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Roman Emperor Nero
Transcript of Roman Emperor Nero
•In 55, he removed Marcus Antonius Pallas, an ally of Agrippina, from his position in the treasury.
•Nero's execution of Agrippina was prompted by her plotting to set Rubellius Plautus on the throne.
•According to Suetonius, Nero tried to kill his mother through a planned shipwreck, which took the life of her friend, Acerronia Polla, but when Agrippina survived, he had her executed and framed it as a suicide. Early Rule •Claudius died in 54 and Nero was established as Emperor.
•Though accounts vary, many ancient historians state Agrippina poisoned Claudius.
•It is not known how much Nero knew or if he was even involved in the death of Claudius.
•Nero became Emperor at 17 when the news of Claudius' death was made known, the youngest emperor until that time.
•Nero's early reign was strongly influenced by his mother, Agrippina. Rise To Power Nero was not expected to become Emperor because his maternal uncle had begun his reign at age 25, with enough time to produce his own heir.
Nero's mother, Agripinna, lost favour with Claudius and was exiled in 39CE after her husbands death.
Claudius seized Nero's inheritance and sent him to be raised by his less wealthy aunt.
In 49 AD, Claudius married a fourth time, to Nero's mother Agrippina.
Nero was older than his stepbrother Britannicus, and thus became heir to the throne.
Nero was proclaimed an adult in 51 at the age of 14.
In 53, he married his stepsister Claudia Octavia. Early Life Born "Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus"
15th December 37CE in Atrium, near Rome.
Nero's father was described as a murderer and a cheat who was charged by Emperor Tiberius with treason, adultery, and incest. Tiberius died, allowing him to escape these charges.
Nero's father died of edema in 39CE, when Nero was 2. Nero's Death •In March 68, Vindex rebelled against Nero's tax policies. In an attempt to gain support from outside his own province, Vindex called upon Galba to join the rebellion and further, to declare himself emperor in opposition to Nero.
•Despite Galba being declared a public enemy, support increased for him.
•In response, Nero fled Rome with the intention of going to the port of Ostia.
•Nero returned to Rome and spent the evening in the palace.
•Travelling, in disguise, Nero and four loyal companions travelled to a hidden villa to escape the government. At this time, a courier arrived with a report that the Senate had declared Nero a public enemy and that it was their intention to execute him by beating him to death.
•At this news, Nero prepared himself for suicide.
•Nero's famous dying words were "What an artist dies in me”, translated from Latin to English.
•Nero died on 9 June 68, the anniversary of the death of Octavia, and was buried in what is now known as the Villa Borghese area of Rome.
•With his death, the Julio-Claudian dynasty ended. Post Mortem •The people of Rome celebrated the death of Nero.
•The civil war during the year of the Four Emperors was described by ancient historians as a troubling period.
•Instability was rooted in the fact that emperors could no longer rely on the royal bloodline, as Nero and those before him could. Galba began his short reign with the execution of many allies of Nero and possible future enemies.
•Otho overthrew Galba.
•After Nero's suicide in 68, there was a widespread belief, especially in the eastern provinces, that he was not dead and somehow would return. This belief came to be known as the Nero Redivivus Legend. Nero was a Roman Emperor from 54 to 68, and the last in the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Nero was adopted by his great uncle Claudius to become his heir and successor, and succeeded to the throne in 54 following Claudius' death. During his reign, Nero focused much of his attention on diplomacy, trade and enhancing cultural life. He ordered theatres built and promoted athletic games.
Sensitive and handsome, Nero started out well as emperor. But his early promise gave way to wild extravagance and murder. His rule ended as violently as it had begun.