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The Qin Dynasty

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Isabella Welsh

on 14 November 2014

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Transcript of The Qin Dynasty

The Qin Dynasty
Government
The country was united under one government
Shang Yang, a foreign adviser, greatly changed the policies of the government to where there was less influence on tradition and a focus on better efficiency
This government was known as Legalism
Emperor Shi Huangdi approved of Shang Yang's policies and applied them across his land
Although many people hated Shi Huangdi and Shang Yang's Legalism, it brought great efficiency and strength to the state


Art/Literature/Architecture
Shi Huangdi built the Great Wall of China, a barrier that linked earlier walls across the northern frontier of China that took a very long time to construct
Scholars had many books on medicine, divining, agriculture, and herbs but Qin Shi Huangdi didn't want his people to be educated so he tried to burn all of them
As a result, there weren't many pieces of literature during the Qin dynasty
Life-sized, clay Terracotta soldiers were found buried with Shi Huangdi (to be with him in the afterlife)
Each one was unique and very detailed
Wars/Conquests
Inventions
Language
People everywhere were required to write the same set of symbols
People from different regions could communicate with each other in writing since there was a written language
This gave them a sense of shared culture and a common identity
Gunpowder
Compasses
Paper money
Bronze coins
Contributions
Legalism
Standardized writing/language/money/system of measurement
Irrigation Projects
Building of the Great Wall
Terracotta army
Expanded network of roads and canals
Multiplication table
Leaders
In 221 BC, King Ying Zheng (Shi Huangdi) successfully unified China with a strong government and strict laws and punishments
King Ying Zheng was the first emperor of a united China This lead to the name Qin Shi Huangdi
His two greatest achievements were the Great Wall and the Terracotta Warriors and Horses
He had a great influence on Chinese history and culture
After Emperor Shi Huangdi passed away, his son, Hu Hai, had risen to the throne
He became Emperor Er Shi
His reign only lasted for 3 years
During a revolt in the people, Emperor Er Shi committed suicide
After his nephew took the throne, the people killed him and the other Qin imperial family members 50 days later
Laws
Shi Huangdi set up a uniform system of law with strict laws and harsh punishments
Any citizen who disobeyed new standards would face severe punishments
Because Emperor Shi Huangdi was a legalist (thinks everyone is bad), he thought that it was necessary to control their lives
Punishments were given to the slightest of things
For example, if a peasant was too slow or lazy on the job, he/she were either put to death or sent to work on the wall
Music/Dance
Clothing
Roles of the People
Social Structure
Food
Achievements
Religion
Review
Sources
http://www.travelchinaguide.com/attraction/shaanxi/xian/terra_cotta_army/qin_shihuang_1.htm
http://www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/history/qin/
https://www.bcps.org/offices/lis/models/chinahist/dynasties.html
http://brandonqindynasty.weebly.com/
https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CAcQjRw&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.writework.com%2Fessay%2Fdid-qin-shi-huangdi-unify-china-extent-his-rule-brutal-tyr&ei=BOFfVKSHNIyqyASz3IGYAg&bvm=bv.79189006,d.aWw&psig=AFQjCNGc6QWsG0aRvXNldFW4uB4g7aUuow&ust=1415656066913746
https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CAcQjRw&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.smithsonianmag.com%2Fhistory%2Fterra-cotta-soldiers-on-the-march-30942673%2F&ei=E3FfVNypMNWyyASev4LQCg&psig=AFQjCNGqCwe5EsiUdOQ93iFOYG3EiYjMXA&ust=1415627410110376
https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CAcQjRw&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.britannica.com%2FEBchecked%2Fmedia%2F119465%2FShihuangdi-statue-near-his-tomb-in-Xian-China&ei=4XNfVICWIoekyQT014HoAw&psig=AFQjCNHcqC9VatUxPy-IiVhGYafwHkEdNA&ust=1415628118040849
http://www.ancient.eu/Qin_Dynasty/
http://www.learnchinesehistory.com/qin-dynasty/
http://www.chinaknowledge.de/History/Han/qin-literature.html
http://www.paulnoll.com/China/Music/mus-zheng.html
http://www.uschinatrade.com/zhongmei/dynasty.htm
http://www.cits.net/china-guide/china-traditions/qin-han-dynasty-clothing.html
http://tbiegel.wix.com/qin-dynasty-daniel
http://primaltrek.com/chinesecoins.html
https://prezi.com/-y_kotcb4m1r/the-qin-dynasty-ancient-china/
http://www.slideshare.net/RidgeviewGrade7/eric-w-ancient-china-qin-dynasty
http://theqin-dynasty-ag.weebly.com/art-religion-and-culture.html
https://www.boundless.com/art-history/textbooks/boundless-art-history-textbook/chinese-and-korean-art-before-1279-14/the-qin-dynasty-96/art-of-the-qin-dynasty-459-5603/
The Qin had conquered many states, and eventually all of China, thus gaining control of them
They created a unified China
A peasant, Liu Bang, had started a revolt against Qin's government officials
People all over the country had joined in on the revolt
They killed the Qin imperial family members
They burned the capital at Xianyang
Then Liu Bang became the next emperor, Emperor Gaodi in 206 BCE (this is the start of the next dynasty, the Western Han)
A popular instrument that was played during the Qin dynasty was the zheng
The zheng has an arched surface with 13-21 strings and it rests on two pedestals
The strings were made of silk
Two dances that were performed during the Qin dynasty were the dance of the Ancient Sorcerers and the Emperor Qin Calls on His Soldiers
The Dance of the Ancient Sorcerers was performed to cure illnesses and a way to channel a connection with the gods
The Emperor Qin Calls on His Soldiers was performed to celebrate the strength, grace, and agility of the Terracotta soldiers
Black was used as a superior color to symbolize the power of water
Many people with a higher status wore ornaments that were black/dark color
Common people could only wear cloth made of linen, colored with white/pale yellow
The role of women was to weave and sell their woven products in shops
They also had to foot bind
The role of girls was to weave as well
The role of boys was to get trained to become warriors and to get educated
By Sydney Paek, Isabella Welsh, Ethan Tate, & Anthony Shevchenko
The social structure during the Qin Dynasty goes in this order of highest to lowest:
The emperor
His advisers
Generals
Nobles
Officials
Scholars
Soldiers
Workers
Peasants
Chinese people that were rich would consume a much more diverse meal than those that are poor
Their diet would include rice, noodles, lettuce, stew, and meat
Occasionally they'd eat duck legs, cow hearts, and cow tongues
They drank rice wine with their meals
For the more poorer people, they often didn't have enough food to eat
Sometimes they'd have to just eat plain rice, tofu, and soup with vegetables
But to make them taste better they'd add strong flavored spices and ginger
They drank weak green tea with their meals
The Chinese built a network of roads that connected the capital to every part of the empire
These roads made it easier to travel and it helped the army move more quickly and easily to put down revolts in distant areas
The water system in China had improved
Canals were built to connect the country's rivers
They improved transportation, making shipping goods from north to south easier and faster
The Great Wall was built to keep out invaders (this took a great deal of time to build)
The clay Terracotta Army
The emperor was interested in Daoist practices because he wanted to prolong his life and gain immortality
The three main religions practiced were Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism
They believed in the afterlife
They believed in Yin and Yang (male and female energies complimented each other)
Government
Shang Yang introduced Legalism to Emperor Shi Huangdi and new policies were applied to the land
Although their Legalism was hated by many people, it brought strength and great efficiency
Leaders
The most powerful leader of the Qin Dynasty was King Ying Zheng (he later changed his name to Shi Huangdi)
After Shi Huangdi died, his son Hu Hai (Emperor Er Shi) rose to the throne
Laws
Shi Huangdi made very strict laws and harsh punishments
Art/Literture/Architecture
Buried with Shi Huangdi were detailed, clay Terracota soldiers that were very artistic
Scholars had many books on medicine, herbs, divining, and agriculture (but were later burned by Shi Huangdi)
The Great Wall was an enormous structure that took a long time to build
Wars/Conquests
The Qin Dynasty conquered all of China
A revolt (started by Liu Bang) against the Qin's government officials led to the deaths of the Qin imperial family and the burning of the capital at Xianyang
Inventions
The compass, gunpowder, bronze coins, and paper money were invented during the Qin Dynasty
Contributions
Legalism, standardized writing/language/money/system of measurement, irrigation projects, the Great Wall, the Terra cotta army, expanded network of roads and canals, and the multiplication table
Language
People everywhere were required to write the same symbols
Communication through writing became easier and it gave the people a shared culture and a common identity
Music/Dance
A popular instrument that was played during the Qin dynasty was the zheng
Two dances that were performed during the Qin dynasty were the dance of the Ancient Sorcerers and the Emperor Qin Calls on His Soldiers
Clothing
Many people with a higher status wore ornaments that were black/dark color while common people could only wear cloth made of linen, colored with white/pale yellow
Roles of the People
Women- weave and sell their woven products in shops and foot binding
Girls- weave objects
Boys- get trained to become warriors and to get educated
Social Structure
The social structure during the Qin Dynasty goes in this order: the emperor, his advisers, generals, nobles, officials, scholars, soldiers, workers, and peasants
Food
Chinese people that were rich would consume a much more diverse meal than those that are poor
Achievements
The canals and the network of roads for easier trade and transportation, the improvement of the water system, the Great Wall, and the clay Terracotta army
Religion
The emperor was interested in Daoist practices
The three main religions practiced were Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism
They believed in the afterlife and they believed in yin and yang
Full transcript