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Genres of Latin Music

An analysis of various styles of music.
by

Manny Schulze

on 18 April 2012

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Transcript of Genres of Latin Music

Visual Communication Suzy Jang
Mohhammed Tall
Sabele Patterson
Khaliah Mason
Manny Schulze
Rachel Kwaw Tango Son Salsa Samba No Single Source The History of Tango Music The origins of tango is obscure and largely unknown.
The accepted theory in the
Mid 1800s.
Tango- African slaves and freeblacks gathered to dance. Juan D’ Arienzo and Rodolfo-
Responsible for electric rhythm.
Most beautiful couple dance the world has ever seen.
Expression of Argentine culture
The peak of tango Where Did Tango Come From? Anacaona •Samba also originated from Africa and African religious traditions. Arsenio Rodríguez Where is son now? Some of the instruments used in son…. What is Son? •Samba is a Brazilian dance and musical genre that originated from Brazil. •It originated between the late 19th century and early 20th century from Rio de Janeiro which is the second biggest city in Brazil. •Samba is known worldwide as a symbol of Brazil and Brazilian Carnival, and it has become an icon of Brazil national identity. Origin/ Influences
Salsa comes directly from Cuban son which is a combination of Spanish and African influences.
European part of Salsa music is mainly the melodies and harmony of the region Spain while the African part is from the western coast where the slave trade was most prevalent. Beliefs- that justice will be served to all, monogamy Salsa Dance Salsa before getting recognized in America was prevalent beginning in the 1930s in the Latin America.
As immigration to the U.S. grew, Latin Musicians mainly in NY were Puerto Rican and it was these performers who innovated the style of salsa music which were based of Cuban music.
Artists such as Willie Colon, traveled through the Bronx and Puerto Rico while collecting Afro- Cuban influences through his music which allowed the major spread of salsa throughout New York.
Turning point of Salsa music was by the late 90s into the new 19th century when salsa became diverse including many other influences such as hip hop music.
After this time, Salsa became one of the most popular music in the world. Salsa Music • Modern Samba developed in the early 20th century. • Samba in the early 20th century was very unpopular, however in 1917 “Pelo Telefone” (“By Telephone”) was recorded and became the first Samba hit. It received huge success and made way for a larger audience. • This song was said to be created by a collective of musicians. Modern Influences • Samba was influenced by U.S. music doing the 20th century such as being introduced to instruments like the trombone, trumpet, flute, and clarinet. • Popular Samba music of the 21 century was influenced by jazz rhythms and Latin music. The music is lively and rapid and produced by 2/4 or 4/4 time. Culture When Samba first emerged it was played only with drums, strings and other bass instruments.
Samba music culture is very energetic and an exciting culture.
Dancing is a big part of Samba’s culture. The oldest Samba dance is a solo dance called “samba no pe”.
Samba is the result of mix heritage from the Portuguese songs, African rhythms, and the fast paced Indian ceremony meeting global influences. Celebrities Tania Maria is a famous samba artist who has recorded hit songs such as, Samba de Orly, South of Brazil, Come with me, and many others. Sergio Mendes is a Brazilian musician who has incorporated jazz and funk into his music. And he is noted for working with the Black Eyed Peas in 2006, on their song “Mas Que Nada.” Illustration Genres that we will talk about. Bossanova Tropicalia Son Samba Tango Benny Moré Ibrahim Ferrer Salsa Origin Modern Modern Samba developed in the early 20th century.
Samba in the early 20th century was very unpopular, however in 1917 “Pelo Telefone” (“By Telephone”) was recorded and became the first Samba hit. It received huge success and made way for a larger audience.
This song was said to be created by a collective of musicians. Bossanova Tropicalia Influenced by jazz and considered a form of samba-jazz, the bossa nova is distinctive in its rhythm and fairly simple in its instrumentation. In its basic form, it is performed with a finger-picked guitar and vocalist. Piano is often added, and percussion is not a major part of the sound Most famous of all Brazilian musical forms.
Derived from the samba
Bossa nova literally means the “new way”
Originally perceived to be an easy-going type of pass-time
It was criticized Bossa nova Roots Origins
Bourgeois Taste
Social Irresponsibility
Message
Nationalism and Patriotism
Social Consciousness Bossa nova Song The Girl from Ipanema
Film Black Orpheus (Orfeu Negro)
Composition
Beat Characteristic One of the most important movements in Brazilian music history.
Musical revolution
Social and political movement Values Rock influence Content and sound Development of modern Brazilian music New concept It questioned the establishment Tropical Roots born in the state of Bahia. Caetano Veloso and Gilberto Gil.
Conglomeration of artists - Musical production Tropicalia Path Victim of political repression
Permanent mark
Additional innovation
Influences abroad Origins Massive immigration of Africans, Spanish, Italian, British and Russian.
The result: intermixing, sharing and coping.
A giant melting pot of cultures The main influence were the Africans.
African rhythms meets Argentine + Milonga music.
Tango has no single influence Oldest tango written was by Rosendo Mendizabal
Angel Villoldo in 1905 - Wrote “El Choclo” Contributions Italians- Violins
Bandoneon brought by Germans or sailors.
1912, Juan Magolio “Pacho”
1915, Pascual Contursi- “Mi Noche Triste” The Golden Age of Tango Argentine Dance Nicole Scherzinger & Derek Hough - Dancing With The Stars - Argentine tango The History of Tango Dance It all started with prostitution.
Shortage of women made Prostitution a thriving business.
Dancing mainly took place in brothels, bars and dance halls. Finding a Woman Visit a prostitute or dance
Men needed to be good dancers.
These were the people who created tango as a dance. The Spread of Tango Started out in poor Neighborhoods.
Began to spread to higher-Class families.
Tango was seen as shameful
Politicians condemned it-“lewd dance" Fall of Tango Tango began to die out in the 1950s
Banned as subversive
Tango went underground
Rock and roll took over ComeBack Argentine became one of the 10 richest nations.
The rich introduces tango back into society.
The elites originally shunned tango.
Tango became the dance of the Moment.
Spread to Paris, London, Rome, Berlin and New York. - group of Latin rhythmic styles that contain a clave beat. This clave beat is a synthesis of European and African musical influences that were born in Cuba. Salsa begins with a songlike section normally followed by a montuno break with call and response vocals, instrumental breaks and jazzy solos.
The most important instruments in salsa mainly include percussion, trumpets, trombones, and base guitar. Spread of Salsa Salsa dance is normally known as a partner dance, although there are solo forms, line dancing, and other forms where groups of couples exchange partners in a circle.
The most well known styles of salsa are Cali-style, Cuban, LA, NY, and Puerto Rican Style. Cali - style Cuban - style LA - style NY - style/ Puerto Rican also known as Columbian is when dancers do not shift their body weight, they keep their upper body still while the feet execute endless intricacies. Most importantly the footwork of this style is quick rapid steps and skipping motions. is an expression of popular social culture and is exclusive to dancing on the downbeat. (On 1, 3, 5, 7) places strong emphasis on sensuousness, theatric, aerobics and musicality. The lifts, stunts and aerial works of today’s salsa are origins of Latin Ballroom and Ballet lifts. similar to the LA style because it is also danced in a line but instead it is danced on upbeats. (On 2, 4, 6, 8) Reggaeton Reggaeton The first Reggae recordings in Latin America were made in Panama in the mid-1970s. Reggaeton blends Jamaican musical influences of reggae and dancehall, and Trinidadian soca with those of Latin America, such as bomba, plena, salsa, latin pop and bachata as well as those of hip hop, contemporary R&B, and electronica. The influence of this genre has spread to the wider Latino communities in the United States, as well as the Latin American audience. 2004 was the year that reggaeton gained widespread popularity in the United States and non-Hispanic Europe. Daddy Yankee came out with his album Barrio Fino and his hit single "Gasolina" which spread around the world becoming a mega-hit and with it introducing reggaeton to the rest of the world. REGGAETON AROUND THE WORLD Latin America Reggaeton is very popular in Latin American countries such as Honduras, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Mexico, Cuba, and Venezuela.
Reggaeton has become staple music in many parties and events, complementing the common mix of merengue, salsa and electronic music, and has paved a huge fan base. Puerto Rico Reggaeton derives from the post-Salsa music youth generation of the '80s and early '90s in Puerto Rico. United States Reggaeton forming from hip hop and reggae has helped Latin-Americans contribute to the urban American culture while still keeping many aspects of their Hispanic heritage.
The music relates to many of the socio-economic issues happening in America including gender and race which highly connects to hip hop in America today. The collaboration of hard work was done By:
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