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Copy of Rizal's retraction
Transcript of Copy of Rizal's retraction
-The Pros of the Retraction
-The Cons of the Retraction Rizal's Retraction Question: Did Rizal Retract? Retraction - -an act of recanting; specifically a
statement done by one retracting.
-a formal statement of disavowal
(http://www.thefreedictionary.com/retraction) Rizal's exile in Dapitan A Trace of Retraction Rizal's second homecoming was in 1892. On July 3, 1892, Rizal organized
the Liga Filipina. He conceived the
founding of this organization in Europe. Fr. Pastells' Instructions to Fr. Obach Conditions framed by Fr. Pastells before Rizal could be allowed to stay in the convent of the parish Church in Dapitan: 1.) that Rizal publicly RETRACT his errors concerning religion, and make statements that are clearly pro-Spanish and against revolution.
2.)that he perform the Church rites and make a general confession of his past life.
3.)that henceforth he conduct himself in an exemplary manner as a Spanish subject and a man of religion. Gov. General Blanco -served as the Gov. Gen. in
the Philippines from Dec. 9,
-responsible for establish-
ment of electricity in Manila
-became the Captain-General of Cuba from 1897-1898. People Involved:
1.) Fr. Sadera and Fr. Visa
3.)Fr. Vilaclara and Fr. Balaguer
4.) Fr. Faura Retraction Story of 1896 at Rizal's Prison Cell My Dear Parents and Brother:
I would like to see you before I die, though this may cause much pain. Let the brave ones come. There are some important things that I have to tell you. Your son and brother who loves you with all his heart.
Jose Rizal - sent by the Archbishop of Manila to draw back Rizal back to faith.
-brought with them the statue of the Sacred Heart that Rizal had carved
-got out of Rizal's prison cell at around 9 o'clock in the evening after being politely rejected by Rizal Fr. Sadera and Fr. Visa Fr. Rossell and Santiago Mataix - both came to Rizal's cell in an
attempt to have him retract, but
Rizal still repelled the plea of the two. Fr. Vilaclara and Fr. Balaguer - Jesuit priests who were Rizal's friends in his students days
Rizal's response to Fr. Balaguer's warning:
"No, I shall not be condemned. Look, Father, if in order to please you I said yes to everything and senselessly signed everything presented to me, I would be a hypocrite, and I would offend God. I promise you that in the remaining hours of my life I shall employ asking God for the grace of faith. Fr. Faura - entered Rizal's cell together with the civil governor with the same intention as the previous priests
-and like the others, his plea was also denied by Rizal PROs of the Retraction Include the ff: Circumstantial Evidences
Notarized Testimonies Former senator Francisco Rodrigo wrote an article entitled "Rizal Abjured Masonry".
Rodrigo claimed that the "Full text of the retraction" was published in all the local newspapers on the very next day after Rizal's execution and NOT in 1935. Publication of the Retraction Document -published on February 28, 1897, a few months after Rizal's execution
-this became Rodrigo's basis on his claims that the church pronounced Rizal's retraction right after his execution. The pamphlet entitled "La Politica de Espana en Filipinas" 1.) Francisco Roxas
2.) Ramon Padilla
3.) Luis Villareal
4.) Faustino Villareal
5.) Moises Salvador
6.) Jose Dizon
7.) Antonio Salazar
8.) Geronimo Cristobal
9.) General Antonio Luna 9 other Retractions: - another pamphlet published in 1897
containing the full text of Rizal's
retraction. La Mazonizacion de Filipinas; Rizal y Su Ubra Rizal's Marriage to Josephine Bracken Rodrigo asserted that the canonical marriage between Rizal and Josephine by a Catholic priest was a strong evidence of the veracity of the retraction. The book that Rizal gave to Josephine on
the morning of his execution.
- Book entitled Anchor of Salvation which Rizal gave to Trinidad
- Rizal's burial certificate
- Rizal's utterance: " We are on the road to Calvary. I can well realize now the Passion of Christ. Mine is so insignificant. Other Circumtantial evidences: Notarized Testimonies: Fr. Balaguer (notarized August 8, 1917)
Fr. Visa (notarized May 22, 1916)
Fr. Pio (notarized April 7, 1917)
Silvino Lopez Tunon (notarized April 23, 1917)
Archbishop Nozaleda (notarized May 28, 1917)
Gaspar Castano (notarized April 25, 1917)
Fr. Rossell (notarized April 27, 1917)
Luis Taviel de Andrade (notarized May 2, 1917)
Gonzales Feijoo (notarized May 1, 1917) Dr. Otley Beyer's Analysis "I would say offhand, from my experience of 30 to 40
years of examining handwriting documents, that there is
not a single doubt that every word on that sheet of paper
was written by Jose Rizal except the signatures of the
witnesses below. The whole document is his normal
handwriting.......The signature as fas as I can see is
-Dr. Otley Beyer in a
symposium held at Diliman on
March 10, 1950 - -wrote a book entitled; The Triumph Because of Truth: Dr. Rizal Died a Catholic
In his book, he said:
"His warm desire to come back to God and the Church was soon becoming true, Kneeling before Fr. Vilaclara, the minister of the Sacrament, Rizal opened the door of his soul, so that in the Confession he could reveal his wounds, all his sins, that through contrition goodness and beauty that was lost for many years were coming back home." Fr. Martin Legaria O.R.S.A CONs of Retraction: Include the ff:
Long Formula vs. Short Formula Catholic Hierarchy's Document Pro-retractionist like Bassig, Hernandez, Fr. Cavanna, and Dr. Zaide claimed to have a facsimile of the original copy of Rizal's retraction document.
But according to the anti-retractionists, these people committed fraud for basing their copy on the document kept, reproduced, and presented by the Archbishopric of Manila. Argument against Dr. Otley Beyer Dr. Beyer said that the document of Rizal's retraction
was lost, but the Hierarchy claimed to have possessed it,
still in tact.
Beyer claimed to have a photostatic copy of the said
document with the date, 1896. "But the '6' in the Beyer's
copy is visibly differently written from the '6' in
Fr. Cavanna's copy from Rizal's holograph. Dr. Beyer claimed to have seen Rizal's marriage
certificate, but a letter addressed to the Jose Rizal
National Centennial Commission from Cardinal
Santos denied the existence of any marriage certificate. Josephine Bracken's
Autobiography & Retraction Formulas Long Formula:
"I declare myslef catholic. I wish to live and die a
Catholic. I retract with all my heart all that I have said, written, and done against the Church. I believe and profess whatever she (Church) teaches and I submit to whatever she demands; and, second, I abominate Masonry, which is an enemy of the Church and as a society prohibited by the Church. The Diocesan may publish this retraction; which I make spontaneously, to repair as much as possible the scandal produced by my writings and may acts. May all the people pardon me for the harm that I may have caused to many". Short Formula:
"I declare myself catholic. I wish to live and die a
Catholic. I retract with all my heart all that I have said, written, and done against the Church and our Lord
Jesus Christ. The Diocesan may publish this retraction; which I make spontaneously, to repair as much as
possible the scandal produced by my writings and may acts. May all the people pardon me for the harm that I
may have caused to many". The Short Formula Omitted the ff:
1.) I believe and profess whatever she (Church)
teaches and I submit to whatever she demands;
2.) I abominate Masonry, which is an enemy of the
Church and as a society prohibited by the Church.