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Philippine Educational System (Post-EDSA Era)

(c) Dianne Manalili BSE English, PNU 2013-2016
by

Dianne Manalili

on 22 July 2013

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Transcript of Philippine Educational System (Post-EDSA Era)

POST-EDSA ERA
In 1972, the Department of Education became the
Education Act of 1982
The 5th Republic (Executive Orders)
Section 3, Article XIV of the 1987 Constitution contains ten fundamental aims of education in the Philippines.
The Congressional Commission on Education (EDCOM) report of 1991 recommended the division of DECS into three parts.
Commission on Higher Education (CHED)
Executive Orders
Department of Education and Culture
by the virtue of Proclamation 1081 which was signed by President Ferdinand Marcos.
Proclamation 1102 states..
- Foster love of country;
- Teach the duties of citizenship; and
- Develop moral character, self-discipline, and scientific, technological and vocational efficiency

By the virtue of Executive Order No. 94,
the was
changed to the

The educational
system of the Philippines
was patterned both from
the educational systems
of Spain and the United States.
Section 29
- upgrade education institutions' standards to achieve "quality education"
Section 16 and Section 17
- upgraded the obligations and qualifications required for teachers and administrators;
Section 41
- provided for government financial assistance to private schools.
Department of Instruction
Department of Education.
In 1978, by the Presidential Decree No. 1397,
the Department of Education and Culture
became the

Ministry of Education and Culture
.
In 1987, by the virtue of Executive Order No. 117, the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sports, became the Department of Education, Culture and Sports.
On May 26, 1988, the Congress of the Philippines enacted the Republic Act 6655, the Free Public Secondary Education Act of 1988,
On February 3, 1992, the Congress enacted Republic Act 7323
- provided that students aged 15 to 25 may be employed during Christmas and summer vacation.
Technical Education and Skills
Development Authority (TESDA)
Department of Education (DepEd)
The Trifocal Education System
in the
Philippines.
The 2000's
In August 2001, Republic Act 9155, otherwise called the Governance of Basic Education Act passed
The quality of education is generally considered to have declined since the post-war years, mainly due to insufficient funds.

are able to offer better facilities and education, but are also much more expensive.
transforming the name of the Department of Education, Culture and Sports (DECS) to the Department of Education (DepEd)
In January 2009, DepEd signed a memorandum of agreement with the United States Agency for International Development.
public school
Private schools
ISSUES

Lack of facilities in public schools
School year
Number of years
Medium of instruction
Subjects
Gender issues
Drop-out rate

However, after
the liberation of
the Philippines,
the system
changed radically.
The date June 4, 2012 signaled the start of the implementation of a new educational system, which is the K-12 educational system.
All public and private schools in the Philippines must start classes from a date mandated by the Department of Education and must end after each school completes the mandated 200-day school calendar of DepEd.
The 3rd Republic
Brief History
Education
The 4th Republic
Brief History
Education/Executive Orders
covers the presidency of Ferdinand Marcos.
Sept. 21, 1972, Pres. Marcos issued Presidential Proclamation No. 1081, proclaiming a state of Martial Law in the Philippines.
In 1983, opposition leader Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino Jr. was assassinated at the Manila International Airport upon his return to the Philippines after a long period of exile in the United States. Ninoy Aquino died on Aug. 21, 1983 at the age of 50.
After the widowed wife of former Senator Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino, Sr. was elected into office, President Corazon Cojuangco-Aquino faced both economic and political problems of the country.
The 5th
Republic
Brief History
A film actor, Joseph Ejercito Estrada, succeeded Ramos as president in 1998. He was the previous mayor in the municipality of San Juan, Metro Manila and vice president of Ramos, Estrada was placed into office by a wide margin of vote.
EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 117 January 30, 1987

REORGANIZATION OF THE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, CULTURE AND SPORTS PRESCRIBING ITS POWERS AND FUNCTIONS AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES.
Overview of the system of education
in
CURRENT
society
The K-12 program
In June 4, 2011, DepEd started to implement the new K-12 educational system, which includes the new curricula for all schools. In this system, education is now compulsory. The implementation of the K-12 program is "phased".
There are four "phases" during the implementation of the new system. These are:
Phase I: Laying the Foundations
Phase II: Modeling and Migration
Phase III: Complete Migration
Phase IV: Completion of the Reform
Higher education became popular in the country.
Community schools
were established.
Philippine Independence
World War II had left the Philippines demoralized and severely damaged.
Education.
Implementing Guidelines for the Policy on Bilingual Education.
Dept. Order No. 25, s. 1974
3 FUNDAMENTAL AIMS OF EDUCATION
The literacy level of the Filipinos, compared to a lot of countries is way too high, as well as the talents, making the Filipino one of the most demanded skilled workers in the world and stand out when it comes to love of work.
Prepared by:
Dianne Manalili and Krizzia Midel
II-17 BSE English
Philippine Normal University A.Y. 2013-2014
On January 20, 2001, the Supreme Court declared the presidency vacant and swore in Vice President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo as the country's 14th president.
1. The Purpose of Education & Educational Policies (Preamble, Article 1, Article 2)
2. Equal Opportunity in Education (Article 3)
3. Compulsory Education (Article 4)
4. Coeducation (Article 5)
5. Schooling (Article 6)
6. Social Education (Article 7)
7. Political Education (Article 8)
8. Religious Education (Article 9)
9. Educational Administration (Article 10)
10. Auxiliary Provisions. (Article 11)
Students are able to learn best through their first language, their Mother Tongue (MT). Twelve MT languages have been introduced for SY 2012-2013:
Bahasa Sug
Bikol
Cebuano
Chabakano
Hiligaynon
Iloko
Kapampangan
Maguindaoan
Meranao
Pangasinense
Tagalog
Waray
Spiral Progression
Senior High School - two years of specialized upper secondary education; students may choose a specialization based on aptitude, interests, and school capacity. SHS subjects fall under either the CORE CURRICULUM or specific TRACKS.
Senior High School Subjects
Core Curriculum
Tracks
Languages
Literature
Communication
Mathematics
Philosophy
Natural Sciences
Social Sciences
Academic
Technical-Vocational
Livelihood
Sports and Arts
BAM
Business
Accountancy
Management
HESS
Humanities
Education
Social Sciences
STEM
Science
Technology
Engineering
Mathematics
All about DEPED
Bureau of Alternative Learning Systems (BALS), formerly the Bureau of Non-Formal Education

Bureau of Elementary Education (BEE)

Bureau of Secondary Education (BSE)

Educational Development Projects Implementing Task Force (EDPITF)

Health and Nutrition Center (HNC)

National Education Testing and Research Center (NETRC)

National Educators Academy of the Philippines (NEAP)

Technical-Vocational Education Task Force (TVTF)
Bureaus
Secretaries of Public Instruction
Sergio Osmeña
Jorge Bacobo
Secretary of Public Instruction, Health, and Public Welfare
Sergio Osmeña
Secretary of Public Instruction and Information
Carlos P. Romulo
Commissioner of Education, Health and Public Welfare
Claro M. Recto
Minister of Education
Camilo Osías
Secretaries of Instruction
Maximo Kalaw
Jose Reyes
Francisco Benitez
Manuel Gallego
Secretaries of Education
Manuel Gallego
Prudencio Langcauon
Pablo Lorenzo
Teodoro Evangelista
Cecilio Putong
Pastor Endencia
Gregorio Hernandez, Jr
Martin Aguilar, Jr.
Manuel Lim
Daniel Salcedo
Jose E. Romero
Jose Tuason
Alejandro Roces
Carlos P. Romulo
Onofre Corpuz
Juan Manuel
Secretary of Education and Culture
Juan Manuel
Ministers of Education and Culture
Juan Manuel
Onofre Corpuz
Ministers of Education, Culture and Sports
Onofre Corpuz
Jaime Laya
Secretaries of Education, Culture and Sports
Lourdes Quisumbing
Isidro Cariño
Armand Fabella
Ricardo Gloria
Erlinda Pefianco
Bro. Andrew Gonzalez, FSC, Ph.D.
Raul Roco
Secretaries of Education
Raul Roco
Edilberto de Jesus
Florencio Abad
Ramon Bacani
Fe Hidalgo
Jesli Lapus
Mona Valisno
Bro. Armin Luistro, FSC
Executive Orders Issued
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