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The Cold War

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Benjamin Lunday

on 30 July 2013

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Transcript of The Cold War

The C ld War A presentation by Benjamin Lunday Act I: Prelude Revolt Re-establish Redeem In 1917, a chain of events was set in motion that ultimately initiated the Cold War. In this year, the Bolshevik overtaking and dispatching of czarist government began the slow descent into communism. Circa 1922, this metamorphosis became set in stone when the Union of Soviet Social Republics (USSR) was founded, a country based on Karl Mark's theories of Socialism along with Communist ideals and theology. Finally, the newborn country played a large role in World War II, carrying out decisive Allied victories such as the battle of Stalingrad and the capture of Berlin. Without their assistance in WWII, an Axis victory would have been assured. Act II: False Hero Command Control Corrupt Joseph Stalin (1878-1953) served as the de facto leader of the Soviet Union from Lenin's death in 1924 till dying himself in 1953. He gained his role of leadership by power mongering and disposing of those who threatened his power. Documented executions of upcoming political opponents Throughout his reign, Stalin imposed policies of industrialization and modernization that abandoned the approach of community farms and focused on heavy industry and production. Under his influence, the USSR grew to become an industrial superpower that rivaled the United States. Though Stalin promoted growth and industrialization, his lasting impact is that of a monster. Over the course of his rule, over 20 million people died either through starvation (as the focus on industry left no time for farming or sustenance) or government-enacted "purges" of the military or civilian population. Heavy use of propaganda lulled the population into a naive stupor that enabled the continuation of his murderous reign. Act III: Enemies and Allies Life Liberty Lockdown Two countries. Contrasting ideals. The United States and USSR locked horns over the issue of freedom and government. As the world's two superpowers, they led as examples and actively persuaded developing countries in both governance and policy. Vs. United States U.S.S.R. What other countries were involved? Communism was born in 1917 when the Bolsheviks rose to power. However, superpower status only came with Stalin's aggressive push for industrialization in the late 1920's to early 30's. Once realizing the power it held, the USSR began to rapidly spread its ideals to other countries and continue to amass its power. When the US began to impede its forward growth, it became a personal matter. The Cold War was on. Ever since its birth in 1776, the United States had established itself as a herald of freedom and democracy, promoting such to the developing countries of the world. When the Communists came to power, Lady Liberty immediately took notice. Such suppressive ideals spreading farther and farther could possibly result in a world where freedom had lost majority vote. The United States immediately jumped into action, spreading freedom and ebbing the flow of Communism across the globe What other countries were involved? While the Cold War mainly involved the US and Soviet Union, both countries called on their allies to assist them in this war of attrition. The United States was aided by Great Britain, who provided reconnaissance and bases for the Americans. The USSR coupled with similarly Communist Cuba, leading to the infamous Cuban Missile Crisis. * Not to scale Act IV: War of Attrition 1945 1991 Countless generations lost Though the sparks of the Cold War began as early as 1917, the "official" start of the war is 1945, when the tragedy World War II finally ended. At this time, two world superpowers emerged from the smoking wreckage of the countries involved: the USSR and United States. At this point, both began to vie for their declarative systems of government and impede the progress of the other, marking the beginning of the Cold War. While many people banter about the big events of the Cold War, no one really examines civil consequences. Countless generations of Americans and Soviets were swallowed by their country's hate for each other, believing a majority of the lies that was fed to them from birth to adulthood. Scientific advances were limited to warfare, social advances limited to propaganda, Ethical advances razed to the ground. The war ended anticlimactically with the long-overdue fall of the Soviet Union in early 1991. With the Union dissolved, and the solutes being democratic states, the imminent threat of Communism and overall superpower-rivalry dissipated. Act V: Names and Faces Peace keep Protect Purge Enemies Enemies E
s Friends Friends Great Britain was led by Winston Churchill, an extremely talented speaker who served as prime minister both during WWII and the 1950's. Churchill warned greatly against the Soviet menace, taking great strides to protect his country and advise others. He coined the famous term "Iron Curtain" to describe the Soviet's efforts to close themselves off from the Western world. Harry S. Truman, President of the United States from 1945 to 1953, played a vital role in the Cold War. Through his eight years in office, he aided in establishing several key peace-keeping organizations such as NATO and the United Nations. His most effective step lies in the Truman Doctrine, which laid the foundation for stopping Communism with several key steps and legislation. I think we've already established that Stalin was a pretty bad dude. Truman Churchill Roosevelt Stalin FDR played an extensive role in Soviet - American relations before the Cold War ever began. Roosevelt created a trusting relationship with both the USSR and Stalin, creating a fragile-yet-beneficial peace between the superpowers. It is theorized that FDR's death was the offset of the Cold War. This guy said something about a wall.
More on that later. Reagan Act VI: Crises and Conquests Close Calls Olympic Blackballs Space Squalls A major competition arose between the two superpowers when rocket science came into question, the only academic area beside weaponry to experience significant growth during this period. Both wanted to flaunt their scientific prowess (and consequent wealth) by being the first to explore the unknown realm of space. While the Soviets got Sputnik into space first, Americans ultimately trumped the competition by placing Neil Armstrong on the moon. Overall, the space race gave an outlet for both countries to release tension through scientific advancement. Another major event during the Cold War era is the Cuban Missile Crisis, an event that truly brought the terror of Communism into the homes of America. For approximately two weeks in October, 1962, The Soviet Union harbored a multitude of nuclear warheads less than 100 miles away from American soil in Communist-allied Cuba. John F. Kennedy, President at the time, brought the world back from the brink of nuclear war by cooperating with the Soviets and ultimately negotiating the removal of the warheads. The Cuban Missile Crisis is the closest thing to conflict in the bloodless Cold War. Finally, the largest social event during the Cold War era is the boycott of the 1980 Olympic Games in Moscow. At the time, conditions in the Soviet Union had slowly degraded to the point of mass starvation and suffering throughout. President Jimmy Carter called for the nations of the world to denounce the games and not attend to show support for the Soviet civilians. Over 60 nations heeded this call, resulting in a dampened Olympics and a blow dealt to the Soviet government. Act VII: Walled Off Imprison Impose Emancipate After WWII, the Berlin Wall was constructed by the government of East Germany, designed to blockade West Berlin (referred to as "Fascist" and designated as not "de-nazied") from still Communist East Berlin. In reality, the wall stood as an excuse to cage the Communist residents from escaping to freedom. Overall, the Wall stood not just for imprisonment, but for Communism and the "Iron Curtain" of the USSR. In a massive undertaking, thousands of East Germany soldiers constructed the wall in a single night from August 12th to the 13th, 1961. East German residents awoke to find themselves separated from work, friends, and family. Citizens were trapped behind the wall, which encased both sides of the Berlin border, which in turn sandwiched the "death strip" of armed patrols, nail beds, and several other pitfalls. Over 5,000 residents tried to escape the tyranny, with an amazing 4,800 succeeding. Now Reagan comes into play, becoming the first American President to stand up to the wall since its inception. With his decree to "tear this wall down" and the crumbling state of the Soviet Union, East German officials faltered and finally allowed Berlin to reunite over a period of one month through September and October 1989. Friends, Families, Communities reunited after 28 years of complete separation. The fall of the wall dealt a crushing blow to the Soviets that ultiamtely led to their downfall. Act VIII: Tear It Down Lunday Productions present... "Tear It Down" Starring Ronald Reagan and the Berlin Wall Ronald Reagan, President of the United States from 1981 to 1989, became the first American President to openly oppose the confinement of East Germans behind the Berlin wall. By giving such a speech, he opened the door to the true purpose of the wall, which merely stood as an over exaggerated symbol to Communism and oppression. By doing so, many nations decreed opposition to the wall, ultimately leading to its destruction. Act IX: The Fall Corrode Crumble Confuse The fall of the Soviet Union begins in 1982, when years of military buildup in the place of domestic development inside the Union resulted in a stagnant economy. This, coupled with failed social reforms and the Soviet's insured defeat in the Afghanistan War cultured an environment of despair, both physically and mentally, within the country. This state of mind and body began to take its toll on the USSR. As physical and economical conditions worsened with the Union, several satellites and republics began to fight against the strict Communist regime established in such. The influence of freedom, spread by the United States, eventually grabbed hold on these rebels. As these countries left the Union, the central government weakened and weakened. The despairing trade situation drained what little money the government had left, resulting in bankruptcy. Finally, the fall of the Berlin wall dealt a heavy blow to the USSR in morality, as even their proud symbol of Communism had fallen The weak, bankrupt core of the Union limped along for several more years until a failed coup against the now reform-minded government allowed Boris Yeltsin to seize power amongst the chaos. Realizing he destruction of the Union, then dictator Mikhail Gorbachev abandoned his office with Boris Yeltsin replacing him as president. Then, over a period of two weeks, the Soviet states broke off into dependent republics. Finally, on December 26th, 1991, the Soviet Union was formally dissolved.
The Cold War had been won. Act X: From the Ashes Rise Recover Rethink After becoming an independent republic after the fall of the USSR, Russia faced a multitude of obstacles in regaining its former glory. Faced with being a democratic state instead of a Communist one, Russia's government required a complete overhaul even though the transition from lock down to freedom was instantaneous. The economy also needed a revamp, as it was too military and industry-focused. In time, Russia conquered all of these challenges by establishing themselves as a democratic state with a strong economy focused on mineral ores and petroleum, among other natural resources. After these reforms became effective, Russia's economy and overall standings within the world skyrocketed. The previously-stated economy based on natural resources has grown to become the sixth-largest in the world, and exports are at an all-time high. However, quality of life remains low, with Russia only receiving a 4.79 out of 10. Today, Russia is a political and economic powerhouse that plays a large role in world affairs. Still, though, the echoes of the USSR linger on in the treatment and quality of living for the hardworking citizens. Hopefully, Russia will continue on its path of upward growth into the future, and become a place of both wealth and happiness. Источники AKA "Холодная война" Wikipedia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/(x) (x) - Soviet_Union
Fall_of_the_Soviet_Union About.com (Geography subsection) - http://geography.about.com/od/(x) (x) - countryinformation/a/ussr.htm
russiaandukraine/a/The-Russian-Revolution-Of-1917.htm About. Com (European History Subsection) - http://europeanhistory.about.com/od(x) (x) - coldwar/p/prcoldwar101.htm
coldwar/a/originscoldwar.htm History.com http://www.history.com/(x) (x) - /topics/cold-war
/topics/korean-war Спасибо за просмотр! Thanks for viewing!
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