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The Ojibwe and the Four Seasons
Transcript of The Ojibwe and the Four Seasons
An Ojibwe Spring
In early spring, the Ojibwe got on their toboggans and headed off to spring camp.The Ojibwe lived in sugar camp in the spring. The reason they lived in Sugar camp was because they were making maple sugar for part of their food. This was an important time of year because, almost everyone participated in the making of maple sugar. The children helped with part of the process but some older boys and men hunted small animals including rabbits and squirrels. The girls went out into the forest to find berries. Men never hunted larger game such as deer, bear,or moose in the spring because they knew that the larger animals were taking care of their young and did not want to harm them. They also fished in the spring. In spring, they ate maple sugar and fish. This was a time when they repaired or built new canoes.
In the summer time the main thing that the Ojibwe women and some children did was plant corn. That was a big thing for the Ojibwe because corn was one of the foods that they relied on to keep them healthy and a food that they liked. Another thing that the Ojibwe adults did was play "Lacrosse", a sport played which two teams would all have sticks with a pouch on the end of the stick. There would be a ball made of leather, filled with rice or beans. Players would throw the ball back and forth to different players. This occured until the opposing team scored a goal on the other teams side. Which ever team at the end had the most points won the game. The Ojibwe lived in summer camp during the summer. Their summer camp was normally located near a pond, lake, or river. Summer was a time when men would travel and trade to prepare for the fall. During the summer the forests were crowded with lots of berries and plants including grapes and june berries. In the summer they also did not hunt because the mothers were still taking care of their young.
An Ojibwean Fall
In the fall time, the Ojibwe would harvest their crops and go to their fall camps which were usually located by ponds, marshes, or lakes. The reason their fall camp was close to some sort of still water source was because they took part in harvesting wild rice.This was one of the Ojibwe's favorite foods. The Ojibwe harvested wild rice in the fall. This was an important event for the Ojibwe, considering that wild rice was important to their culture. Since wild rice grew in water, the Ojibwe harvested it in canoes. There were two people in the canoes. There was one person in the back pushing the canoe with a long wooden stick, and the one in the front bent the stalks and tapped the grain heads until the wild rice came out. This process took many hours of work but payed off later when they got to eat the rice. The children were taught this value by their elders. They often went along to help collect the rice. The rice was brought back to shore for a long process: storage. This process included putting the rice on big sheets of bark to dry and then man and children would lightly step on the wild rice to grind it down. Then the rice was poured into trays and lightly tossed up in the air so that the wind would blow the chaff off of the rice. Chaff is the outer skin that is on wild rice. the Ojibwe would eat wild rice in the fall after it was harvested. the children would also collect late season berries and the men would hunt geese and ducks.
By Easton Ogg
This presentation is going to be about the Ojibwe and how they act differently to every season. Also the changes that happen throughout the four seasons of the year.
This is what the Ojibwe wore
In the winter time, the Ojibwe lived miles away from their neighbors and were secluded with their families. Winter was a time of gathering. Alot of times this is when elders told stories to children in their wigwams. In the winter, the most skilled hunters would be gone for days hunting large animals such as moose, bears and elk. The boys and older men would trap and hunt smaller animals to keep the family supplied. Food was scarce during this season so the OJibwe lived in clusters of people throughout the winter. Their supply of wild rice, maple sugar, and fish kept them fed throughout the winter. In the winter time they played lacrosse as they did in the summer too but it was on ice.