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Wall Section

Components of a wall section
by

Meghan Marttila

on 10 December 2012

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Transcript of Wall Section

By: Meghan Marttila Components That Make Up a
Wall Section FOOTING SILL PLATE Wall Section * Starting point of building a wall section

* Embedded about one meter into tightly packed soil or ground and is the support system for the structure/building

* Made out of concrete

* In order to connect the next section of the house, rebar is required

* Generally 8" thick and length
and width could vary
depending on the size
of the house SLAB * Used to help build the ground floor of a structure or building

* Placed above the concrete footing

* Made of concrete

* Allows joists to run vertical on it,
for the floor to be placed onto WEEPING TILE * Generally plastic

* Holes in it to release the water away from the house

* Surrounded by gravel or rocks * A pipe used to prevent water from getting into the house

* Placed near the basement, to prevent flooding FOUNDATION WALL * Made of concrete * Connected to the footing by rebar

* Generally 12" thick, and 8'x 8 1/2"

* Supports the house from below the
grade

* Problems with the foundation wall will lead to problems with the rest of the house, it is important to have the foundation wall built just right STUDS * Carries the large load coming from the vertical loads

* Keeps the walls parallel

* Can be made of floor joists, headers etc...

* Typical sizes used are 2"x4" or 2"x6"

* Spacing can vary from 16" O.C, 12" O.C, or 24" O.C DRYWALL * Drywall is placed over the studs on the Foundation wall EAVESDROP AND SHINGLES * The eavesdrop then descends the water away from the house Siding * Prevents water from getting into the house

* There to protect your house from any type of weather that could occur These are the
elements that make
up a wall section
in order * A plate is put onto the foundation wall * Made out of wood ROOF AND MAIN FLOOR
DRYWALL ON STUDS * Also placed underneath the studs that lay vertical on the sill plate

( this is done on the roof too)

* Generally 1/2" Drywall on foundation
wall and ceiling * The shingles overlap so
that the water runs down the roof
and lands in the eavesdrop * Drywall is also placed over the main level of the houses studs Once the joists are on a piece of plywood is placed over top of them as the flooring


* Plywood is also placed on exterior of the studs on the main level wall ROOFING * The slope lies on a specific angle so that the water will run down the roof and proceed away from the house

* A slight over hang is mandatory to
keep the water from running down
the side of the house The same thing occurs in the Main
Level
INSULATION * Insulation is used to keep the house at a comfortable temperature

* It is in between the walls ( foundation and main level) along with in the roof
* A header is placed on top of the sill plate,
the joists are placed up against it example of insulation in the roof What siding should look like
Full transcript