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Madagascar

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by

Ana Pricope

on 2 January 2016

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Transcript of Madagascar

Republic of Madagascar
587.041 square km.
World´s 4th largest island.
It split away: more than 120 million years ago.
Capital: Antananarivo.
Indian Ocean.
Development and military
United Nations
·20 September 1960
INDEX
Government & People
Development & Military
Economy
United Nations
Conflicts & Issues
SOURCES
Destroyed by the movie
Conflicts & Issues
Adopted on the 14 of October of 1958 .
Red: sovereignty.
Green: hope.
White: purity.
Major conflicts

IDPs: 21,475 (2015)
Main problems
Weather
Trafficking in persons
Deforestation
Child labour
Ethnic/cultural issues
● Recent article
about Madagascar:
Refugee problems
Past
Present
Harsh French colonial rule.
1947 uprising.
Jean Ravelonarivo
Hery Martial Rakotoarimanana Rajaonarimampianina
Chief of the state
Head of the government
Eastern Africa
Location
Republic
Flag
Languages
OFFICIAL: French and Malagasy.
Also, people speak English
Independence in 1960.
Military seized power in early 70s to create a socialist paradise.
This didn't happen.
Economy declined. By 1982 authorities had to make a structural adjustment program imposed by the IMF.
In 2009, Andry Rajoelina's gained power and:
left the country isolated by international community.
deprived of foreign aid
His government ended
w/the election of a new president
Society
Population
23.812.618.
Growth rate: 2.58%
Illiteracy: 29,4%
Live expectancy: 65 years.
Hery Rajaonarimampianina. His efforts to improve country's life standard and economy didn't succed.
Impeachment in May 2015.
Major religions
Small numbers of French and South Asians.

Behtsimisáraka
.
Near Toamasina
Tsimihety
.
Based in
N highlands.
The
Merina
Antananarivo
The
Bétsiléo
Fianarantsoa
Sakalawa &

Antandroy
(west)
Antaisaka
Southeast
Culture
Arabs.
Indians.
British.
French.
Standard of Living
Declined during past 25 years.
68.7 % below poverty limit.
Members of farming families.
Major poverty: in most densely provinces Antananarivo, Fianarantsoa and Toamasina.
Antananarivo
Fianarantsoa
Poverty/Tourism
Toamasina
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/country_profiles/default.stm
http://www.infoplease.com/
http://standardoflivinginmadagascar1.weebly.com/poverty-cycle.html
http://www.geocases1.co.uk/printable/Deforestation%20of%20TRF%20a%20case%20study%20of%20Madagascar.pdf
http://www.un.org/apps/newstory.aspNewsID=48985#.Vh1c3nrtmkq
http://wildmadagascar.org/

The country is exposed to children and women forced labors redirected to sex traffic.
Women are forced to work as domestic workers in countries where are vulnerable to abuse caused by recruitment agencies and workers.
Kids are obliged to prostitute themselves, to be used as slaves, to beg - related to child sex tourism, increasing in coast. Main clients are local men.
Men are forced to work for Chinese-flagged fishing vessels in South Africa .
Storms & floods
Cyclons
Cyclone Manou (2003)
Cyclone Haruna (2013)
75% island's species are found only on Madagascar.
Large-scale deforestation since 70s
Less than 10 % is remaining.
More than 300 (plants and animals) are in risk of extinction.
1997 - National park established to give protection to unique wild species.
http://news.yahoo.com/madagascar-four-sentenced-hard-labour-life-over-mob-184554571.html
Madagascar: four sentenced to hard labour for life over mob lynching
Madagascar
By tha flawless squad:
Marta Abanades, Yasmin Bennouna, Lorena Castro, Sara López & Ana Pricope
Development status
Political crisis in Madagascar has taken a heavy toll on its economy and its people.
Poverty :a big part of the population is living under 2$ a day.
Economic colonies.
Climate
Madagascar is subtropical
Hot rainy seasons= November to April.
Cooler dry seasons =May to October
Wet season in Madagascar hottest time in the year .
Enviromental problems
DEFORESTATION
AGRICULTURAL FIRES
EROSION
OVEREXPLOTATION OF LIVING RESOURCES
INTRODUCTION OF NEW SPECIES
·3.605M $
Payment status
Intervened conflicts
·2009: UN Effort Team from Madagascar appealed for a fund to help people affected by crisis and natural phenomena.

Peacekeeping
·DPKO: maintains international peace and security
·15 current peacekeeping operations + 1 special political mission.
·Each member states finances the DPKO depending on a specific formula
Human rights violation
·2009 (during political crisis): security forces used excessive force, killed and injured demonstrators.
·2014: the UNFAO raised a fund of 1M $ for repairing damage caused by a locust plague.
They also prohibited freedom of speech, assemblies and the right to a fair trial.
Economy
Economic System
GDP: $1,400 (2014 est.)
Growth rate3% (2014 est.)
Major Cities
Infrastructure Status
Balance of payments and trade
Major Trade Partners
International monetary fund and world bank positions
Natural Resources
Energy Resources
Graphite, Chromite, Salt, Fish, Hydropower, Mica, Vanilla...
Biomass, Charcoal, Electricity, Petrol...
Major exports
and imports
Unemployment rate:
-NA%
3.6% (2012 est.)
Population below poverty line:
50% (2004 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 2.2%
highest 10%: 34.7% (2010 est.)
Distribution of family income - Gini index:
47.5 (2001)
38.1 (1999)

1.Antananarivo -1, 391, 433 inhabitants.
2.Tomasina-206, 737 inhabitants.
3.Antsirabe-186, 253 inhabitants.
4.Fianarantsoa-167, 227 inhabitants.
5.Mahajanga-154, 657 inhabitants.
GDP and Growth Rate
Coffe, Vanilla, Shellfish, Sugar, Capital Goods, Petroleum...
every year a third of madagascar burns
Military
MILITARY ORGANISATION
Branches: Armed Forces: comprising Intervention Force, Development Force, and Aeronaval - Navy and Air - Force; National Gendarmerie
Military manpower - age : 20 years of age
Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49:
Military manpower - fit for service: males age 15-49
Major weapons
tavy agriculture
fuelwood and charcoal production
loss of topsoil
864.8 MILLION DOLLARS ON EXPORT
+
2.742 BILLION DOLLARS ON IMPORT
% of GDP spent on defence
the percent spent on GDP defence is 0.7
Central Bank Discount Rate: 5%
In Comparison to the World: 75
Agriculture , including fishing and foresty is a mainstain of the economy.
The economy of Madagascar is overwhemingly Agricultural, largely of a subsistence type; the best farmland is in the East and North West.
Trade blocs/ associations
Industries: meat proccesing, seafood, oap, beer, leather, sugar, textiles, glassware, cement, automobile assembly plant, paper, petroleum, tourism, mining.
Industrial production growth rate: 6.5%
tanks
armored cars
artillery
anti-aircraft
anti-tank
small arms
naval
aircraft
Full transcript