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Class: Mammalia (mammals)
Order: Carnivora (carnivores)
Family: Herpestidae (the mongoose family)
Species: edwardsii What animal is the mongoose closely related too? The mongoose family is closely related to the Eupleridae family, which is a group of small carnivorans that are native to Madagascar.
There are 10 known living species of the Eupleridae family, and the fossa is the best known species. Common and Scientific Names What does the name mean? The word "mongoose" comes from the Marathi (an Indian language) word "mungus," which means snake killer.
A male, a female, or a baby is called a mongoose. Common Name: Indian gray mongoose
(common gray mongoose) Scientific Name: Anatomy/Appearance The mongoose is similar the weasel and meerkat.
Their skulls are long and flattened with sharp teeth
Males are generally bigger than females
General length is 7 to 25 inches (18 to 64 cm) Their tail ranges from 6 to 21 inches (15 to 53 cm)
General weight is 12 oz to 11 lb (340 g to 5 kg)
They normally have brown or gray grizzled fur, and a number of species have striped coats or ringed tails
They have long bodies with short legs and tapered snouts. Locomotion Mongooses are very fast animals that can run as fast as 37 miles per hour. Diet Habitat and Range Most species of mongoose are found in Africa. There are some genuses of mongoose in Asia and southern Europe.
The Indian Gray Mongoose is found mainly in India, Pakistan, Nepal, and Sri Lanka.
Although most mongooses are terrestrial and live in burrows, some are semi-aquatic, and others live in treetops.
The Indian Gray Mongoose lives in open forests, scrublands and cultivated fields. What does an Indian Gray Mongoose look like? The Indian gray mongoose's body lengths varies from 14-17 inches (36-45 cm) Their tail length is about 17 inches (45 cm). Behavior & Adaptations Since they generally live in warm climates, they do not hibernate or migrate. Life Cycle/Reproduction
Mongooses have a high rate of reproduction. They can breed two or three times a year.
Each litter can be from two to four babies.
The gestation period for the Indian Gray Mongoose is 60-65 days. Their weight ranges from 2-4 lbs (0.9-1.7 kg).
Has yellowish-gray fur with a lighter underside.
They have four dark, short feet with sharp, non-retractable claws. Dark red tail tip and reddish tint to their heads.
Long, sleek bodies with grizzled fur. Their speed and dexterity enables them to avoid snake strikes, which is key to their survival because mongooses feed on snakes. Mongooses climb very well and can also stand on their hind legs, which they tend to do when they are surveying their surroundings. As you already know, the Indian gray mongoose is a carnivore.
Although this species does eat snakes, even poisonous ones, its main diet consists of rodents, lizards, bird eggs, and other pray that can be found in underground burrows or other hidden areas.
The Indian gray mongoose has an excellent sense of sight and smell and will close its ears when searching for food in the soil, preventing water and dirt from entering its ears. The incisors form a cutting edge at the front of the mouth, allowing it to clamp onto a snake's head. The molars have pointed cusps for crushing insects. How does the Indian gray mongoose adapt to its environment?
Their strong jaw to easily kill prey. Since they live in warm places, Indian gray mongooses build complex tunnels underground to try and avoid the heat. Their gray fur provides a little camouflage. The Indian gray mongoose is a solitary hunter that searches during the day and into late evening. They have sleek bodies that help move quicker. Defense/Offense
To escape predators, they hide in their burrows or uses their speed to get away. The Indian gray mongoose has strong jaws which it uses to kill prey. When attacking snakes, the mongoose is fast enough to jump out of the way when a snake tries to strike. Eventually, the snake tires and the mongoose bites the snakes head, crushing the skull. Predators Since the Indian gray mongoose is at the top of the food chain, it does not have many predators. Its greatest predator is the leopard. Although they eat snakes, a snake strike can occasionally kill a baby mongoose. Species Survival Status Currently, the Indian gray mongoose is not in danger.
It is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List.
However, some species are threatened because of habitat lose. Something Special Unlike most animals, snake venom does not affect mongooses.
The mongoose's ability to fight cobras has inspired the short story "Rikki Tikki Tavi" from The Jungle Book (1894) by Rudyard Kipling.
Some mongooses are kept as pets to keep out unwanted animals.
The hunting habits and destructive behavior of mongooses have led scientists to believe that they are capable of affecting animal populations to a large extent. Something Special Unlike most animals, mongoose are not affected by snake venom.
The ability to fight and kill snakes inspired the short story "Rikki Tikki Tavi" from The Jungle Book (1894) by Rudyard Kipling
Some mongooses are kept as pets to keep out unwanted animals.
The hunting habits and destructive behavior of mongooses have led scientists to believe that they are capable of affecting animal populations to a large extent. They live in burrows and are nondiscriminatory predators. Indian gray mongoose range Mongoose breaking egg. Mongoose Meerkat Similar Herpestes edwardsii References "Indian Gray Mongoose." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 20 May 2013. Web. 21 May 2013. or http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_gray_mongoose
"Mongoose." National Geographic. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2013. or http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/mongoose/
"Indian Grey Mongoose (Herpestes Edwardsii)." Indian Grey Mongoose Videos, Photos and Facts. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2013. or http://www.arkive.org/indian-grey-mongoose/herpestes-edwardsii/
"Indian Gray Mongoose Pictures and Facts." The Indian Gray Mongoose. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2013. or http://thewebsiteofeverything.com/animals/mammals/Carnivora/Herpestidae/Herpestes/Herpestes-edwardsii.html When hunting, it will chase down prey if necessary, biting the neck in order to break it.
The mongoose will throw eggs against a hard surface to crack them open.
It is aware of prey, remaining alert for any chance to hunt.
Their only predator are leopards, making them at the top of the food chain. How It Hunts