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The Medieval Manor Questions

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Beatrize Roque

on 3 December 2012

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Transcript of The Medieval Manor Questions

Questions The Medieval Manor Describe a Typical Medieval Manor In What Ways Was It Self Sufficient? Define the following related words List 2 Duties a Lord Owed to His Peasants List 3 Obligations a Peasant Owed His Lord Describe the Three-Field System of Crop Rotation That Was Developed in The Middle Ages 1a) A typical medieval manor consists of a manor house, which is where the lord of the manor,knights and nobles lived, a lords demesne which is described on question 2, 3 fields (2 planted and 1 fallow) a church, for them to pray, a mill , a blacksmith shop for weapons and other items, and a tannery where they would take the leather from animals. Manors had skilled people to do most jobs like thatching a roof or fletching an arrow. Usually manors were located near a stream or river which they drew water, the stream would also power the mill to grind grain for bread. They also would be near forests for the lords hunting parties. The lord always had some land on the manor for his own called a “demesne” (See question 2 for more details). Basically this is all a land needs to become a self-sufficient/successful manor. 1b) All of those things help the manor to be self-sufficent.The manor is self sufficient because everything you need to survive is inside the manor. It had lots of food for everyone who lived on it, mostly from the fields, many jobs for people to make a living and to help others out, protection from the lord etc. Inside the manor, you can live with all your basic needs. See question 1.a for more details about the manor. Its important for a manor to be self sufficient because the transportation wasn't that great, meaning they couldn't rely on food, tools and clothes to arrive from shipments, because its too expensive and the wait would be too long. 2) Serf: The serfs were kept outside the circle of power and had few rights. They virtually had no power and were considered part of the property, but the lords could not take away their right to farm and live on the manor. Serfs didn't own the land they lived on, so they were expected to work at least 3 times a week.

Freeholders: A freeholder is not that much different from a serf except the freeholders actually owned the land they farmed, which they paid a yearly fee to the lord of the manor. Demesne: A demesne (pronounced “Di-mane”) is the land owned by the lord for his own use and profit, in the demesne there is gardens and orchards around the manor house and some strips of land in the manor fields.

Bailiffs: Most of the lords did their own work for their estates, but some had bailiffs. Bailiffs were the people that collected rent, supervised serfs, and the freeholders on the manor. A bailiff has a higher social ranking than serfs and freeholders. 3) As you might think the peasants owed the lord everything, the lord actually owed them things such as protection from harm, and land to farm to grow their crops. 4) Peasants were obligated to work a few times a week farming for the lord, pay their taxes and fees or a percentage of crops and also a peasant had to remain loyal and not leave the manor is he/she wanted to. 5) The 3 field crop rotation is when the manor has 3 fields, 2 planted and 1 fallow. The 3 field system is a technique the farmers came up with in the middle ages so they could have food all year round. For each field they grew cereal one year and nitrogen generating crop the second, in the third year, the field was left fallow; which means no crops were planted and weeds were ploughed under twice. This loosened the soil, controlled plant diseases and killed weeds. With 3 fields, the farmers could always have 2 fields producing crops while the third lay fallow, this helped them create a sustainable balance between maintaining the productivity of their fields and planting enough crops to feed the local population. By:Beatrize
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