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The History of the Trombone

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Selena Colman

on 24 January 2013

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Transcript of The History of the Trombone

By: Selena Chamungwana The trombone was first used sometime between 1488 and 1450. It was an improvement of the trumpet and used to be known as the sackbut. The History of the Trombone When was it first used? The trombone is an instrument in the brass family. The sound is made when the player’s vibrating lips (embouchure) cause the air column inside the instrument to vibrate. Almost all trombones have a slide that changes the length of the instrument to change the pitch. The word trombone derives from Italian tromba (trumpet) and -one (a suffix meaning "large"), so the name means "large trumpet". Thanks for watching!
Around 1450 and 1490, someone found out that linking two outer tubes with a bent tube had some advantages. Instead of having to move the heavy part over the light part, the player could move a light U-shaped slide over two inner tubes while holding the heavier part in place.It was much easier to play than the old design.
Not long after 1500, the trombone began to participate in church services, still as part of a band of trombones and shawms. It also began participating in expensive theatrical entertainments offered by powerful rulers on politically important occasions like dynastic marriages, baptisms of heirs, or state visits by other rulers.
These entertainments suggested new ways to use the trombone. Composers experimented with groups of trombones, pairing a trombone with soft instruments and even to accompany singers. When was it first used and what was it used for? Parts of the Trombone Some unusual types of trombones are the tromboon , buccin, superbone and the valve trombone. Instead of a slide, the valve trombone has three valves like the ones on a trumpet. The different types of trombone are the tenor, tenorbass, bass, contrabass, alto, soprano, sopranino and piccolo. The most common trombones are tenor and bass. The Beatles - Hey Jude In the Middle Ages, trumpets and horns, and a reed instrument called the shawm, were used as signaling instruments by night watchmen on town gates. They were also used in battle to signal the warriors and to try scare the enemy.
These instruments were used only as signaling instruments or noise makers. But by the mid-1300s, groups of trumpets and shawms were also expected to provide music for dancing, although trumpets began as long straight tubes and were unable to produce more than 4 notes. But then, trumpet makers discovered how to bend short sections of tubing so that trumpets could be joined in an S-shape or a loop. Later, someone discovered how to insert one tube into another. When a mouth pipe could be put into the rest of a trumpet, so the larger part could slide along it, the trombone was created.
After this new instrument was created it was popularly used. Towns sponsored bands of shawms and trombones and so did kings and dukes.. These bands eventually stopped working as night watchmen and started performing from towers and balconies for short daytime concerts. Although we do not know the name of the inventor, we do know that trombone was most likely invented by Flemish instrument makers in Burgundy, a region of modern-day France. Who created the trombone? Trombones today Today, trombones are typically used in concert bands and jazz bands. Trombones can play melodies, harmonies and solos. Although the trombone may not be the most popular instrument, there are still many famous trombonists and composers like Glenn Miller, Tommy Dorsey, Bruce Fowler and Nils Landgren. Ohio University Trombone Choir - Imagine
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