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ABC's Of Environmental Science

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Monica Hernandez

on 18 August 2015

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Transcript of ABC's Of Environmental Science

Abiotic- Nonliving
Abiotic is part of an ecosystem where it consist of nonliving and then biotic which is living matters. Abiotic matters are important because it helps other organisms survive their environment. Some abiotic examples would be the ocean, sun, air, they all help biotic organism survive.

BioFuels- fuels created from processed or refined biomass
So basically biofuels are energy sources made from living things or waste that organisms produce. Their are some supporters of biofuels that say the use of this fuel can reduce greenhouse gas emission. The burning of fuels produce carbon dioxide, growing plants or biomass that removes the carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

Hydrochloric Cycle- The movement of water through the biosphere. Water cycle is the process that the sun is the source, which it moves water between the oceans, the sky and land. Bringing water up (evaporation) condemseption and the precipitation rain fall.
Global Warning- The warming of the oceans, landmass, and atmosphere of eat: an aspect of global climate change. Just a word to describe the increase of earths average temperature which melts ice spikes in the north pole changing how animals would live. (Polar bears slowly looking to adapt of the climate change)

Consumer- An animal that must obtain its energy after consuming other organism . In other words an animal that feeds on plants or another kind of animal. Consumers are part of the food chain and web. They help balance everything out for for everything can be equal.
Food Chain- The sequence of consumption from producers through tertiary consumers. It's similar to a food web but it shows us somewhat of a triangle order of how it goes. So from producers to tertiary consumers. (Primary, secondary, tertiary)
ABC's Of Environmental Science
Environmental Science

The field of study that looks at interactions among human systems and those found in nature. Basically us taking Environmetal Science and studying all concepts that comes with. For example, earth, ocean, sun organism, anything that consist of the environment. APES.
Integrated pest management - an agricultural practice that uses a variety of techniques designed to minimize pesticide inputs. This approach is really effective and environmental sensitive to pest management. It's criticial that all pest to not die due to this management, it helps all cycles everything is critical in the environment.

Joule- the amount of energy used when a one-watt electrical device is turned on for one second. During this year we used the Joule to convert electrical energy to joule. Watts to Joule.
Kyoto Protocol- International agreement to reduce global emissions of greenhouse gases from all industrialized countries to 5.2 percont below their 1990 levels by 2012. United states didn't want to be a big part of this treaty given the fact that other countries were not ratifying this protocol ,
Lacey Act- A U.S act that prohibits interstate shipping of all illegally harvested plants and animals. Basically an act to procted animals and plants. So it grows in one place and stays in one place.
Municipal solid waste (MSW)- Refuse collected by municipalities from households small businesses and institution . Basically just trash or garbage produced by us the people containing discarded items. Garbage and food disposal are collected separately that sometimes it one can be used for the environment (fertilizer, energy, etc.)
Native Species- A species that lives in a historical range typically where it has lived for thousands or millions of years. A species only being able to be found in that specific region. Now a days many native species have become endangered because their loss of habitat due to competition from introduced species that have migrated.
O-horizon- the organic horizon at the surface of many soils composed of organic detritus in various stages of decomposition.. In other words a specific layer that are soil layers with high percentages of organic matter. Most likely to be in a woodland area. The three most distinct organic layers are leaves, pine needles and twigs.
pesticide-A substance either natural or synthetic that kills or controls insects that people (us) think as pest. Something to destroy insects that are harmful for plants or animals. But using to much of it can cause a disruption in the food web or food chain. Killing to much of a specific insect can cause a organism population to increase causing another to decrease destroying the balance of the environment.
Red list- a list of worldwide threatened species maintained by the international union for conservation of nature. This list was founded in 1964, it's basically an inventory of species all over the world that are in a red zone of being extinct. This list is meant to prevent the harvesting of any animal in the list.
Secondary consumer- A carnivore that eats primary consumer. Carnivores being meat eaters, or omnivores that eat both meat and plants. Their are Secondary, tertiary, Primary, Quaternary, Producers all in the food web and food chain. The Food chain ends with the top predators that have little or no enemy, being the Quaternary.
Transpiration- The release of water from leaves during photosynthesis. Basically moisture (water) being carried through the plants roots to the underside of leaves, where that changes to vapor and is released to the atmosphere, in other small words it's basically evaporation of water from plants to leaves.
Urban area- and area that contains more then 385 people per square kilometer. It's a region surrounding a city. Most of urban areas have non agricultural jobs. These areas are very developed, being that their is a big density of human structures like houses, bulidings, roads bridges. Urban area are basically towns, cities and the suburbs.
Volcano- A vent in the surface of earth that releases, gases, or molten lava. A volcano is basically a mountain or hill most of the time conical. Having this center of a crater or vent. Which in accessions lave,rock or hot vapors are released. The volcano also is part of primary succession, where this venting of earths surface destroys regions of trees leaving nothing but rocks and takes over 100 years to get back to it's old shape.
Wind Energy- energy generated from the kinetic energy of moving air. Most of this energy is produces by a wind turbine converting the kinetic energy received into electrical power. Also the cons of wind energy is the kill percentage of birds that migrate. It's pretty high.

Monica Hernandez
APES 2nd

Decomposers- Fungi or bacteria that recycle nutrients from dead tissues. They basically break down dead or decaying organisms. Like if a tiger will kill a zebra and just eat till its full, the remains the decomposers get rid of it by using organic substrates to get their energy, carbon and nutrients for growth development.
Zero waste- Zero waste is turning waste produced by humans into resources. The redesign of resources used so that waste towards the can be reduced to zero waste (no waste) Although products being produced are being used and goods being recycled. So cycling waste of nature lol.
Yield- The amount of crops being produced per unit of area.
"From Air Quality to Zero Emissions." A-Z Glossary of Environmental Terms. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 June 2015.
"Glossary A-D." Environmental Science | . N.p., n.d. Web. 01 June 2015.
"What Is Environmental Science?" Environmental Science. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 June 2015.
Thorpe, Gary S. AP Environmental Science. Hauppauge, NY: Barron's Educational Series, 2009. Print.
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