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Married Women's Property & Political Rights

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Marissa Ho

on 13 November 2014

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Transcript of Married Women's Property & Political Rights

4 .Who were some of the men,women, or groups that had a huge impact on making equality happen?
1.How were women treated in the 1800's?
What were some of the laws the were specifically aimed at women's rights?
2. How might've women reacted to these laws? Did they approve or disapprove?
3. How did men react to the laws?
8.How might of this female inequality had an impact on the economy of British North America back then?
5. Who started the laws that limited women's rights?
9.Were there any conflicts when women had received their rights?
7.When and how did women finally get their rights in politics and in society?
They finally got justice in 1915, the Liberal, T.C Norris who replaced Premier Roblin who was the premier Manitoba, had given women in Manitoba the right to vote. They were the very first who allowed women to vote in the government, which then influenced Saskatchewan,Alberta, Ontario, and British Columbia to allow women to vote as well. It was a huge success and it wouldn't have happened without the amazing things and effort that women had put in to make this happen. So how did they finally get their rights? They pursued their beliefs and made it happen.
How might Canada like currently in 2014 if women did not receive equality in politics and legal status?
Notice how these women are holding brooms, plates. This is what women were expected to do in the 1800s. If they didn't comply, the were punished.
Women were treated very differently from men. In the Dominion Act of Canada, no woman, idiot, or lunatic could vote. Their rights were very limited and they could not do the same things as men. Married women could not own property and were owned by their husbands. They had absolutely no say in society. They could even be beaten legally! They were expected by society, to only just stay home and take care of the children. Society could not accept the fact that women could be doctors, lawyers and etc...So that made it difficult to get a job, so they just stayed home.What a difference from our own time.

Some of the laws were :

-Women were not allowed to vote. -Women were not allowed to be in the government
-It was legal that women were allowed to be beaten by their husbands
-Most women couldn't attend universities or colleges for education. They were only allowed to be educated up until secondary schools.
-Many jobs only allowed men to do the job since society thought women couldn't handle it.
-Women could not own their own home unless they were single. Once they were married, the right to own the house would be given to the man/husband.
-Women who had jobs, would be paid less than what men usually got.
-Women who had children could not have guardianship of their children. The husbands had complete control over them.
At first, women thought that it was actually NORMAL to do these things and not be able to do the things men could do. But as time passed, they started to become aware of the inequality that was going on. Many women were afraid to stand up for their rights because they thought society would criticize them and men would hurt them, but thanks to groups such as the Toronto Women's Literary Club, women gained confidence and stood up for what they thought was right and realized they should have the rights that men had. As more groups began to voice out their opinions, more people became more aware of what was going on. To sum it all up, they completely DISAGREED with the laws.
Most men thought that the laws were actually GOOD. They believed women shouldn't get involved in politics and should just stay home, do chores, and take care of the children. Also, men thought that women were 'unable to compete with men'. Some men also believed women were not capable to vote or be in the government. They thought that it would be too rough on them. To sum it all up, most of the men actually approved of these laws. But of course, don't worry, there were some men who disagreed with the laws.
Note: The Toronto Women's Literary Club was not a book club! They were a group of women whose purpose was to make women aware of their rights and convince the government to give women the same rights as men. Especially to vote! We'll talk about them in a few minutes.
"Now you forget all this nonsense about women voting. Nice women don't want to vote!"

-Premier Roblin of Manitoba
Nellie McClung
- She was a member of the Women's Christian Temperance Union. She had created a petition to have female equality and to have the same rights as men, and after she was turned down by the Premier Roblin, she then had her group of women preform a play where the roles of the government were reversed. Men in the government were now the women. Their play was very successful which led to people all over from Manitoba requesting for the play. This shows that many people are becoming aware of the unequality going on.
Her efforts soon became successful and got Manitoba to become the first province in Canada to grant women the right to vote in 1916. This also made Alberta and Saskatchewan to allow women to vote as well.
Women's Christian Temperance Union
- The Women's Christian Temperance Union was a group that was formed in 1874. Their reason/goal
for the group was to bring awareness about problems that were happening due to alcohol and to stop people from selling alcohol. They also began to notice the issues with tobacco,labor and other issues. They tried voicing out their opinions to help change it but they weren't very successful since the government wasn't listening to their voice, so they then learned that if women had the ability to vote, the government would then pay attention to their opinions.

The Women's Literary Club
- Don't be fooled by the name. It's not really a literary club. The name was just a cover up for the club, when it was actually a club that was trying to raise awareness about female inequality and they taught women about it. They had a huge impact on female equality, by helping more women become aware of the differences that men and women had and that led to more groups to help stand up for female equality.

Yes, there were some conflicts when women had finally gotten their rights. Many people still believed that women shouldn't be able to have the right the vote, for example, one of those people was Jean-Marie-Rodrigue Villeneuve. He was the archbishop of Quebec, which Quebec got the rights for women to vote. He completely opposed of allowing women to vote. He believed that if women got the rights that men had, their families would be ruined and it would have a major impact on the rights towards the children.
Links we used:

History Textbook Pages 264
There are some people who say that it was Europeans that brought the idea of inequality to British North America. As you know, Aboriginals ( First Nations ) were the first to come to British North America. Apparently, back then, in the Aboriginal society, Europeans that were male didn't want to trade furs with Aboriginal women. The women were the ones who were prepared the fur, so this was a problem. But the Aboriginal men decided to take over, so they could continue trading with the Europeans. The Europeans then began to make up stereotypes about women and that lead to the men taking over the hunting and the fur trade, leaving out the women. This is what some people believed to had created inequality in British North America.
6.How was life for First Nation women before the Europeans came and introduced this inequality?
As we explained in the previous panel, it was thought that Europeans were the ones who introduced inequality to the First Nations. Now the question is, before the Europeans came, how was life for the First Nation women? Well, the Aboriginal women actually had an important role in their society, for example, they used to help out in the fur trade, they also got to vote for who they thought would be responsible enough to become a chief. But after the Europeans came, their important roles were taken away. Another huge blow to the Aboriginal women was the Indian Act. The Indian Act lowered Aboriginal women's status. If the women was Indian, but had married a man that wasn't, she automatically lost the right to be an Indian,they couldn't vote anymore and have the same rights that other Indians had. Only the men had the right to still be Indian and vote. So as you can see, they were treated equally, but as soon as the Europeans came, their voice began to fade away.
Newspapers such as the "Woman's Journal", "Provincial Freeman" and other women's protests finally convinced the Canadian government to give ALL women the rights they deserved
10. How is British North America now with female equality compared to back then in the 1800's?
British North America In 1800's
British North America 2014
-Women weren't allowed to vote

-Couldn't get high salary jobs...(Doctors, lawyers..etc..)

-Women could not be part of the government

-It was legal to beat women/wives.

-Women could not have guardianship of their children.

-Most women could not attend university or college

-Women could not own property if they were married. That right is passed to the husband once married.

-Women were paid less than men at the same job.
-Women are now allowed to vote

-Women could now get high salary jobs. They can be a doctor, lawyer, engineer...etc..

-Women can now be part of government

-It is now illegal to beat women/wives

-They can now have guardianship of their children

-Women can now go to university or college, any school.

-Women can now own their property, single or married.

-To this day, women still do not get paid the same amount that men would make.
Women's suffrage video!
Since many women began to protest, that meant they boycotted industries that only allowed men to work at or agreed with the inequality. This caused a major impacts on shops since the women weren't coming there and buying anymore. For example, a jewelery shop could have been out of business since the women were boycotting it, and since most of the customers at the shop were women, that meant there wasn't any business. Also, those who supported the women, also didn't purchase items from those who weren't upset with the female inequality. This caused a huge impact on sales and it also made people lose business,which meant people lost their jobs. This had a huge impact on the economy.
During the 19th century, as male suffrage was
gradually extended in many countries,
women became increasingly active in the
quest for their own suffrage.
Not until 1893, however, in New Zealand
, did women achieve suffrage on the national level.
Australia followed in 1902, but American, British,
and Canadian women did not win the same
rights until the end of World War I.
Women's Political Rights and Property Rights
What would Canada be like in 2014 if women never received equality
Canada would be very different if women never received equality. More violent protests would break out from women and would cause the government to retaliate with violence as well. Canada would be a war zone! As we know other countries are in war right now because of people fighting for equality and the government is refusing. Also the economy of Canada would not be as strong as it is today. For example many women would move away with their families because they are not getting heard. Which means shops and businesses to lose customers and shut down. Also jobs such as nurse, teacher, and domestic house cleaner dominated by women would be scarce because men rarely did these jobs. The most important effect would be Canada wouldn't progress. Men would be stuck in their old concrete ways of thinking and restrict peoples' freedom in Canada, and since women wouldn't be around in Canada anymore, there wouldn't be any future leaders for Canada. Also, Canada would be completely overpowered by other countries, for example, the US, since there wouldn't be any more people to help fight agaisnt them due to the women going to a different country and taking their children, who could've been future leaders or soldiers for Canada, and leaving behind the men, and as time passes, the population would decrease even more, and that makes Canada more vulnerable to be attacked.
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