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Canadian Culture & Bicycles
Transcript of Canadian Culture & Bicycles
Understanding Canadian Culture
By Derek Montgomery
In 2004, the CBC produced a television program to find out who Canadians believe is the Greatest Canadian.
Canadians voted for the person whom they believe best represented Canada and what it means to be Canadian.
The Top Ten...
10. Wayne Gretzky
9. Alexander Graham Bell
8. Sir John A. McDonald
7. Don Cherry
6. Lester B. Pearson
5. David Suzuki
1. Tommy Douglas
3. Pierre Trudeau
2. Terry Fox
4. Sir Frederick Banting
Fox's cancer relapsed and he was too sick to finish & eventually died from
the disease in 1981.
A source of inspiration...
More than $500 million Canadian Dollars has been raised in his name.
1980 : Marathon of Hope
Tommy Douglas led the struggle to get the Canadian government to adopt a system of
universal public healthcare
In 1966, the law was passed and his dream came true.
Canadians have been ever
Land Area: 9,984,670 square km
(Taiwan: 36,193 square km)
Population: 35 million
(Taiwan: 23 million)
population lives here
in Ontario & Quebec
About 13% of Canada's population lives here on the west coast.
Alberta is the fastest
growing part of Canada.
population lives here.
Why is it growing so quickly?
The third largest crude oil reserve in the world!
Low Fertility Rate:
High Immigration Rate
The Effects of Immigration
1978: The year my parents immigrated to Canada.
Racial & Cultural Diversity
A Cultural Mosaic
RCMP: Royal Canadian Mounted Police
In 1989, Baltej Singh Dhillon was the first Sikh to become a mountie. He refused to take off his turban and shave his beard for religious purposes.
He challenged the
government's policy and...
1.6 Billion barrels of oil per day...
On July 1, 1867, the British Government passed the Constitution Act thereby making Canada a
Our first Prime Minister was a Scotsman,
John A MacDonald
Eventually, Canadians wanted more self-control over their territory.
Queen Elizabeth II...
The Queen of Canada.
She is our head of state and is represented in our parliament by our governor general...
About 20% of Canada's population
speak French as a mother language.
In 1995, there was a referendum in Quebec.
There were asked...
"Do you agree that Quebec should become sovereign...?"
In the 2011 federal election, the separatist party, the Bloc Quebecois,went from holding
49 seats to only 4 seats
... showing that the demand for sovereignty has weakened tremendously.
Canada was populated with many aboriginals before it was colonized.
Canada is an Iroquois word for 'village'.
"As Canadians, we're a little bit
, given U.S. media and cultural domination."
We cling to our cultural icons & really enjoy talking about them!
& Tim Hortons
And the #1 Greatest Canadian
of all time is...
Canada's abundance of oil & other natural resources has given it economic stability.
The global demand for Canada's natural resources has increased the value of its currency...
Canadians love ice hockey...
We often get teased by Americans...
The Canada of the
We're also known for our
politeness & kindness.
... but sometimes...
When I was a kid, it seemed like every
kid in my neighbourhood had a bicycle.
It was safe, convenient, and fun.
I lived in a small town called Dorchester, which is located about 20 kms east of a city called London.
When I was in junior high school, I would ride my bicycle with a group of friends into
London on the weekend.
But, after I got my driver's license,
When I went to university in Toronto,
I noticed that a lot more of the people there commuted by bicycle than in my hometown.
About 1.7% of people working in Toronto commute by bicycle to work.
But, for me, riding a bicycle in Toronto was a little too dangerous.
Still, more people bike to work in Canada than they do in the USA.
The nationwide average is 1.4%.
There are many wonderful biking trails in Canada. You can ride the Trans Canada Trail from coast to coast.
Biking is healthy, environmentally friendly, and a great way for people of all ages to have fun.
More & more people
are taking up cycling
as a hobby in Canada.
That's why we Canadians LOVE it!
The Americans fought there way to independence in
Meanwhile, Canada remained a British territory & became a haven for 40,000 -50,000 loyalists fleeing the United States
War of 1812
, the USA invaded 'British' Canada.
Canadians fought against the Americans... in order to not become American... and won.
(Don't call them 'Indians')
Do you want to impress your Canadian clients?
Today I am going to focus on...
1. Canadian Culture
(History, Society, People, Food etc.)
2. Canadian Business Etiquette
(dos and don'ts)
3. The Bicycle Culture in Canada
Don't forget to tip!!
15 % of the bill
we often split
asked the British to grant it to them.
... a dominion???
A country under control of the British Commonwealth.
In 1982, representing the British government, she officially gave Canada
full independence from the UK.
We are proud of our British heritage.
The Head of the British Royal Family is
our official Head of State.
The future King & Queen of Canada
Arriving in the early 1600s, the French were the first to colonize Canada.
After the British defeated the French in the Seven Year War (Also known as the French-Indian War), the French colonialists became separated from France.
Nowadays, there are about 8.5 million
French Canadians living in Canada.
... but things have gotten better...
How big is Canada?
We don't get offended easily.
Canadian Cuisine &
Poutine: Our National Dish
Canadian Business Etiquette
Don't be late!
Canadians: we look & sound like Americans...
What's the difference ?
It's not a good idea to ask Canadians
what they think about Quebec Independence.
Canadians are much less willing to give their opinions on controversial topics than
We try to avoid conflict as much as possible.
'Mr. & Ms.' followed by a person's
last name is the preferred form of
Remember to use 'could' & 'would' when making requests.
Could I please...
Would you please...
For positive answer, avoid just saying 'yes'.
Yes, of course.
Yes, I’ll do it.
Yes, no problem.
For negative answers, like if you refuse a request, it is normal for you to give a reason or an excuse, i.e. if you say no, you should say why….
No, I’m sorry. I have to... at that time.
I’m afraid I can’t. That’s when...
Not really, because ...
I’d like to help but...
If you want to exchange a gift after the deal is done, remember, it's best to give something from Taiwan.
Americans often joke of Canada as the '51st State', but Canadians are often very proud that they are not from America.
Quebec's 3 basic "language laws":
1) Public signs must be French or bilingual -
if the latter then French must be more visible.
2) The official language of the
workplace is French (with the exception of very small businesses).
3) Immigrants must send their children to French schools.
1. You pass a co-worker in the hallway and she asks “How are you?” You respond:
A. Fine, thank you, and how are you?
B. You explain that you’re stressed out and tired from all the overtime you are working.
C. You tell her that you have a cold and don’t feel very well.
D. Very well thanks and you keep moving.
2. Canadians value friendliness and closeness. When speaking with a Canadian in a business context, it is appropriate to stand close and touch her or his arm when talking:
7. When attending a business meeting in Canada, it is preferable to make no “small talk” and get down to business immediately.
3. You are sitting down and a client comes to introduce your to a colleague of his. You:
A. Smile and nod
B. You stand up, establish eye contact, smile and shake his hand
C. Wave and tell him how happy you are to meet him
D. Give him a 'high five'
6. When breaking the ice with a client, it is appropriate to ask personal questions about the individuals marital status, their family, and their age.
4. When meeting for the first, the man should wait for the woman to initiate the handshake.
8. You have a meeting with a client but are expecting a call. You should:
A. Make sure your cell phone is charged up and turned on.
B. Set your cell phone ring volume to high to ensure you hear any calls.
C. Turn your cell phone off.
D. Tell your client you’re expecting a call.
9. After a meeting with a contact, in order to express your thanks, it is
A. Send him/her a small box of chocolates with a note
B. Drop by the office and give him/her a hot cup of coffee
C. Send a dozen red roses to his/her home
D. Send a thank you letter
10. You encounter someone you’ve met before, but you can’t remember his or her name. You should:
A. Turn around and leave and hope he or she didn’t see you.
B. Walk up to him or her and say, “Hi, what’s-your-name!”
C. Walk up to him or her, use a generic greeting such as “Good morning” and just ignore the whole name issue.
D. Walk up to him or her, use a generic greeting and admit that you don’t remember the name.
5. I have become a client of yours and we have a meeting scheduled so you can show me what your company can do for me. When you’re speaking to me, you should refer to me as:
A. Mr. Montgomery
B. Derek Montgomery
When presenting information it is important to have facts and figures to substantiate claims and promises. Canadians are essentially rational and logical and thus will not be convinced by emotions, passions and feelings.
What about the gas prices in Canada?
They're cheap, right?
But, in business, if you invite a client out for a meal, you are obligated to pay.