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Treaty 8 —Impacts of Imperialism Presentation
Transcript of Treaty 8 —Impacts of Imperialism Presentation
Treaty 8 Canadian Government views of Treaty 8 First Nations' view of Treaty 8 Treaty 8 proves favourable for the Canadian Government in several ways:
•They have gained control over more of the First Nations’ land
•The government benefits from revenues in the oil sands in First Nations’ land
•Toxins from exploitation of the oil and gas resources have proven detrimental to the health of those living there
•The Canadian government has exercised more control over the education systems
•Emphasis continued on assimilation of aboriginals with little focus on maintaining their culture.
If First Nations live off their reserves, they are subject to taxes and other fees that Canadians have to pay. If they reside on the reserve, they are exempted from these payments. From reading about the different perspectives about Treaty 8, I think that I agree with the First Nations. When the treaty was signed, the First Nations and Canadian government/Queen had conflicting ideas about what they were signing on. Not all the agreements have been settled on since 1899. By: Terese Mazurkewich What is Treaty 8? When Treaty 8 was signed, the First Nations and Queen/Canadian Government had different ideas on what the contract was on. The Aboriginals thought the treaty was more to protect their traditional rights and give them more freedom within their land. The government wanted more control and was seeking to assimilate this population. Clearly, the two groups had contrasting ideas, but visions that were not clarified early in the process. Regardless, the government pushed their agenda forward. Treaty 8 was signed on June 21st, 1899 by the First Nations of Canada and the Queen of England to keep peace and friendship between the Aboriginal people and Canadian government. In Canada, twelve treaties have been signed between the Queen and Aboriginals. Every treaty is specific to the area it designates to the First Nations. The reason Treaty 8 was created was the Klondike Gold Rush in the mid-1890s. When tons of gold was found, the Europeans started to move farther north to collect gold; this increased contact and dissension between the First Nations and First Nations. Treaty 8 authorizes First Nations to some rights as they were promised when the treaty was signed that their life will change as little as possible or not at all. Some of these rights include: hunting and fishing rights in their land, financial support, tax exemption and shipments of hunting supplies. When Treaty 8 was first signed in 1899, the treaty's guidelines were relevant to the First Nations’ needs. Now that Alberta has changed and globalization is changing Alberta's view on resources, some elements of the treaty are out of date. The First Nations don’t entirely agree with this treaty because they feel the Europeans took some of their land and basic rights away. They have also noted not all of the agreements in the treaty have been met. Consider for example, education. First Nations have been adversely affected by residential schools. Residential schools were in operation from 1884 to 1996. The residential schools that are in Treaty 8 are mainly in northern Alberta and southern Northwest Territories. The schools were functioning prior to the signing of the treaty and this system remained in place despite the First Nations’ opposition to the schools. The Canadian government’s goal was to keep residential schools to try to assimilate the aboriginals; the government wanted them to become more European. Many years later the repercussions of these schools still linger on the students with allegations and proof of abuse. In a letter from August 17, 2011, from Richard Kappo, the Ground Chief of Treaty 8, to Minister Webber, Kappo expresses how these agreements are no longer relevant to his people; they are outdated. Since the 1870s, First Nations have been asking the Canadian government for revisions of Treaty 8. When both parties agreed to a treaty, the First Nations believed it would be more of a ‘peace and friendship’ treaty that would allow them to keep their traditional forms of government, hunting, and freedom of movement. They have felt manipulated by a treaty that didn’t provide them with advances in their culture or economics. Since the treaty was signed in 1899, Alberta has modernized economically, socially, and politically. The Aboriginal people are now finding that some of the pacts they made with the treaty are now being violated. The Canadian government profits far more than the aboriginals from the development of natural resources. Needless to say, Treaty 8 isn’t very ‘fair’ right now for the Aboriginals. I feel that the treaty should be revised and made more relevant to the First Nations needs. Treaty 8 currently does not meet all the necessities of the First Nations now that Canada has become more globalized and involved in the global market. The Consultation Policy The Consultation Policy is a procedure that allows the First Nations to consult the Government of Canada about their concerns about issues such as land development and natural resource decisions that may affect constitutional rights. Currently, the Consultation Policy is facing a review process to help improve the system. Many different Aboriginal groups are being consulted on how they think the policy could be improved. All this feedback from different parties makes sure that all sides have proved their points and expressed their views.