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EU Law

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on 23 March 2013

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Transcript of EU Law

Commission Enployment, Social Affaires and Equal Oppurtunities Introduction The European Commission's Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities works towards:

the creation of workplaces
an inclusive society and equal opportunities for all
brings practical benefits to citizens, for exemple: finding a job, moving to another Member State for work The areas in which they are active include support for: More and better jobs
Free movement of workers and coordination of social security schemes
Better working conditions
Social inclusion and non-discrimination
Equality between men and women Commissioners Mr László Andor Member of the European Commission responsible for employment, social affairs and inclusion Activities in the following areas: •Employment
•Social inclusion and social protection
•Free movement of workers
•Social security coordination
•Labour law
•Health and safety at work
•Social dialogue
•European Social Fund
•European Globalisation Adjustment Fund
•PROGRESS programme
•Roma Ms Viviane Reding •Gender equality
•People with disabilities
•Roma Vice-President of the European Commission
Her portfolio covers justice, fundamental rights and citizenship This includes EU policies in the following areas: Employment The EU is working to create more and better jobs, particularly through the European Employment Strategy
joint action by national governments
trade unions, employer's organisations, local authorities and other partners 1. European Employment Strategy developed in order to encourage exchange of information and joint discussions by all Member States
works together to help create a wide range of better jobs dialogue between the Member States and the European Commission
official documents
key role in the coordination of the objectives and priorities at the EU level
organised along common indicators and measurable targets concerning employment How does this work in practice? 2. Employment Committee Important role in implementation of the European Employment Strategy
Treaty-based Committee (Art. 130 of the EU Treaty, in 2000)
Committee prepares discussions in the Council of the employment package
Two sub-groups: Ad hoc group, Indicators group
Regularly meeting with the Social Partners at EU level to discuss issues of mutual interest
Each Member State and the Commission nominates two Members and two alternates one of the EU's Structural Funds
financial support
set up to reduce differences in prosperity and living standards
economic and social cohesion
is devoted to promoting employment in the EU
makes Europe's workforce and companies better equipped PROGRESS Program is the EU's employment and social solidarity programme
financial support (2007-2013)
ensures that EU social policy remains on course to face the key policy challenges
works to support Member States creating more and better jobs
to guarantee equal opportunities for all and to implement EU laws uniformly Free movement of workers - Mobility What does free movement of workers mean? entitles EU citizens to look for a job in another country
to work there without needing a work permit
to live there for that purpose
to stay there even after the employment has finished
to enjoy equal treatment with nationals in access to employment
has existed since the foundation of the European Community (1957)
most important right under Community law for individuals
declared in Article 39 of the EC Treaty Who is covered by Article 39 EC? applies to the so-called migrant workers
i.e. EU nationals who leave one EU country to go work in another EU country
applies to EU nationals who return to their country of origin after having exercised this right to free movement •undertakes genuine and effective work
•under the direction of someone else
•for which he is paid A worker is a person who: Self-employed persons, students, retired or non-active persons are not covered by Article 39 EC but by other provisions of Community law. Enlargement between the EU countries that joined the EU on 1 May 2004 and on 1 January 2007 may be restricted during a transitional period of maximum seven years after accession. Non-EU nationals may also have the right to work in an EU country
be treated equally with EU nationals as regards conditions of work
these rights depend on nationality and different agreements and other EU rules Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway Switzerland Turkey Other countries that have an agreement with the EU Countries with no agreement Rights at work EU employment legislation guarantees minimum levels of protection that apply to everyone living and working in the European Union Legal rights Health and safety at work
Equal opportunities for women and men
Protection against discrimination
Labour law Labour law body of legislation
defines your rights and obligations as workers and employers in the workplace. Two main areas: •Working conditions (working time, part-time and fixed-term work, and posting of workers)
•Information and consultation of workers How does it works? The European Community has worked towards achieving a high level of employment and social protection -> to support and complement the activities of the Member States in the area of social policy -> adopts legislation defining minimum requirements at EU level -> the Member States transpose the Community law into their national law and implement it -> national authorities are responsible for the enforcement of the national transposition measures ->The Commission controls the transposition of EU law EU Coordination to improve social welfare The EU coordinates and encourages national governments
to combat poverty and social exclusion
to reform their social welfare systems by learning from each other
to tackle the challenges posed by demographic change
to prepare for the effects of population ageing by focusing upon the emerging opportunities
to report regularly Tackling discrimination •Racial or ethnic origin
•Religion and belief
•Sexual Orientation
•Age EU anti-discrimination legislation has been in place to ensure minimum levels of equal treatment and protection for everyone living and working in Europe Supporting organisations
Raising awareness
Governmental expert group in the field of non-discrimination Key imporance of informing people! People with disabilities equal rights and treatement
entitled to dignity
independent living and full participation in society
Disability Action Plan
promoting the active inclusion and full participation of disabled people in society
Member States set their own employment policies on the basis of the European Employment Strategy (EES) guideline
Social Protection, Social Inclusion
same individual choices and control in their daily lives as non-disabled people
EU also supports the case for the de-institutionalisation of disabled people
Full transcript