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The Roman Empire

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by

Skyler Wolf

on 29 October 2013

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Transcript of The Roman Empire

Julius Caeser - First emperor
Constantine - First Christian emperor.
Caesar Augustus - He greatly expanded Rome.
The Roman Empire
Basics and the Rise
Began on the Tiber River. It flooded the crops so they had good agriculture
It was one of the largest empires in the ancient world with 50 - 90 million inhabitants
Rome was a city-state full of italic tribes in italy
Rome is called the "Eternal City"
Roman Emperors
Government
Dominated by
educated landowning

military
fit
males.
Art
Plebeians
,
Patricians
, and
Slaves
made up Roman People
Architecture
Technology
Society
Much of the art was of Gods or important people
50,000+ men in military raised by Julius Caesar
2,500,000 acres had been conquered at the empire's peak of success
Roman Mythology:

Arches, vaults, columns, and domes were included in most of their buildings
Why It Fell
Failing Economy
: Too much spending led to lack of currency
Constant wars
required heavy military spending
Lack of defense
from
too much expansion
Lack of currency
led to Bartering
The taxing on foreigners led to frequent rebellious acts
Unemployment
Too much slave laboring
led to a decline in Ethics and Values
Believed in thousands of gods
Jupiter (King of the Gods)
Juno (Queen of the Gods)
Religion
Substantial:
Roman Gods were somewhat similar to Greek Gods, but had different names and origins.
Ex. Neptune vs Poseidon
(Both gods of the sea)
More Religion
With Constantine, came...
Christianity!
Constantine
and
Licinius
issued the
Edict of Milan

which legalized the practice of Christianity.
They also invented
sewer systems, public baths, indoor bathrooms, and fountains
Elective Monarchy
(time of Roman Kingdom)
753 BC - 509 BC
Oligarchic Republic
(time of Roman Republic)
509 BC - 27 AD
Autocracy
(time of Roman Empire)
27 AD - 476 AD
Romans invented
aqueducts
(which brought water from one place to another)
Main Forms of Government
through existence
Economy
Based on agriculture and trade
Built cement roads and great ships for
transportation
Were able to trade
silver, gold and bronze coins
for goods they needed
The Empire's major rival in trade was
Carthage
—also located in the Mediteranean Sea
Subsistence Farming
Roman art included sculpture, painting, carving, and Mosaic work
Sculpture was considered the highest form of art by the Romans, but painting was also highly regarded
They discovered/developed concrete
They also developed and
made road systems
(made of stone)
They used brick, tile, and concrete
They also had many bridges and road systems
Their most famous building is the Colosseum
Caesar Augustus
Men were above everyone (they held office, voted, controlled their homes, and made all marriage decisions for their daughters)
Women had a limited public role (weren't allowed to vote, couldn't hold office, below men)
Rich families had slaves
Education focused mainly on boys, but girls went to school as well
Mainly the rich were educated in schools
Was adopted by Julius Caesar
Was the most succesful emperors
Led Rome to the "Golden Age"






Founded:

753 BC
Republic: 509 BC
Empire:

27 AD
Fell: 476 AD
He also moved the capital to Constantinople.
Intro
Rome is called the "Eternal City"
According to history the city by twins named Remus and Romulus
They were raised by she wolfs.
The twins fought and Romulus killed Remus so he could name the Rome.









Events over 500 years:
The Carthaginian Wars
Also called the "Punic Wars"
Hannibal's army marching over the alps with 3 dozen elephants.
1st
Mostly Naval conflicts
2nd
Most known/famous war involving
Carthage General Hanniba
l
Made large costly blows—unsuccessful nevertheless
3rd
(Lack of Reinforcements)
Known as the "Siege of Carthage"
Its Importance...
Rome gained most, if not the rest of the Mediterranean's borders.
Full transcript