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Psychosexual Stages of Development

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Joed Centeno

on 8 June 2014

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Transcript of Psychosexual Stages of Development

Psychosexual Stages of Development
Psychosexual Development;
Sigmund Freud;
Freud's Psychosexual Development

Mnemonics (for easy memorization)

: “O

What is Psychosexual Development?
-it is a theory.
-proposed in 1905 by
Sigmund Freud (Sig-mund. Froy-d)
Who is Sigmund Freud?
-(Sig-mund. Froy-d)
-an Austrian neurologist
-the founding father of psychoanalysis.

Freud’s Stages of Psychosexual Development
-describes how a personality of a person changes through a SERIES OF CHILDHOOD STAGES.
1. Oral Stage
2. Anal Stage
3. Phallic Stage
4. Latency Stage
5. Genital Stage

Freud emphasized that each psychosexual stages is associated with a particular conflict that must be resolved before the individual can successfully advance to the next stage. One good example is
analogy of military troops on the march.
Analogy of military troops on the march
1. Oral Stage

-the first stage from birth to approximately 18 months.
-oral means mouth so it is centered at baby’s mouth.
-in this stage, putting something on the mouth will satisfy the libido.
-Examples: sucking, biting, chewing, and breast-feeding
-totally dependent on mom

2. Anal Stage
-second stage; from 18 months to 3 years old.
-the libido is now focused on anus, urinary bladder, and sphincter muscles for satisfaction and great pleasure.
-in this stage the child learns to take control of the environment because he or she is toilet-trained by his or her mom/dad thus the child is now fully aware that they are a person in their own right.
-no longer dependent on mom.

3. Phallic Stage
-third stage; from 3-6 years old.
-primary focus of the libido is on the genitals.
-At this age, children also begin to discover the differences between males and females.
-A female child develops "Electra complex."
-A male child develops "Oedipus complex."

The Id energy or the pleasure-seeking energy which is the only energy that Is present at birth...
The "Libido"
The libido or the psychosexual energy is a part of id energy that acts as the driving force behind the behavior.
Erogenous areas of the body
During the course of the childhood stages
5 Stages of Psychosexual Development by Sigmund Freud
5 Stages of Psychosexual
Development by Sigmund Freud
4. Latency Stage
Literature Cited

Electra complex
5. Genital Stage
become focused on
"person's overall sexual drive"
will drive
The "Id"
As the troops
(former stage)
They are met by opposition

If they are highly successful in winning the battle
(resolved conflict)
they will be able to move on to the next battle
(next stage)
During the course of the childhood stages...
Oedipus complex
-has been used to described a similar set of feelings experienced by young girls. Freud, however, believed that girls instead experience penis envy.
-describes these feelings of wanting to possess the mother and the desire to replace the father. However, the child also fears that he will be punished by the father for these feelings, a fear Freud termed
castration anxiety
-fourth stage; from 6 to puberty.
-libido interests are suppressed or dormant; period of calm.
-begins around the time that children enter into school and become more concerned with peer relationships, hobbies and other interests.
-time of exploration in which the sexual energy is still present, but it is directed into other areas such as intellectual pursuits and social interactions.
-this stage is important in the development of social and communication skills and self-confidence.
-fifth and final stage; from puberty to death.
-the individual develops a strong sexual interest in the opposite sex.
- focus was on interest in the welfare of others grows during this stage.
-the goal of this stage is to establish a balance between the various life areas.
If these psychosexual stages are completed successfully, the result is a healthy personality.
If certain issues are not resolved at the appropriate stage, fixation can occur
A fixation is a persistent focus on an earlier psychosexual stage. Until this conflict is resolved, the individual will remain "stuck" in this stage.
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