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Simple Machine Timeline
Transcript of Simple Machine Timeline
Fixed or class 1 pulley has a fixed axle. That is, the axle is "fixed" or anchored in place. A fixed pulley is used to change the direction of the force on a rope (called a belt). A fixed pulley has a mechanical advantage of 1. A mechanical advantage of one means that the force is equal on both sides of the pulley and there is no multiplication of force.
Movable or class 2 pulley has a free axle. That is, the axle is "free" to move in space. A movable pulley is used to multiply forces. A movable pulley has a mechanical advantage of 2. That is, if one end of the rope is anchored, pulling on the other end of the rope will apply a doubled force to the object attached to the pulley. The pulley is a simple machine. The purpose of a pulley system is to be able to move a heavy object with less effort. It is made up of a rope or belt that is wrapped around wheels. The wheels are attached to brackets on the sides so that they can turn freely. The brackets are attached to fixed points, such as a ceiling, or in some cases to the object being lifted. The rope is pulled from one end and makes its way through the pulley, while the object is lifted on the other end. The more pulleys that are used, the less effort is needed to lift the object. However, if more pulleys are used, then more rope must be pulled to move the object as far.