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History of Electronic Music

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Steven HIcks

on 26 October 2011

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Transcript of History of Electronic Music

History of Electronic Music low-fidelity magnetic wire recorders had been in use since the late 20s-30s but was really experimented with and used in the 40s. electronic music has been an idea that has been around since the 1900s In 1920 a Russian inventor Léon Thérémin invented the Theremin. The instrument has two antennas one for pitch which sticks straight up, and one for volume which is in a loop. In 1928 Maurice Martenot invented the Ondes Matenot, the instrument's eerie wavering notes are produced by varying the frequency of oscillation in vacuum tubes. The production of the instrument stopped in 1988. In 2001 a completed prototype was first used in concerts. These instruments have been in regular use since 2005. Recording sounds became very popular in 1927 when an American inventor, J.A. O'Neil created a machine that recorded sounds on a magnetic tape. Although it was a popular concept it failed when he put his idea on the market. In 1929 Laurnes Hammond owned a company which produced electronic instruments, this is also when the Hammond Organ was invented, one of the first electric organs. During WWII Walter Weber rediscovered the AC basing technique which increased the fidelity of magnetic recording. In 1942 there were many tests to record music in Stereo. Audio tape was relatively cheap and very reliable, and its fidelity of reproduction was better than any audio medium to date. Most importantly, unlike discs, it offered the same plasticity of use as film. Tape can be slowed down, sped up or even run backwards during recording or playback. It can be physically edited in much the same way as film, allowing for unwanted sections of a recording to be seamlessly removed or replaced; likewise, segments of tape from other sources can be edited in In 1955, more experimental and electronic studios began to appear. The world's first computer to play music was CSIRAC which was designed and built by Trevor Pearcey and Maston Beard. The 60s was a good time period for electric instruments. The Synthesizer was more accessible to many artists and composers. The theremin had been in use since the 1920s but it attained a degree of popular recognition through its use in science-fiction film soundtrack music in The Day the Earth Stood Still. 1964, the First Seminar of Electronic Music was held at the Radio Broadcast Station in Plzen Czech Republic. Four government-sanctioned electroacoustic music studios were later established in the 1960s 70s to mid-80s In 1970, Charles Wuorinen composed Time's Encomium, the first Pulitzer Prize winner for an entirely electronic composition. Released in 1970 by Moog Music the Mini-Moog was among the first widely available, portable and relatively affordable synthesizers. It became the most widely used synthesizer in both popular and electronic art music. In 1979, UK recording artist Gary Numan helped to bring electronic music into the wider marketplace of pop music with his hit "Cars" from the album The Pleasure Principle. Other successful hit electronic singles in the early 1980s included "Just Can't Get Enough" by Depeche Mode, "Don't You Want Me" by The Human League, "Whip It!" by Devo, and finally 1983's "Blue Monday" by New Order, which became the best-selling 12-inch single of all time. The Swiss duo Yello, Trevor Horn's Art of Noise, Naked Eyes, Prince, Kate Bush, Peter Gabriel, and Depeche Mode. In 1980, a group of musicians met to standardize an interface by which new instruments could communicate control instructions with other instruments. This standard was dubbed MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface). The invention MIDI technology allows a single keystroke, control wheel motion, pedal movement, or command from a microcomputer to activate every device in the studio remotely and in synchrony, with each device responding according to conditions predetermined by the composer. MIDI instruments and software made powerful control of sophisticated instruments easily affordable by many studios and individuals. There was a rise in dance music in the 1980s and 1990s. There have been alot of advancements in electric music, especially the ways in which we listen to music. We are now moving toward chip music, a.k.a. chiptune which is mainly used in video games, all the sounds are put on the chip, it depends on the files that the game uses that makes the different sounds Clara Rockmore was an artist who played the Theremin There were some artists who belived that electronic music would wipe out instruments all together.
Art of Noise-Close Cars was a song that used mainly electronic music. Devo's Whip It also used mainly electronic music. Snap's The Power used electronic music Lou Bega's Mambo No. 5 Herbie Hancock's Rockit used a lot of midi technology, and this is also when hydraulics was starting to be used more frequently. What some artists think about the future of electronic music. By: Steven Hicks http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ondes_Martenot http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pSzTPGlNa5U http://ww.youtube.com/watch?v=w5qf9O6c20o http://museumvictoria.com.au/csirac/ http://library.buffalo.edu/music/exhibits/june/ http://ww.youtube.com/watch?v=hq_MzW4s-RE&feature=related http://ww.youtube.com/watch?v=rC9brTwMCvo http://ww.youtube.com/watch?v=YeqOLxRDsV8
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