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The history and rules of football.

Jared Behrend

on 24 January 2013

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Transcript of Football

By: Jared Behrend Football Football The History and Rules Rules Played on 120 X 53.3 Yd field Rules Game begins with a coin toss Scoring Touchdowns are worth 6 points Uniform Numbers 1-19: Quarterbacks , kickers, and punters Changing Possession If a team doesn't get a first down in 4 plays - possession goes to the other teams Offensive Players The Quarterback is the leader of the offense, the ball is snapped to him at the start of the play Defensive Players The defensive line consists of 3 or 4 defensive tackles or ends. They line up opposite the offensive line and try to rush the quarterback before he throws or the running back from getting past them Goal line 10 yards from edge of field Yard lines marked every 5 yards Goalposts just behind goal line Hash marks every yard Winner chooses whether they kick or receive the ball or which end zone to defend Four 15 minute quarters 10 - 20 minute half time between 2nd and 3rd quarters Afterwords teams get a try Kick extra point for 1 point Play from the 2 yard line to try for 2 points Field Goals are worth 3 points Safeties occur when the ball carrier is tackled in the end zone. It is worth 2 points Teams can punt on 4th down to avoid losing the ball Interceptions - when the defense catches a pass from the quarterback Fumble- when the offense drops the ball, the defense can pick the ball up and get possession Running backs line up behind the quarterback and are either given the ball to run or go out to attempt to catch a pass The fullback lines up between the quarterback and running back. He is rarely given the ball to run and usually blocks for the running back Wide receivers line up near the sidelines and are the main targets for passes The offensive line consists of two tackles, two guards and a center. The center snaps the ball to the quarterback and helps the other linemen block Tight ends line up next to the offensive line and can either block or go out to catch a pass Behind the linemen are the linebackers, typically 3 or 4 at a time. They're purpose is to either blitz the offense or stop running backs and receivers with the ball Further back are the defensive backs. They consist of corner backs who line up opposite receivers, and safeties who either help corner backs or blitz the quarterback 20-49: Running backs and defensive backs 50-59: Centers and linebackers 60-79: Offensive guards and tackles and defensive tackles 10-19,80-89: Wide receivers 40-49, 80-89: Tight ends 90-99: Defensive ends Risks Due to hard hitting impacts - injuries are common Most injuries are concussions Other injuries include broken bones and torn limbs Very rarely players are killed during games History Started as a sport similar to soccer or rugby Played at universities on the east coast First intercollegiate game: Rutgers VS Princeton November 11, 1869 Rules established at a series of meetings between 1873-1880 Walter Camp Considered the 'Father of American Football' Came up with many defining characteristics of modern football Reduced number of players from 15 to 11 Established the line of scrimmage Established the snap from center to quarterback Established down-and-distance rules Defined length of field Set up first scoring system Added referees and umpires Allowed below waist tackling Beginning of Professional Football William Heffelinger: first paid football player, received $500 to play one game 1st fully professional game: September 3,1895 1899: Morgan Athletic Club founded, would eventually become the Arizona Cardinals, making them the oldest currently existing team 1st indoor game: December 29,1902 Expansion of College Football In 1880 there were only 8 college football teams By 1900 there were 43 teams The first college football league, which would become the Big Ten Conference, was founded in 1895 First postseason college football game: the Rose Bowl, held in 1902 and won by Michigan Expansion of Professional Football The NFL was founded in 1920 Originally a formal agreement for teams to play each other and declare a champion Teams in the first year of the NFL include the Racine Cardinals (now the Arizona Cardinals) and the Decatur Staleys (now the Chicago Bears) The Green Bay Packers joined the NFL in 1921, making them the oldest team without a name change First playoff game held in 1932 to determine champion Expansion into a national sport The AFL Between 1930 and 1950 many colleges create football teams 1936 : The Associated Press begins it's weekly rating system Four new bowl games: Orange, Sugar, Sun, and Cotton 1950: St. Louis Rams air entire season on TV 1952: Dallas Texans become the last NFL franchise to fold Founded in 1959 Only league to rival the NFL in popularity Able to secure TV rights letting it gain more exposure than other leagues Began merge with NFL in 1966 Merge established the AFL-NFL Championship Game, now known as the Super Bowl Merger finalized in 1970 The Greatest Game Ever Played 1958 NFL Championship Game First sudden death overtime game Baltimore Colts won 23-17 over the New York Giants Established football as a national sport College Football today Expansion of bowl games now up to 35 bowl games 1998 - BCS established to help determine national champion Professional Football today NFL has become most popular league in America Super Bowl has become most watched event in America
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