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Transcript of 1 Timothy
Paul wrote this letter to encourage and instruct Timothy as he delegated and corrected abuses in the church at Ephesus. (occasional nature)
In comparison to the other epistles, it was written to apply theology toward a particular need.(task theology) 1 Timothy Background Information Written by Paul to Timothy
Instruction and encouragement
Timothy is the overseer at Ephesus
Paul wrote from Macedonia
Timothy was in Ephesus Historical & Cultural
Key stylistic & linguistic tools Interpretive Issues What was never meant in then cannot be meant for today.
Cultural and historical context must be taken in account
Overall, 1 Timothy presents a model for the church today. Who is Timothy?
"With Ephesus as
their base of operation,
Paul and his associates spread
the Christian Gospel into the adjacent cities and regions of Asia. His choice of Ephesus made sense because it was big, cosmopolitan, multicultural, and a political, economic, and religious center, a meeting place for people, goods, and ideas from all over the Mediterranean." Theater where Paul began his ministry in Ephesus Greek city
3rd largest city in
Modern day Turkey Outline Salutation (1:1-2)
Timothy's mission in Ephesus (1:3-20)
Instruction for Worship and Leaders (2:1-4:5)
Instruction for Congregation (4:6-6:2)
False Teachings (6:3-10)
Conclusion (6:11-21) Instruction for
Worship & Leaders False Teachings Salutation Instruction
for Congregation Conclusion In 1 Timothy, Paul writes with authority.
He gives Paul clear instructions while using figurative language sparingly.
The little figurative language Paul does use throughout this letter shows itself in the form
of imagery. Paul uses imagery to make his
words stronger by providing a visual
picture of what he means to convey.
"...By rejecting conscience, certain persons have suffered shipwreck in the faith. Among them are Hymenaeus and Alexander, whom I have turned over to Satan, so that they may learn not to blaspheme." 1 Timothy 1:19-20
Who in this time, when shipwrecks were a common occurrence, could read this passage and not understand what Paul means by comparing the outcome of the rejection of conscience to a shipwreck in terms of faith. The morbid brokenness of the unfortunate example made of Hymenaeus and Alexander brings God glory by showing the truth of consequences. Letter from Paul
"apostle of Christ Jesus"
"true son in the faith"
God give Timothy
"grace, mercy, and peace." Timothy's Mission Urges Timothy to stay in Ephesus
Stop false teachings
Purpose of writing
"all believers be filled with the love that comes from a pure heart, a clear conscience, and genuine faith."
Cling to your faith Pray for all people
Men with lifted hands
Women be modest
Elders & Deacons
live above reproach
faithful to wife, self-control, live wisely, good reputation, teacher, not a heavy drinker, not violent, not love money
Warnings against false
teachers "Don't let anyone think
less of you because you are young. Be an example to all believers in what you say, in the way you live, in your love, your faith, and your purity." Treat older men like a father
Treat younger men like brothers
Treat older women like a mother
Treat younger women like sisters Widows Men Women Take care of widows with no family
Must be 60 years old and faithful to her husband
Younger widows advised to marry again, have children, take care of their home Elders Paid well for hard work
Don't believe an accusation unless
there are multiple witnesses
Take time in appointing church leaders Slaves Show full respect
for their masters
work harder because
it helps other believers Stirs arguments ending in jealousy, division, slander, and evil suspicions "Anyone who teaches
something different is arrogant and lacks understanding." "For the love of money is the
root of all kinds of evil." "Pursue righteousness and a godly life, along with faith, love, perseverance, and gentleness. Fight the good fight for the true faith." Ephesus Timothy- the son of a
Jewish mother and a Greek father.
Home- Lystra (now Turkey)
He was well spoken of by the Christians in Lystra
Paul wanted Timothy to accompany him after his second journey
What Paul said about Timothy:
his son whom he loved and was faithful in the Lord.
genuine spirit like his own.
co-worker concerned about the welfare of Christians
proven worth in furthering the gospel like a child serving his father
true son in the faith. Paul’s writing is culturally relative and specific for the church at Ephesus.
Paul’s encouragement for women to learn, contrary to tradition Jewish customs.
The women not to teach due to their lack of knowledge and experience.
They were particularly vulnerable to the false teachings and heresy.
He encourages women to dress modestly to protect their reputation as Christians. “8Therefore I want the men everywhere to pray, lifting up holy hands without anger or disputing. 9 I also want the women to dress modestly, with decency and propriety, adorning themselves, not with elaborate hairstyles or gold or pearls or expensive clothes, 10 but with good deeds, appropriate for women who profess to worship God. 11 A woman should learn in quietness and full submission. 12 I do not permit a woman to teach or to assume authority over a man; she must be quiet. 13 For Adam was formed first, then Eve. 14 And Adam was not the one deceived; it was the woman who was deceived and became a sinner. 15 But women will be saved through childbearing—if they continue in faith, love and holiness with propriety.” 1 Timothy 2:8-15 "True son in faith"
Traveled with Paul through Asia, Greece, and Rome
Representative for Paul when he had to leave churches
Struggled with timid nature 1 Timothy 4:12