Act (Johnson Act) — Set the first immigration quotas in the nation's history
1924 Immigration Act (Johnson-Reid Act)

1952 Immigration and Nationality Act (McCarran-Walter Act) 1965-2000 Era of Mass Immigration (Immigration as a Civil Rights Issue)

1965 Amendments to Immigration and Nationality Act (Hart-Celler Act)

1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA)

1990 Immigration Act (IMMACT) impact of hart-cellar act current trends in immigration education paradox alternative explanations 1841-1850 1,713,251 immigrants arrive. 1849 - California Gold rush 1851-1860 2,598,214 immigrants arrive. 1881-1885 1 million Germans arrive in the peak of German immigration. 1881-1920 2 million Eastern European Jews immigrate to the United States. 1886 The Statue of Liberty is dedicated in New York Harbor. 1910-1920 2 million Italians arrive in the peak of Italian immigration. 1911-1920 5,735,811 immigrants arrive. Currently, 1.6 million legal and illegal immigrants settle in the country each year; 350,000 immigrants leave each year, resulting in net immigration of 1.25 million.
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