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How did Stresemann try to stabilize Germany from 1923-1929?
Transcript of How did Stresemann try to stabilize Germany from 1923-1929?
was in crisis. It had to cope with:-
- Versailles Treaty (June 1919)
- Spartacist Uprising (January 1919)
- Kapp Putsch (March 1920)
- Occupation of the Ruhr (January 1923)
- Munich Putsch (November 1923)
- Hyperinflation (1923) In August 1923 Gustav Stresemann
was appointed Foreign Minister and Chancellor of Weimar Germany. He was going to have to solve Germany's problems. Problem 1
How was Stresemann going
to solve the money problems?
How was he going to stop
money being worthless?
a new currency, the
Rentenmark, and stopped printing money.
This stopped hyperinflation, and money rose in value. It also restored confidence in the economy.
People who had lost their savings,or businesses because of hyperinflation, were still unhappy with the Weimar government. Problem 2
Where was he going to get
money from to rebuild Germany,
and begin reparations again? Solution-Dawes Plan 1924
- Germany was given a large loan from America.
- Reparations set at £132,000 Million Marks, instead of £620,000 Million
- The French troops in the Ruhr were to be removed.
Germany had to pay less
reparations, and was able
to rebuilt Germany.
Workers were able to return
to the coal mines in the Ruhr. Some people were angry
with the Dawes Plan. Many believed that Germany should not be paying
reparations at all. Problem 3- Foreign Policy
Germany was not popular
in Europe. Solution
Stresemann helped Germany by
signing the League of
Nations in 1925.
This was an international group of counteries, that met to preserve peace and settle arguments by discussion. Some people thought Germany
should not develop friendship
with Europe. This was because
of the Treaty of Versailles. Solution
Locarno Pact 1925
This was Signed with Britain, France, Belgium and Italy, which accepted Germanys Western borders. Basically an agreement that all the countries involved, would not invade eachother. Result
Germany began to develop
friendship in Europe, and grew in
power in Europe. Solution
Stresemann signed the Kellogg-Briand Pact in1928.
It was signed by over 60 countries and made war forbidden. Solution- The Young Plan 1929
Stresemann organised as Foriegn Minister that the total sum of reparation to be paid was reduced to 37,000 million marks.
Annual payments, were to be made over 58 years.
This allowed more money to
be spent on Germany. The problem was that Germany
still had to pay back the money to America. Some people were angry that Germany was paying any reparations at all. Were these solutions
Germany was accepted by the international community and not ignored.
Germany had a voice in European Politics. Were these solutions
Economically-In the late 1920's the Weimar government spent lots of money on housing and
There was a rise in car
There were more jobs and wages increased.
Less money had to be spent on reparartions.
Money became valuable again. But......
Still Stresemann was
unpopular with the
German people, as
reparations were still
being paid. Past Question
'Stresemann did not really
solve the problems of the
Weimar Republic, he only
appeared to do so.' How
far do you agree with this
statement? Explain your
Statement..How far do you agree?
Level 1 (1-2)= General comments.
Level 2 (3-4)= Identifies examples, but no examples given.
Level 3 (5-6)= Explains specific examples.
Level 4 (7) = Looks at the argument for both sides.
Level 5 (8)= Looks at the argument for both sides, and also explains if the argument for one side is more persuasive then the other side.