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Social issues of WW1
Transcript of Social issues of WW1
The Ottoman Empire began persecuting Armenians by using propaganda in the few years before the war, calling them a threat to national security.
On April 25th, 1915 over 250 Armenian leaders were rounded up and, presumably, killed. Thought to be start of the genocide.
Over 25 death camps created, mostly on borders.
Many innocent women and children were drowned in black sea. At least 5,000 burned to death. Poisonous gas and drug overdose was also used to exterminate.
The tehjir law gave the government gave the government power to deport anyone they felt would be a threat to security. Targeted Armenians. Also when deported their possessions were taken from them and gave to the government.
The biggest killer of the Armenians was the death march people were forced to walk. No food, shelter, or water but just dessert. They were forced to walk from the death camps down into modern day Syria. The Ottoman escorts would often rob, rape, and kill the Armenians on the death march.
Turkey today still refuses to call it a Genocide. Many war time governments increased political powers in order to fight the total war
Governments also rationed food, suspended newspapers, limited bar hours, made strikes illegal and they ran railroads and factories
Mail along with newspapers were censored by the government
Germany forced men ages 17-60 to work in factories Chase, Isaac, Jack, Katie, Luke, Sarah, Shirley Disillusionment •The Jazz Age in the 1920's was essentially a product of prohibition, which banned alcohol. However, alcohol was still served in secret bars called speakeasies. These became popular venues for Jazz, which, much like Rock music, frightened parents and excited the younger generations
•Important musicians such as Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, Paul Whiteman, William Manuel “Bill” Johnson, Joe “King” Oliver, Bessie Smith, Bix Beiderbecke, Fletcher Henderson, and Coleman Hawkins
•Incorporated two common elements into their music: syncopation or the accenting of a typically unstressed beat, thereby depriving the normally stressed beat of its anticipated emphasis; and an unusual “three over four” polyrhythm that imposed an odd “one-two-three” rhythmical element onto the fundamental “one-two-three-four” rhythm
•Jazz started in the cities of New Orleans, Louisiana, and Chicago, Illinois, but soon spread to more cities like San Francisco and Los Angeles.
•African-Americans introduced Jazz to Europeans At first lot of soldiers were very eager to go to war but after being at work for a while a lot of them lost interest. They forgot why they were at war and mad at their own country's leaders to putting them there.
Feelings before the war were warm and eager but the whole European Society became disillusioned quickly
Church attendance dropped significantly during and after the war.
Soldiers of the war became very angry with the older generations because they realized they were the people backing this 'pointless' war. Lack of respect for older generations fueled a generation gap.
Larger guns and artillery created wide spread fear among the trench soldiers .
Mistrust of the government became common. Red Scare From 1919-1920 in the U.S. there was the fear of the communism
Bombs that hit mail rooms and people's houses were set off that ignited the scare
People were scared that the communists were going to come and take over the government and kill everyone The great Louis Armstrong Art Period 1 Social Shifts Classes Picasso created the style of Cubism
Cubism used many bold, geometric shapes and sharp angles
Idea of existentialism became a prominent phenomenon, that there is no real meaning in life and each person has to create their own meaning to it
propaganda influenced people to enlist, support the way by planting gardens, conserving, joining the workforce, to buy bonds, to not tell secrets, ration or else and instill fear
Sigmund Freud's ideas about the subconscious mind influenced a new artistic movement called surrealism this was an attempt to depict dreamlike features in a more realistic way
Women's skirts rose for the first time above the ankle Any Questi ns? Known as the "Spanish Flu" or "La Grippe"
There was the belief that the aggressiveness of the disease was punishment to man for the atrocities made during the Great War
20 to 40 million people are believed to have died in the global pandemic
It is thought to have originated in China in a rare genetic shift of the influenza virus
The name came from the early affliction and the high mortality rate in Spain where 8 million allegedly died in May of 1918
In two years, after it's outbreak in the trenches, one-fifth of the worlds populations was infected.
The disease was spread across the globe as soldiers returned home
Life expectancy around the world dropped
Caused world wide economic struggles due to lack of workers Women everywhere joined the workforce as nurses, teachers, secretaries, factory workers, as well as many other jobs usually done by men
Although there was initially tensions between the genders because of the new opportunities and freedoms being afforded to women, this was quickly ironed out in most places
Unlike in Britain and other belligerent nations, American women did not gain any permanent political freedoms until long after World War 1
It did become socially acceptable for women to own property, go places by themselves, smoke, and wear skirts above their ankles Women Classes became less defined, and a larger middle class was created
Many of the luxuries that the wealthy experienced were gone as war broke out throughout Europe as most of the resources went towards the war effort
After the war, the upper classes never moved back to the extremely extravagant clothing styles they had worn before the war Introduced their culture to the Europeans
They could not serve in the Marines and could only serve in limited positions in the Navy and Coast Guard
By the end of the war they could serve in other positions such as in the cavalry, infantry, signal, medical, engineer, artillery units and others African Americans