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The Expansion of Industry
Transcript of The Expansion of Industry
-Thomas Alva Edison was a pioneer on the new industrial frontier when he established the world's 1st research laboratory in New Jersey
-He created the light bulb and invented an entire system for producing and distributing electrical power
-George Westinghouse helped Edison make electricity cheaper and safer
-Electric street cars made urban travel cheap and efficient
-Electricity allowed manufactures to locate their power plants wherever they wanted
-Allowed industry to grow like never before
Bessemer Steel Process
-In 1887, prospectors discovered iron ore diposites more than 100 miles long and up to 3 miles wide in the Mesabi range of Minnesota
- The bessemer steel process was developed by a British manufacturer, Henry Bessemer and American iron maker William Kelly in 1850
- The process involved injecting air into molten iron to remove carbon and other impurities in order to make steel
- In the 1840's, they started using kerosene to light lamps
- Edwin L Drake successfully used a steam engine to drill for oil near Titusville, Pennsylvania
- It started an oil boom that spread to Kentucky, Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, and later Texas
- Gasoline (the byproduct of kerosene) was thrown away until the automobile became popular
Inventions Change Lifestyles
-In 1867, Christopher Sholes invented the typewritter and changed the world of work
-It affected office work and created new jobs for women
-In 1876, the telephone was created by Alexander Graham Bell with the help of Thomas Watson
-It opened a way for worldwide communications network
-Industrialization freed some factory workers from backbreaking labor and helped improve workers standard of living.
-By 1890, the average amount of work per week dropped about 10 Hours
New Uses For Steel
-Railroads became the biggest costumers for steel
-Joseph Gildden's barbed wire and John Deere's farm machines helped produce the plains into the food producer of the nation.
-Used steel to make the Brooklyn Bridge(one of the most remarkable structures)
-Could now build buildings as high as they wanted with the help of a steel frame
-William Baron created the first skyscraper
Natural Resources Fuel Industrialization
The Expansion of Industry
By: Hannah C, Hollie P, and Mikayla F.
Factors of the Economic Boom
-wealth of natural resorces
- government support for buisness
-growing urban population that provided cheap labor and markets for produce