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Habits of Mind
Transcript of Habits of Mind
Costa, A. L., & Kallick, B. (2008).
Learning and Leading with Habits of Mind
(pp. xvi-28). Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.
"One's intelligence is the sum of one's habits of mind." -Lauren Resnick (qtd. in Costa and Kallick xvii)
A lot of research has been done in order to establish the true meaning of what these "Habits of Mind" actually are. To sum up, as Costa and Kallick (2008) state, "A Habit of Mind is a composite of many skills, attitudes, cues, past experiences, and proclivities" (p. 17). Meaning, there is more value placed on one type of behavior than another. These Habits of Mind can, and should be a part of a teacher's lesson plans for his/her students. There are a total of 16 of these Habits of Mind, however we are going to focus on two in this presentation.
Listening with Understanding and Empathy
Habits of Mind
1. Listening with Understanding and Empathy
2. Applying Past Knowledge to New Situations
Activities to teach Listening with Empathy
"Deep down you know you can be remarkable. You shouldn't settle for anything less than your best self, reaching ever closer to your potential-whether as a leader or in any other part of your life."
"Listening is the beginning of understanding...Wisdom is the reward for a lifetime of listening. Let the wise listen and add to their learning and let the discerning get guidance."
Costa and Kallick (2008) describe this Habit of Mind as being able to see the other person's perspective. They also demonstrate their understanding through paraphrasing, clarifying, and giving examples. Hardcourt (2011) gives some ideas for managing this type of listening. First, a person must clear their mind of all of the things that might be filling it at that time. The listener also needs to try to understand the larger context of what is being said. Try not to interrupt or interject while the other person is talking. If the listener is making assumptions-ask and make sure those assumptions are true. The listener also needs to make sure they are keeping an open mind.
Students will watch this video on "how NOT to listen with empathy. The class will discuss what the students did that were inappropriate for listening with empathy and then they will disucss the things they saw that were appropriate.
Students will get into groups of 2 or 3. Each group will choose an index card. On the index card there will be a listening type of situation for the group to act out in front of the class. The class will decide if that group listening with empathy and understanding or if they need to practice a little more.
The teacher will either read or have the students listen to The True Story of the Three Little Pigs. The students will try to listen to the wolf's side of the story, using their empathy skills. They will discuss how he must feel with a partner after fully listening to what he had to say, as opposed to what the three pigs say about the story. The students will write down 3 things they would say to the wolf if they had just listened to his story face to face. The students three statements need to show empathy toward the wolf and understanding of his situation.
For this activity, students will be using an interactive website. They will use the website to explore "communication" as well as "emotions". Both of these interactive web pages will help students understand how to relate to others, as well as how to listen to them with empathy and understanding.
Activity # 5
Students will work on the worksheet found at the website with a partner to determined "how would you feel" if they were in those specific situations.
"I've never made a mistake. I've only learned from experience."
People can often draw knowledge from their past experience. They learn from their mistakes. They are able to add onto their learning becuase they've built a foundation based on things they've already learned. However, according to Costa and Kallick (2008), "Too often, students begin each new task as if it were being approached for the first time. Teachers are dismayed when they invite students to recall how they solved a similar problem previously-and students don't remember" (p. 28). According to Roschelle (n.d), "The aspects of learning, prior knowledge and experience drawn out in these examples have a solid basis in research on learning. There is widespread agreement that prior knowledge influences learning, and that learners construct concepts from prior knowledge" (p. 1). When students can draw knowledge from their past experience it helps to build a bridge between old information and new information.
Activities to Teach Applying Past Knowledge to New Situations
Students will watch a clip from the movie, Finding Nemo, and determine what types of prior knowledge Marlin needed to have in order to save him and Dory.
I will pass out a "lightbulb" journal. In this journal students will write down important knowledge that they've learned that they feel they will need to remember for future lessons. We will take out the journal after various reading and math lessons.
Activity # 3
Students will watch The Magic Schoolbus Gets Planted. After the video, students will write the prior knowledge that helped the students in the video solve the bigger problem in the story on sticky notes. They will bring their sticky note to the front and and post it on the board when finished.
Students will create a memiary account to record information they've learned daily so that they can recall this information later (interactive website).
Students will use various interactive website for language arts during computer lab to help retain prior knowledge so that they can use this knowledge for lessons in the future.
The Habits of Mind include 16 habits that benefit our lives as learners and as individuals. Of the 16 Habits, I chose "Listen with Understanding and Empathy" and "Applying Past Knowledge to New Situations" because they are both Habits that I feel my students would particularly benefit from. I also felt they were great starting places for the students I have as well, when I consider our current problems in the classroom with learning. Both of these Habits have been researched and found to be crucial parts of our success as learners. There are many ways that teachers can incorporate these Habits into her normal classroom routine. They not only go along with the current curriculum, they also help to extend that curriculum.
Teaching Tolerance (n.d.) Retrieved January 20, 2014 from http://www.tolerance.org/sites/default/files/general/how%20would%20you%20feel%203-5_0.pdf
The Magic Schoolbus 03x10 Gets Planted (2014) Retrieved December 8, 2013 from www.youtube.com/watch?v=huTRQnLqTkw
Memiary (n.d.) Retrieved January 12, 2014 from http://www.memiary.com/
Interactive Sites for Education (n.d.) Retrieved January 12, 2014 from http://interactivesites.weebly.com/language-arts.html
Costa and Kallick (2008)
Hardcourt, P. (n.d.). Listening with Understanding and Empathy. In Habits of Mind. Retrieved January 7, 2014, from http://pamelahardcourt.wordpress.com/2011/03/19/listening-with-understanding-empathy/
Habits of Mind (n.d) Retrieved January 7, 2014 from http://www.habitsofmind.org/content/listening-empathy-and-understanding
Listening with Empathy and Understanding (2009) Retrived January 7, 2014 from www.youtube.com/watch?v=7xEpECfKmCo
Roschelle, J. (n.d.). Learning in Interactive Environments: Prior Knowledge and New Experience. In Institute for Inquiry. Retrieved January 1, 2014, from Learning in Interactive Environments: Prior Knowledge and New Experience
Calvin College openURL resolver
True Story of the Three Little Pigs, The (2010) Retrived January 7, 2014 from www. youtube.com/watch?v=vcsUfYBHhm4
Habits of Mind (n.d.)
Listening with Empathy and Understanding (2009)
The True Story of the Three Little Pigs (2010)
Costa and Kallick (2008) p. 28
Finding Nemo 3D clip[- 'Jellyfish' (2012)
The Magic Schoolbus 03x10 Gets Planted (2014)
E Learning for Kids (2004) Retrived January 12, 2014 from http://www.e-learningforkids.org/life-skills/lesson/communication/
E Learning for Kids (2004) Retrived January 12, 2014 from http://www.e-learningforkids.org/life-skills/lesson/communication//emotions
Teachers Pay Teachers (.n.d.) Retrieved February 1, 2014 from http://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Light-bulb-Shaped-Book-Template-159160